Executive Functioning in Children Aged 6 –18 Years with Cerebral Palsy

AbstractExecutive functioning (EF) is necessary for purposeful and goal-directed activity. Deficits in EF have been related to prematurity, low birth weight and early acquired brain lesions. Cerebral palsy (CP) is a condition where all these factors might be present and therefore suited to explore the relative contribution of each. The aim is to investigate factors that may contribute to variability in EF in children with CP. Participants were 68 children with CP, with various degrees of speech and motor impairment. Mean age 10;2  years (range 6;0 to 17;7 years), 38 were girls. EF was investigated with tests, Backward memory from Leiter-R and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, which were adapted so that the children could respond regardless of their level of motor functioning. The mean standardized scores on tests of EF were wit hin the normal range (89.5–105.9). The considerable individual variation (55–145) is explained by age and cognitive ability. Of the 68 participants, a measure of EF was available for 57 (83.8%). The 11 who did not complete the tests all had an intellectual disability. Variability in EF in childr en with CP was explained by age and cognitive ability, and not by prematurity, type of brain lesion or epilepsy. There was a developmental trend towards an increase in EF with age. However, the delay in EF may have consequences for overall cognitive and everyday functioning. The large variability in EF suggests that cognition should be assessed...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research

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Abstract Aim: To assess the burden and underlying factors of malnutrition among children with cerebral palsy (CP) in the remote Sumba Island, Indonesia. Methods: This is a community-based key informant (KI) method survey of children with CP in the southwest regency of Sumba Island, Indonesia (child population∼152 471). Children with suspected CP identified by trained community volunteers (KIs) underwent a detailed neurodevelopmental assessment by a multidisciplinary medical assessment team to confirm diagnosis of CP. Anthropometric measurements were taken, z scores were calculated, and nutritional status ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Conclusion WS has an especially unfavorable prognosis: cerebral anomaly was confirmed in 89% of our patients. CP was present in almost two-thirds of the children with WS, most of them had severe cognitive and motor deficits. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Neuropediatrics - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
 Schizophrenia does not just affect the person with schizophrenia, but their families, also. This episode of Inside Schizophrenia explores the family relationships impacted by schizophrenia, both immediate and extended.  Two guests join us. The first is Chrisa Hickey, who is the mother of an adult son with schizophrenia and started an online site for parents of children who have a severe mental illness. The other guest, interviewed by co-host Gabe Howard, is Janel Star Withers, mother of host Rachel Star Withers. Janel shares her experiences with raising a schizophrenic daughter.  Host Rachel Star Withers, a d...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Children and Teens Family Inside Schizophrenia Parenting Bipolar disorder and schizophrenia Family Mental Health family mental illness Helping Families in Mental Health Crisis life with schizophrenia Mental Disorder Mental illness and Source Type: blogs
  Schizophrenia does not just affect the person with schizophrenia, but their families, also. This episode of Inside Schizophrenia explores the family relationships impacted by schizophrenia, both immediate and extended.  Two guests join us. The first is Chrisa Hickey, who is the mother of an adult son with schizophrenia and started an online site for parents of children who have a severe mental illness. The other guest, interviewed by co-host Gabe Howard, is Janel Star Withers, mother of host Rachel Star Withers. Janel shares her experiences with raising a schizophrenic daughter.  Host Rachel Star Withers, ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Children and Teens Family General Inside Schizophrenia Mental Health and Wellness Parenting Bipolar disorder and schizophrenia Family Mental Health family mental illness Helping Families in Mental Health Crisis life with schizophrenia Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: Compared with adults without CP, those with CP have an elevated prevalence of mental health disorders, some of which may be more pronounced in patients with comorbid neurodevelopmental disorders. Primary Funding Source: National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research. PMID: 31382276 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: Most common risk factor of CP is birth asphyxia; thus, by improving health care facilities, its incidence can be reduced. CP affects not only motor functions but also other important functions of body as well, and the more severe the motor disabilities, the more are other comorbidities and their intensity also increases with that of the intensity of brain insult.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: The SAVVY survey provides estimates of mortality burden of ND in Tanzania. The study provides a basis for monitoring trends of ND and contributes to advancing knowledge of the burden of diseases. Integrating morbidities measures into the SAVVY design will provide comprehensive measures of burden of ND taking into account lifetime disabilities created by ND. PMID: 31144608 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Global Health Action - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: To determine childhood predictors of participation in domestic life and interpersonal relationships of young adults with cerebral palsy (CP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This 13-year follow-up of an existing cohort (baseline age 9-13 years) included 67 young adults with CP (age 21-27 years). The Vineland adaptive behavior scales (VABS) and Life Habits questionnaire were used to assess attendance and difficulty in participation in domestic life and interpersonal relationships. Baseline factors were categorised according to the international classification of functioning, disability, ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Neuropediatrics DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1685525Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is common in adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) and there is a lack of studies applying artificial intelligence to investigate this field and this population in particular. The aim of this study is to develop and test a predictive learning model to identify factors associated with ASD in adolescents with CP. This was a multicenter controlled cohort study of 102 adolescents with CP (61 males, 41 females; mean age ± SD [standard deviation] = 16.6 ± 1.2 years; range: 12–18 years). Data on e...
Source: Neuropediatrics - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Silvia Pregnolato1*, Elavazhagan Chakkarapani1, Anthony R. Isles2 and Karen Luyt1 1Department of Neonatal Neurology, Translational Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom 2Behavioural Genetics Group, MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom Preterm birth complications are the leading cause of child death worldwide and a top global health priority. Among the survivors, the risk of life-long disabilities is high, including cerebral palsy and impairment of movement, cognition, and behavior. U...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
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