Scientists develop fluid-filled artificial womb to potentially help premature babies

(Reuters) – Scientists in the United States have developed a fluid-filled womb-like bag known as an extra-uterine support device that could transform care for extremely premature babies, significantly improving chances of survival. In pre-clinical studies with lambs, the researchers were able to mimic the womb environment and the functions of the placenta, giving premature offspring a crucial opportunity to develop their lungs and other organs. Around 30,000 babies in the United States alone are born critically early – at between 23 and 26 weeks of gestation, the researchers told reporters in a telephone briefing. At that age, a human baby weighs little more than 500 grams, its lungs are not able to cope with air and its chances of survival are low. Death rates are up to 70% and those who do survive face life-long disability. “These infants have an urgent need for a bridge between the mother’s womb and the outside world,” said Alan Flake, a specialist surgeon at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia who led the development of the new device. His team’s aim, he said, was to develop an extra-uterine system where extremely premature babies can be suspended in fluid-filled chambers for a vital few weeks to bring them over the 28-week threshold, when their life chances are dramatically improved. It could take up to another 10 years, but by then he hopes to have a licensed device in which babies born very prematurely are given the chance ...
Source: Mass Device - Category: Medical Equipment Authors: Tags: Research & Development Source Type: news

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 20 July 2018Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Fatima Marinho, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Elizabeth Barboza França, Daisy M X Abreu, Valdelaine E M Araújo, Maria Teresa Bustamante-Teixeira, Paulo A M Camargos, Carolina Cândida da Cunha, Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Mariana Santos Felisbino-Mendes, Maximiliano Ribeiro Guerra, Mark D C Guimaraes, Paulo A Lotufo, Wagner Marcenes, Patricia Pereira Vasconcelos Oliveira, Marcel de Moares Pedroso, Antonio L Ribeiro, Maria Inês Schmidt, Renato Azeredo TeixeiraSummaryBackgroundPolitical, economic...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
The objective of the article was to review the beneficial effects of exercise in depression. An electronic search of literature from inception till 06/2017 highlighting the effects of exercise on depression and the possible mechanistic pathways involved was conducted using PubMed/Medline, Google scholar and Scopus and relevant articles were utilized for this review. The results of this review confirmed the beneficial role of exercise in depression as evidenced by the improvement in the outcomes and the various psychobiological parameters measured. Thus exercise can be considered as a treatment option for the management of depression.
Source: Alexandria Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 July 2018Source: American Heart JournalAuthor(s): Nuccia Morici, Fabrizio Oliva, Silvia Ajello, Miriam Stucchi, Alice Sacco, Manlio Gianni Cipriani, Michele De Bonis, Andrea Garascia, Maria Pia Gagliardone, Giulio Melisurgo, Claudio Francesco Russo, Carlo La Vecchia, Maria Frigerio, Federico PappalardoManagement of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) patients presenting with cardiogenic shock (CS) is not straightforward, as few data are available from clinical trials. Stabilization before left ventricle assist device (LVAD) or heart transplantation (HTx) is strongly advocated, as ...
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2018Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 80Author(s): Stephen Gallagher, Monika Pilch, Ailish HanniganAbstractPredictors of depression over time were examined in parental carers of children with developmental disabilities (DD) and parents of typically developing children (controls) who participated in the Growing up in Ireland Study. Parents completed measures of depression, the Centre for Epidemiological Depression Scale (CES-D) and child problem behaviours, the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire when the children were aged 9 (Wave 1) and 13 (Wave 2). Using CES-D cut-off ...
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
Ruud H. Knols, Nicolas Fischer, Dario Kohlbrenner, Anastasios Manettas, Eling D. de Bruin
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
See something of interest? Please share our postings with colleagues in your institutions! Spotlight The MAReport: Check out the Spring 2018 issue of the MAReport newsletter! This quarter, Academic Coordinator Elaina Vitale talked about using evidence-based resources to improve citations on Wikipedia, and her experience with NNLM’s first virtual Wikipedia Edit-a-thon. National Network of Libraries of Medicine News Dementia and Alzheimer’s Services @ Your Library – Midwest Matters, from GMR The next round of PubMed for Librarians begins August 29. Register for any (or all) of the PML classes to learn ...
Source: NN/LM Middle Atlantic Region Blog - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: Weekly Postings Source Type: news
We reported a surge in the use of augmented reality in healthcare at the end of 2016, with the trend continuing in 2017. Notably, Microsoft’s HoloLens was successfully used for spinal surgery applications by a surgical navigation company named ...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Exclusive Source Type: blogs
Medicaid block grants have been a centerpiece of Republican health proposals for more than a decade. Proponents, including House Speaker Paul Ryan (R-WI), argue that giving states a fixed amount of money through a block grant or per-person limit with few strings attached gets Washington out of the way and allows for state innovation. Although the most recent block grant legislation did not reach the Senate floor, proponents have promised to continue to push for it. But one need look no further than the growing health crisis in Puerto Rico to understand why capped federal money and state flexibility will not solve serious h...
Source: Health Affairs Blog - Category: Health Management Authors: Tags: Medicaid and CHIP block grants disaster relief Puerto Rico Source Type: blogs
Author Affiliations open 1Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Environmental Science and Public Health, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China 2Center on Clinical and Epidemiological Eye Research, Affiliated Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China 3Center on the Early Life Origins of Disease, Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA 4Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA 5Channing ...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Life after losing a loved one to vaccines is very painful. With a heavy heart, we share Sebastian Ryan Morley’s story. He was a healthy boy whose life ended after routine vaccinations. Sebastian’s mother and grandmother have worked many years in both the veterinary and human healthcare fields. What they were taught in school led them to believe vaccines were safe, but now they will never vaccinate again. We thank his family for coming forward and sharing very important information the public isn’t usually made aware of. Sebastian’s grandmother, Valerie Murfin, shared: “On December 11, 2002, wh...
Source: vactruth.com - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Augustina Ursino Human Top Stories adverse reactions dtap Hepatitis B vaccine Sebastian Ryan Morley truth about vaccines Vaccine Death vaccine injury VAERS Valerie Murfin Source Type: blogs
More News: Babies | Babies Heart Conditions | Cardiology | Child Development | Children | Disability | Environmental Health | Heart | Heart Transplant | Hospitals | Lung Transplant | Nutrition | Perinatology & Neonatology | Premature Birth | Study