Road safety and the urban emergency medical service (uEMS): Strategy station location

Publication date: Available online 3 May 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Marco Amorim, Sara Ferreira, António Couto This paper provides a methodology on how to contribute to road safety by improving the vehicle response of urban emergency medical services (uEMS) using road safety investments. The methodology embodies two steps. The first step includes a demand assessment through a model that calculates the frequency of urban emergency events and their priority in a spatial area per different population demographics and urban characteristics. These events are categorized by type, which we separated as road crashes, cardiac arrests and other emergency events that require the dispatch of an ambulance with a medical team. The second step proposes an optimization model developed to maximize the uEMS vehicle coverage, considering road crashes by locating ambulance stations in the urban area, giving priority to high-priority emergencies and strategically double-covering road crashes. The applicability and practical interest of the proposed models are proven by applying them to the real-world case of the metropolitan area of Porto, where data on the emergency service response, land use and population demographics are available. The final conclusions indicate that areas prone to high volumes of traffic and high speed roads lead to higher volumes of road crash emergencies, and stations should be located closer to high speed roads. Moreover, further inve...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Karimi G, Vard B, Riyahi R, Motlagh ME, Heshmat R, Kelishadi R Abstract This cross-sectional study was conducted among 14,400 Iranian students, aged 7-18 years to determine the association between the frequency of family dinner and mental health. Family dinner frequency, family relationship, life satisfaction (LS), self-perceived health and anxiety were assessed by validated questionnaires. Of 14,274 participants, 50.6% were boys and 71.4% were urban residents, with a mean (SD) age of 12.28 (3.16) years. Family dinner frequency was significantly correlated with LS (boys: β = 0.27, p 
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research
In this study we explored the use of a natural compound rubusoside (RUB) as a solubilizer to enhance the solubility of a fluorescence-labeled C6-Ceramide (NBD C6-Ceramide) and to characterize its pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution in an animal model. RUB significantly enhanced the solubility of NBD C6-Ceramide by forming nanomicelles, and efficiently delivered NBD C6-Ceramide in rats by oral and intravenous administration. RUB loaded 1.96% of NBD C6-Ceramide in the nanomicelles and solubilized it to a concentration of 3.6 mg/mL in water. NBD C6-Ceramide in nanomicelles remained stable in aqueous solutions, all...
Source: Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators - Category: Lipidology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Prostaglandins &Other Lipid MediatorsAuthor(s): Giorgio Mottola, Evan Werlin, Bian Wu, Mian Chen, Anuran Chatterjee, Melinda Schaller, Michael S. ConteAbstractInflammation ensuing from vascular injury promotes intimal hyperplasia (IH) and restenosis. Resolvin D1 (RvD1) is a lipid mediator that attenuates IH in vivo when delivered locally to the vessel wall in animal models. We tested the hypothesis that peri-procedural oral administration of RvD1 could blunt the local inflammatory response to angioplasty, and attenuate downstream IH. Carotid angioplasty was per...
Source: Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators - Category: Lipidology Source Type: research
First-of-its-kind trial evaluates decision aid’s efficacy
Source: St. Michael's Hospital News and Media - Category: Hospital Management Tags: Hospital News Source Type: news
Authors: Glauser W PMID: 31818934 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research
Authors: Owens B PMID: 31818933 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research
Authors: Dermer M, Martel J, Greenhill A PMID: 31818932 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research
Authors: Robson R PMID: 31818931 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research
Authors: Lamb S PMID: 31818930 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research
Authors: Zimmer V, Glanemann M, Lammert F PMID: 31818929 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research
More News: Emergency Medicine | Occupational Health