Cognitive-behavioral determinants of using helmet by motorcyclists in a rural community

Conclusions Perceived behavioral control and social norms can be influential in using the helmet in a traditional rural setting, which can be used in planning head injury prevention programs for motorcyclists in rural communities.
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: The present study provides information that may help to establish standard dimensions of lateral masses of the atlas vertebrae among the normal Indian population. We demonstrate that there is no significant difference when compared with the Western population. The results presented here will be of use to clinicians as they may inform preoperative planning for lateral mass fixation surgeries. PMID: 31795022 [PubMed]
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Although the positivity of any troponin assay is associated with high mortality post-TBI, the use of HsTnT relatively outperforms the conventional troponin assay for early risk stratification and detection of stress-induced myocyte injury in patients with TBI. Further studies are needed to support our findings. PMID: 31789007 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Cardioangiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Minerva Cardioangiol Source Type: research
(Ecole Polytechnique F é d é rale de Lausanne) The Defitech Foundation has teamed up with EPFL, CHUV and UNIL to widen access to the groundbreaking neurotechnology developed under the 2018 STIMO study, which allowed paraplegic patients to walk again. Their aim is also to develop new neurosurgical treatments for people suffering from Parkinson's disease or from neurological disorders following a head injury or stroke.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
In order to investigate potential causal relations between the shaking of infants and injuries, biomechanical studies compare brain and skull dynamic behavior during shaking to injury thresholds. However, performing shaking tolerance research on infants, e...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news
OBJECTIVES: Variation in the management of paediatric head injury has been identified worldwide. This prospective study describes imaging and admission practices of children presenting with head injury across 10 hospital EDs in Australia and New Zealand. ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Abdul was just 13 when he arrived in the UK in the back of a lorry. He escaped war in Afghanistan: his father and brother were killed by the Taliban, and Abdul was next.  When Abdul came to us, he still didn’t know the outcome of his asylum application. He’d been living in the streets for four years and was struggling to find his feet in the UK: nightmares, flashbacks, and unimaginable stress.  It is incredibly scary and traumatic to be so far away from home at such a young age. Abdul was so scared of his surroundings that it took him a long time to open up. When he fell from a bench in the park whils...
Source: Doctors of the World News - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Uncategorised Source Type: news
Introduction The first Choosing Wisely Canada (CWC) recommendation for Emergency Medicine states: "Don't order CT head scans in adults and children who have suffered minor head injuries (unless positive for a validated head injury clinical decision rule)"....
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: MRI image together with medical history of the head trauma and its strict temporal relation with transient diabetes insipidus and the occurrence of CPHD signs, as well as the lack of extrapituitary midline defects differentiate posttraumatic pituitary stalk transection syndrome (PSTS) from genetic PSIS. In every case of severe traumatic head injury hormonal evaluation and MRI of hypothalamic-pituitary axis should be performed. PMID: 31769274 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Source Type: research
This study reviewed the medical records of the patients with maxillofacial fractures treated in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS) unit, Hospital USM during 5years period from January 2012 to December 2016, who had no associated head injury. The complete medical record of each patient was reviewed, and data were collected under the variables which were age, gender, etiology of maxillofacial fractures, types of maxillofacial fractures, and treatment modalities practiced for the correction of fractures. SPSS software version 23.0 was used to assess the correlation among the fractured facial bones.ResultsThis was a retrosp...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
AbstractTraumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major health problem for over 3.17 million people in the US, attracting increasing public attentions. Understanding the underlying mechanism of TBI is urgent for better diagnosis and treatment. Here, we examined the hypothesis that cerebral hemorrhagic coagulation and subsequent immune cells infiltration causes the progressive mechanisms of brain injury in moderate fluid percussion injury model. This represents a subdural hematoma and hemorrhagic head injury. We found increased hemorrhagic lesions and infarct volume in the injured brain with increment of pressure. The extent of hem...
Source: Journal of NeuroImmune Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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