A case of sarcoidosis with isolated hepatosplenic onset and development of inflammatory bowel disease during recovery stage

AbstractSarcoidosis is a systemic disease characterized by an immune-mediated disorder, which leads to the development of non-caseating granulomas in the involved organs. More than 90% of patients with sarcoidosis present lungs and lymphatic system involvement at onset, while less than 10% has an isolated extrapulmonary localization. Here, we describe the case of an elderly patient with isolated hepato-splenic onset (multiple splenic lesions at imaging and cholestasis), and subsequent pulmonary involvement. The liver biopsy showed the presence of non-caseating granulomas, suggesting sarcoidosis. Despite the complete recovery was obtained with steroid therapy, after dosage reduction the patient presented watery diarrhea. Endoscopic investigations with biopsies were performed, describing the presence of an important lympho-plasmacytic infiltrate of terminal ileum mucosa with typical aspects of inflammatory bowel disease. The symptomatology completely disappeared after steroid dosage increase. This case confirms that sarcoidosis could present in a very atypical way, involving several organs in a different manner at the same time and that every symptom should not be underestimated, despite the rare presentation.
Source: Autoimmunity Highlights - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

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