Donor Endothelial Cell Count Does Not Correlate With Descemet Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty Transplant Survival After 2 Years of Follow-up
Purpose: To analyze the influence of low endothelial cell density (ECD) of donor cornea tissue, donor age, and sex on the transplant survival rate after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK). Methods: Graft ECD, age, and sex of donors used for DSAEK (n = 1789) during 7 years (2007–2014) in 4 Scandinavian hospitals were assessed for potential association with transplant survival at 2 years of follow-up using a Cox regression model correcting for confounding factors. The data were obtained from The Swedish Cornea Transplant Registry. Results: Transplant failure occurred in 196 patients, with 69 early failures during the first 3 postoperative months, and 127 late secondary failures. Twenty-five of the late secondary failures were due to rejection. Reversible rejections occurred in 67 patients. There was no significant impact of donor age [hazard ratio (HR) 1.0, 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.99–1.02, P = 0.32] or endothelial cell count (HR 1.00, 95% CI, 0.99–1.01, P = 0.3) on the survival rate of DSAEK transplants at 2 years of follow-up. The use of donor grafts with low ECD (
In this study, researchers studied 438,952 participants in the UK Biobank, who had a total of 24,980 major coronary events - defined as the first occurrence of non-fatal heart attack, ischaemic stroke, or death due to coronary heart disease. They used an approach called Mendelian randomisation, which uses naturally occurring genetic differences to randomly divide the participants into groups, mimicking the effects of running a clinical trial. People with genes associated with lower blood pressure, lower LDL cholesterol, and a combination of both were put into different groups, and compared against those without thes...
Discussion In this section, we discuss the mechanisms responsible for lymphomagenesis in the various inborn errors of immunity and provide an overview of the treatment. Defects in Immune Responses That Predispose to Lymphomagenesis in PIDDs The complex immune mechanisms and their interplay that predisposes to neoplastic transformation of B or T cells and development of lymphomas in PIDD patients has not been fully elucidated. However, it is expected that the etiology in most cases is multifactorial and related to a dynamic regulation of immune response and environmental triggers (Figure 3). An underlying intrinsic susce...
Conclusions: The risk of fibrous proliferation and retinal detachment after posterior dislocation of DMEK grafts may be less than in grafts including corneal stroma, but pars plana vitrectomy and retrieval of the dislocated corneal transplant are still indicated after revision corneal transplant surgery where visual symptoms or signs of fibrotic change around the dislocated graft are evident.
Conclusions: Immune cells were observed on the corneal endothelial grafts in all 54 patients who underwent PK or DSAEK. Although the number of immune cells varied between patients and showed no correlation with clinical parameters, it would be beneficial to conduct a future prospective study to analyze the effect of immune cells on postoperative corneal endothelial cell loss.
Photo by Victor Freitas on Unsplash British scientists have 3D printed the first human corneas, yielding a potential fix to the worldwide shortage of corneas for implantation. The Newcastle University researchers created a bio-ink using stem cells from a healthy donor cornea mixed with alginate and collagen. They used a simple, low-cost 3D bio-printer to extrude the bio-ink in concentric circles to form the shape of a human cornea. It took less than 10 minutes to print. The proof-of-concept research was published in May in Experimental Eye Research. “Many teams across the world have been ...
Conclusions: Pentacam corneal thickness maps showed good repeatability and intersession reproducibility in virgin and grafted corneas with FECD, which makes it a valid tool for monitoring these patients. Central areas showed the highest variability between sessions in diseased groups.
CONCLUSIONS After a transplantation scandal, the number of realized corneal donors and realized organ donors decreased significantly. It seems that increasing professional performance is very important to gaining trust inside and outside the hospital and improving corneal and organ donation rate. PMID: 28694420 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusions: Residual normal limbal epithelial cells could be present in eyes with clinical features of total LSCD. IVCM seems to be a more accurate method to evaluate the degree of LSCD.
Conclusions: The amniotic epithelial cells play a major role as a source of variation in light transmission properties of amnion. From the results, epithelial-denuded freeze-dried AM was found to be a suitable scaffold to be applied in corneal tissue engineering.
Conclusions: RMVECs can grow on the posterior surface of the cornea without Descemet's membrane. Cultured and transplanted RMVECs appeared similar in ultrastructure. VECs can provide a barrier to maintain corneal dehydration and transparency to some extent.