Brief intervention, physical exercise and cognitive behavioural group therapy for patients with chronic low back pain (The CINS trial)

ConclusionThere was no support for an effect of the added group CBT or group PE treatments to a brief cognitive intervention in this study of patients on sick leave due to low back pain. SignificanceOur study demonstrates that treatments that previously were found to be effective and are included in most treatment guidelines, such as group cognitive‐behavior therapy and exercise, were not effective in this given context compared to a brief, cognitive intervention. This implies that an optimized brief intervention is difficult to outperform in patients on sick leave due to low back pain.
Source: European Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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ConclusionThe rare clinical entity of a WS necessitates a targeted diagnostic evaluation and therapy. Clinical details, diagnostic studies and treatment are discussed here.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Hi all, I'm an MS3 that has wanted to be an ER doc since he was a kid. I have stayed away from sdn largely because I find it to be unnecessarily anxiety producing and toxic, especially in premedical and med student forums. In thinking about residency applications I ventured on here. What I have found, not surprisingly given my other experiences on this site, is waves of negativity, regret, frustration, and unhappiness written by emergency medicine physicians. I don't want to minimize what... Is there anything good about EM?
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Emergency Medicine Source Type: forums
Conclusion: The European Portuguese version of the FDI has very good internal consistency, good test-retest reliability, and construct validity when used in a sample of community adolescents with chronic pain. Implications for rehabilitation One of the most widely instruments used to assess functional disability is the Functional Disability Inventory (FDI), which in its original version has good psychometric properties and is recommended by the Pediatric Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials; However, the FDI has not been translated yet into European Portuguese language and its psychome...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Authors: Licciardone JC, Schmitt ME, Aryal S Abstract Context: Comparisons of osteopathic physicians (ie, DOs) and allopathic physicians (ie, MDs) on interpersonal manner, including empathy and communication style, have been limited by such methodologic issues as self-assessment and a focus on medical students rather than practicing physicians. Objective: To compare perceptions of the interpersonal manner, empathy, and communication style of DOs and MDs and corresponding clinical measures reported by their patients. Methods: A cross-sectional study of adults with subacute or chronic low back pain was conduc...
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study revealed that stabilization exercise is very useful in the management of sleep disturbance, pain-related disability, depression, and anxiety in NSCLBP patients. PMID: 30013734 [PubMed]
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research
This study will investigate whether the results of the first cognitive functional therapy randomised clinical trial are reproducible. The present study will have a sample size capable of detecting clinically relevant effects of the treatment with a low risk of bias. In pragmatic terms, this clinical trial is designed to reproduce the intervention as it would be performed in clinical practice by a trained physiotherapist who works with cognitive functional therapy, which increases the relevance of this study. The combined manual therapy and exercise group comprises an intervention strategy widely used by physiotherapists to...
Source: Journal of Physiotherapy - Category: Physiotherapy Source Type: research
This study provides some support for using single item questions to identify those who need more in-depth assessment, and those who don’t need this level of attention. I like that! The idea that we can triage those who probably don’t need the whole toolbox hurled at them is a great idea. Perhaps the New Zealand politicians, as they begin the downhill towards general elections at the end of the year, could be asked to thoughtfully consider rational distribution of healthcare, and a greater emphasis on targeted use of allied health and expensive surgery.   Deyo, R. A., &Mirza, S. K. (2016). Herniated Lum...
Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Assessment Back pain Chronic pain Coping strategies Interdisciplinary teams News Pain conditions Professional topics Research biopsychosocial disability healthcare rehabilitation self management treatment Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: The quality of the evidence examining physical activity and exercise for chronic pain is low. This is largely due to small sample sizes and potentially underpowered studies. A number of studies had adequately long interventions, but planned follow-up was limited to less than one year in all but six reviews.There were some favourable effects in reduction in pain severity and improved physical function, though these were mostly of small-to-moderate effect, and were not consistent across the reviews. There were variable effects for psychological function and quality of life.The available evidence suggests physica...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
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