Simulating a story character ’s thoughts: Evidence from the directed forgetting task
Publication date: October 2017 Source:Journal of Memory and Language, Volume 96 Author(s): Danielle N. Gunraj, Sri Siddhi N. Upadhyay, Kenneth J. Houghton, Deanne L. Westerman, Celia M. Klin Readers’ memory representations have been shown to include the sensory details of characters’ movement, dialogue, and navigation through space and time (e.g., Glenberg & Kaschak, 2002; Gunraj, Drumm-Hewitt, & Klin, 2014; Levine & Klin, 2001; Zwaan, 1996). We ask whether readers also encode the mental experiences of story characters, such as their thoughts and goals. To examine this question, we used a variation of the list-method directed forgetting paradigm (Bjork, 1970), with two word-lists embedded within a narrative. In contrast with the traditional directed forgetting paradigm, it was the story character, rather than the participant, who needed to remember List 1 or forget List 1. If readers take the character’s perspective, the character’s intention to remember or forget List 1 should influence the reader’s intention to remember or forget List 1. This, in turn, should produce the typical pattern of effects for directed forgetting: decreased recall for List 1 (costs) and increased recall for List 2 (benefits) in the Forget condition relative to the Remember condition. The List 2 benefits were found across experiments, even without explicit instructions to forget or remember List 1. However, the List 1 costs were not reliable. Results are dis...
PPAR-γ Agonists and Their Role in Primary Cicatricial Alopecia. PPAR Res. 2017;2017:2501248 Authors: Harnchoowong S, Suchonwanit P Abstract Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR-γ) is a ligand-activated nuclear receptor that regulates the transcription of various genes. PPAR-γ plays roles in lipid homeostasis, sebocyte maturation, and peroxisome biogenesis and has shown anti-inflammatory effects. PPAR-γ is highly expressed in human sebaceous glands. Disruption of PPAR-γ is believed to be one of the mechanisms of primary cicatricial alopecia (PCA) pathoge...
The president scored a 30 out of 30 on a cognitive assessment during his physical last week, his doctor told reporters
Conclusions: The hierarchical structure of the CART model provides a diagnostic algorithm linked with the risk of malignancy at every step of the procedure. It also provides guidance on the use of ancillary examinations as it goes by simple, human understandable rules.Acta Cytologica
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The risk for type 2 diabetes was reduced by almost half throughout their childbearing years for women who breastfed for 6 months or longer, a study found.Medscape Medical News
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - U.S. President Donald Trump passed a cognitive test and is in overall excellent health, but needs to lose 10 to 15 pounds (4.5 to 6.8 kg) by eating better and starting to exercise, the White House physician said on Tuesday.
CONCLUSION: Our findings do not support epicardial fat's beneficial effects on bone health, whereas general adiposity has an osteotropic effect. The association between EFT and BMC is through common genetic component factors. PMID: 29332861 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: Affected infants and toddlers in Fukushima suggested some growth disturbances and early adiposity rebound, which can cause obesity. The future growth of children affected by disasters should be followed carefully. PMID: 29332860 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Los Angeles-based model Lauren Wasser, 29, lost her right leg in 2012 and had the other one amputated last week. 'Life is about to be so different, again!' she said in a post before the surgery.
In this study, eleven volunteers (aged 37-52) took six early-afternoon naps (30 minutes) in their occupational workplace, under two different conditions: control 'Naps' or 'Naps + RT' with a within-subjects design. Our results demonstrate that adding RT to naps changes sleep architecture, with a significant increase in the TST, mostly due to N2 sleep stage (and N3, to a lesser extent). Therefore, the deepening of short naps with RT involving hypnosis might be a successful non-pharmacological way to extend sleep duration and to deepen sleep in occupational settings. PMID: 29332862 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]