Cognitive-behavioral determinants of using helmet by motorcyclists in a rural community

Conclusions Perceived behavioral control and social norms can be influential in using the helmet in a traditional rural setting, which can be used in planning head injury prevention programs for motorcyclists in rural communities.
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

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Abstract The relationship between laboratory and on-field performance of football helmets was assessed for 31 football helmet models selected from those worn by players in the 2015-2019 National Football League (NFL) seasons. Linear impactor tests were conducted with helmets placed on an instrumented Hybrid III head and neck assembly mounted on a sliding table. Based on impacts to each helmet at six impact locations and three velocities, a helmet performance score (HPS) was calculated using a linear combination of the head injury criterion (HIC) and the diffuse axonal multi-axis general evaluation (DAMAGE). To det...
Source: Annals of Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Authors: Tags: Ann Biomed Eng Source Type: research
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic head injury is one of the most common causes of death and disability worldwide. The clinical and pathological features of head injury are not only helpful for its diagnosis and treatment, but also can help analyze the wounding mecha...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) or head injury is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality globally. TBI includes a fractured skull as an indicator of insult which can affect the treatment outcome as well. The development of any frac...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news
Introduction: Our previous community-based study demonstrated that some individuals with AVIM [asymptomatic ventriculomegaly with features of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)] progressed to iNPH in several years. In this hospital-based study, we investigated the progression rate from AVIM to iNPH and its possible predictors.Methods: We conducted a prospective study of participants with AVIM from several medical institutions/hospitals in Japan. AVIM is defined as “asymptomatic ventriculomegaly with features of iNPH on MRI”; in the present study, asymptomatic was...
Source: Journal of the Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Clinical short communication Source Type: research
Conclusions The rate of CT use decreased by 30% as a result of OU institution. The OU was an effective means of avoiding an unnecessary head CT for pediatric minor head injuries.
Source: Pediatric Emergency Care - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Idiopathic GHD may be unrecognized due to its subtle manifestations and that an extended use of dynamic GH test may reveal such condition. A potential field of investigation could be to identify subsets of patients with clinical conditions caused or worsened by underlying unrecognized GHD. PMID: 32990548 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
We examined whether biomarkers at admission could be useful prognostic predictors. We focused on electrolytes and blood glucose, which can be measured easily at any facility and for which the results can be obtained promptly before those of other biomarkers, such as D-dimer. METHODS: All trauma patients with head injury treated at Chiba Hokusoh Hospital between 2014 and 2017 were investigated. Multiple trauma cases accompanied by fatal trauma, hemorrhagic shock, and cardiopulmonary arrest, and pediatric cases were excluded from this study. The blood gas data at the initial hospital visit were reviewed retrospectively....
Source: Journal of Nippon Medical School - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: J Nippon Med Sch Source Type: research
INTRODUCTION: Pituitary gland is vulnerable to traumatic brain injury (TBI). As a result a series of neuroendocrine changes appear after head injury; in many occasions they reverse with time, while occasionally new late onset changes may develop. AREAS...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Authors: Ntali G, Tsagarakis S Abstract INTRODUCTION: Pituitary gland is vulnerable to traumatic brain injury (TBI). As a result a series of neuroendocrine changes appear after head injury; in many occasions they reverse with time, while occasionally new late onset changes may develop. AREAS COVERED: In this review, we focus on the prevalence of anterior and posterior pituitary hormonal changes in the acute and chronic post-TBI period in both children and adults. Moreover, we present evidence supporting the need for evaluating pituitary function along with the current suggestions for the most appropriate screen...
Source: Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
Abstract Although head injuries are common in cycling, exact conditions associated with cyclist head impacts are difficult to determine. Previous studies have attempted to reverse engineer cyclist head impacts by reconstructing bicycle helmet residual damage, but they have been limited by simplified damage assessment and testing. The present study seeks to enhance knowledge of cyclist head impact conditions by reconstructing helmet damage using advanced impact testing and damage quantification techniques. Damage to 18 helmets from cyclists treated in emergency departments was quantified using computed tomography a...
Source: Annals of Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Authors: Tags: Ann Biomed Eng Source Type: research
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