Platelet count, spleen length, and platelet count-to-spleen length ratio for the diagnosis of oesophageal varices in people with chronic liver disease or portal vein thrombosis.

Platelet count, spleen length, and platelet count-to-spleen length ratio for the diagnosis of oesophageal varices in people with chronic liver disease or portal vein thrombosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Apr 26;4:CD008759 Authors: Colli A, Gana JC, Yap J, Adams-Webber T, Rashkovan N, Ling SC, Casazza G Abstract BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend screening of people with oesophageal varices via oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy at the time of diagnosis of hepatic cirrhosis. This requires that people repeatedly undergo unpleasant invasive procedures with their attendant risks, although half of these people have no identifiable oesophageal varices 10 years after the initial diagnosis of cirrhosis. Platelet count, spleen length, and platelet count-to-spleen length ratio are non-invasive tests proposed as triage tests for the diagnosis of oesophageal varices. OBJECTIVES: Primary objectives To determine the diagnostic accuracy of platelet count, spleen length, and platelet count-to-spleen length ratio for the diagnosis of oesophageal varices of any size in paediatric or adult patients with chronic liver disease or portal vein thrombosis, irrespective of aetiology. To investigate the accuracy of these non-invasive tests as triage or replacement of oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy. Secondary objectives To compare the diagnostic accuracy of these same tests for the diagnosis of high-risk oesophageal varices in paediatric or adult patients with chronic ...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Feres M, Retamal-Valdes B, Faveri M, Duarte P, Shibli J, Soares GMS, Miranda T, Teles F, Goodson M, Hasturk H, Van Dyke T, Ehmke B, Eickholz P, Schlagenhauf U, Meyle J, Koch R, Kocher T, Hoffmann T, Kim TS, Kaner D, Figueiredo LC, Doyle H Abstract OBJECTIVE: The selection of proper outcome measures is a critical step in clinical research. Most randomized clinical trials (RCTs) assessing the effects of initial anti-infective periodontal therapies use surrogate outcomes as primary outcome variables, such as mean changes in probing depth (PD) or in clinical attachment. However, these parameters do not reflect...
Source: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Int Acad Periodontol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Non-surgical periodontal therapy was effective during the first 18 months, but periodontal conditions were worse at 48 months after therapy. The distal sites of abutment teeth with direct retainers presented the worst periodontal conditions. PMID: 32224546 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Int Acad Periodontol Source Type: research
Mice fed a diet rich in saturated fat showed dramatic changes in liver gene expression, which may explain how diet affects that organ. (read more)
Source: Environmental Factor - NIEHS Newsletter - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: news
Context: In the midst of the current opioid epidemic, states have selected differing legislative routes implementing pathways to ensure access to clean needles and syringes. Objective: To determine whether states that implemented laws supporting syringe exchange programs (SEPs) had reductions in transmission rates of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV infection compared with states without such laws. Design and Setting: Utilizing a longitudinal panel design, we determined the legal status of SEPs in each state for years 1983-2016. Disease transmission rates for this period were estimated via a simple Poisson regress...
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research
In this study, we examined the effect of laparoscopic-guided transversus abdominis plane block (LG TAP) for further optimizing multimodal pain control.MethodsThis is a retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database of 140 consecutive patients undergoing LSG without TAP block (pre-TAP group) compared to 131 patients undergoing LSG with LGTAP (TAP group). All operations were performed laparoscopically utilizing uniform clinical pathways. Baseline characteristics for both groups were comparable. Both groups received standardized anesthesia. Outcomes included time to postoperative ambulation, pain scores, PCA vol...
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundA procedure-based laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) classification (IMM classification) stratified 11 different LLR procedures into 3 grades. IMM classification assessed the difficulty of LLR differently than an index-based LLR classification (IWATE criteria), which scored each procedure on an index scale of 12. We validated the difference of 3 IMM grades using an external cohort, evaluated the IMM classification using the scores of the IWATE criteria, and compared the performance of IMM classification with the IWATE criteria and the minor/major classification.MethodsPatients undergoing LLR without simul...
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis is the first report of cognitive improvements following VSG and the first direct comparison of cognitive improvements following RYGB and VSG. Short-term improvements in specific domains of cognitive function are observed at the beginning of the active weight loss phase following bariatric surgery that persisted to 3  months. The anatomical distinction between the two surgeries and resulting differential metabolic profiles may be responsible for the improvements in attention observed following RYGB but not following VSG.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsWeight loss after EGJR is sustained up to 5  years after revision with little effect on medical comorbidities. Patients with a greater reduction in stoma diameter experienced superior weight loss.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
In this study, wound-related outcomes are examined, comparing patients who underwent surgery before (Group 1) versus after (Group 2) this intervention. Statistical analysis performed utilizingt tests and Chi square analysis;p 
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study assessed the utility and safety of robot-assisted ISR by comparing groups of patients who underwent low anterior resection (LAR) with or without ISR and ISR extent.MethodsThis study enrolled 897 patients who underwent curative LAR between 2010 and 2017. Patients were divided into those who did (ISR+) and did not (ISR −) undergo ISR, with the former group subdivided by ISR extent (partial, subtotal, and total). Tumor recurrence and survival were compared in the two groups by one-to-one nearest neighbor matching (218 patients each).ResultsRobot-assisted ISR was performed via an entirely transabdominal approa...
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
More News: Bleeding | Children | Cirrhosis | Databases & Libraries | Endoscopy | Gastroenterology | General Medicine | Hepatitis | Hepatitis C | Liver | Liver Disease | Pediatrics | Science | Study | Thrombosis | Urology & Nephrology