Germline Mutations Associated with Leukemia in Childhood: New Discoveries and Emerging Phenotypes
AbstractPurpose of ReviewAcute leukemia is the most common cancer of childhood. The pathogenesis of childhood leukemia is multifactorial, and most cases occur sporadically. Although the majority of genetic changes are acquired somatic mutations, recent discoveries have revealed that inherited germline mutations are present in an increasing proportion of children, predisposing them to leukemia.Recent FindingsRecently described germline mutations inETV6,SH2B3, andPAX5 have been associated with increased risks of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). A high incidence of germline mutations inGATA2 is seen in pediatric myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)/acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Susceptibility genes for adult leukemia are found at increased incidence in children with MDS/AML. Recent findings have broadened the phenotype of inherited bone marrow failure syndromes, with a decreased emphasis on phenotypic abnormalities.SummaryNewly identified germline susceptibilities to hematologic malignancies are emerging at a rapid pace with the advent of next-generation sequencing approaches. A higher incidence of germline mutations accounts for childhood leukemia more than previously thought, and affected children do not necessarily fit into previously described syndromic presentations; therefore, careful clinical consideration is required for accurate diagnosis. Furthermore, children with inherited predisposition require a multidisciplinary approach to ensure proper evaluation and treatment, inc...
Authors: Herth FJF, Reinmuth N, Wormanns D, Antoch G, Biederer J, Vogel-Claussen J, Kauczor HU, Pfeifer M, Vorstand der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Pneumologie und Beatmungsmedizin, Vorstand der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft Abstract Substantial new data on early detection of lung cancer with low-dose CT has become available since the last joint statement of the German Roentgenological Society and the German Respiratory Society was published in 2011. The German S3 guideline on lung cancer was revised in 2018 and now contains a weak recommendation towards early detection of lung cancer with low-dose CT in a...
Publication date: 21–27 September 2019Source: The Lancet, Volume 394, Issue 10203Author(s): The Lancet
ConclusionICG-diode laser-based PTT is compatible to periodontium and assists in faster resolution of gingival inflammation in periodontal pockets refractory to mechanical debridement.
ConclusionsAdiponectin had no role in the development of gastropathy. Patients with gastropathy had a significant increase in the serum level of cholesterol and triglyceride. There is a significant negative correlation between adiponectin and weight, body mass index, waist circumference, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein.
Isavuconazole is a new azole approved for adults with invasive aspergillosis and mucormycosis, with a favorable hepatic tolerability reported in Phase III trials. Here, we report on a case of drug-induced liver failure related to isavuconazole in a pediatric patient treated for invasive aspergillosis after bone marrow transplant.
We present a case of Candida tropicalis thyroiditis in an adolescent male with acute lymphocytic leukemia that led to disseminated candidiasis, thyroid storm and eventual total thyroidectomy for source control.
Conclusions: The AS04-adjuvanted HPV-16/18 vaccine administered according to a 2-dose schedule to girls 4–6 years of age induced a high and sustained immunologic response with an acceptable safety profile during the 30 months following vaccination.
Treatments for advanced prostate cancer that suppress testosterone, a hormone (also called an androgen) that drives the malignant cells to grow and spread, are collectively referred to as androgen deprivation therapies, or ADT. These therapies can significantly extend lifespans in men who have the disease, but they also have a range of challenging side effects. In 2004, Dr. Marc Garnick, Gorman Brothers Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and editor in chief of HarvardProstateKnowledge.org, reported that in some men, an ADT drug called aberelix lengthens the time it tak...
Those most likely to skip appointments are men under 30 or over 85, people living in poor areas, and those with gastrointestinal symptoms, the study found.
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Annie Wai Yeeng Chai, Kue Peng Lim, Sok Ching CheongAbstractOral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) are a heterogeneous group of cancers arising from the mucosal lining of the oral cavity. A majority of these cancers are associated with lifestyle risk habits including smoking, excessive alcohol consumption and betel quid chewing. Cetuximab, targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor was approved for the treatment of OSCC in 2006, and remains the only molecular targeted therapy available for OSCC. Here, we reviewed the current ...
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