Scientists develop fluid-filled artificial womb to potentially help premature babies

(Reuters) – Scientists in the United States have developed a fluid-filled womb-like bag known as an extra-uterine support device that could transform care for extremely premature babies, significantly improving chances of survival. In pre-clinical studies with lambs, the researchers were able to mimic the womb environment and the functions of the placenta, giving premature offspring a crucial opportunity to develop their lungs and other organs. Around 30,000 babies in the United States alone are born critically early – at between 23 and 26 weeks of gestation, the researchers told reporters in a telephone briefing. At that age, a human baby weighs little more than 500 grams, its lungs are not able to cope with air and its chances of survival are low. Death rates are up to 70% and those who do survive face life-long disability. “These infants have an urgent need for a bridge between the mother’s womb and the outside world,” said Alan Flake, a specialist surgeon at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia who led the development of the new device. His team’s aim, he said, was to develop an extra-uterine system where extremely premature babies can be suspended in fluid-filled chambers for a vital few weeks to bring them over the 28-week threshold, when their life chances are dramatically improved. It could take up to another 10 years, but by then he hopes to have a licensed device in which babies born very prematurely are given the chance ...
Source: Mass Device - Category: Medical Equipment Authors: Tags: Research & Development Source Type: news

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January saw the union launch a campaign to encourage local government pension funds to divest from carbon – in other words, to pull their hard-earned money out of environment-unfriendly businesses. Some £16bn of local government pension funds is invested in fossil fuels and, with five million members in those schemes, the campaign can make an impact. Later that month, the higher education service group conference met in Chester. “We have to stand up for our members’ rights,” delegates agreed – particularly in the face of Brexit. Just over 10% of all university workers come from elsewher...
Source: UNISON meat hygiene - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Article campaigning care workers equal pay equality health care Industrial action local government organising recruiting recruiting and organising success Source Type: news
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Source: Journal of Pediatric Health Care - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Research Methods Source Type: research
AbstractThe foundation of the treatment of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction is a number of pharmacotherapies shown to reduce morbidity and mortality in large randomised multinational clinical trials. These include angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, beta-blockers, mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists, and more recently, a combined angiotensin receptor blocker neprilysin inhibitor, sacubitril/valsartan. In select cases, digoxin, ivabradine and hydralazine with isosorbide dinitrate have a role to play in the treatment of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. On this ...
Source: Drugs and Aging - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
ConclusionWhile age at onset is a factor that cannot be controlled in NMOSD, we can reduce the delay in diagnosis/preventive treatment and reduce future relapses in the brain/brainstem and spinal cord. Delay in diagnosis/preventive treatment and imaging variables that contributed to increased disability support the need for improved measures for early, accurate diagnosis and management of NMOSD, and aggressive treatment of acute relapses.
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
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Source: Mass Device - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Business/Financial News Cardiovascular Research & Development baylabs Edwards Lifesciences Source Type: news
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Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Exclusive Source Type: blogs
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Source: Health Affairs Blog - Category: Health Management Authors: Tags: Medicaid and CHIP block grants disaster relief Puerto Rico Source Type: blogs
Author Affiliations open 1Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Environmental Science and Public Health, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China 2Center on Clinical and Epidemiological Eye Research, Affiliated Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China 3Center on the Early Life Origins of Disease, Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA 4Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA 5Channing ...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
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Source: vactruth.com - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Augustina Ursino Human Top Stories adverse reactions dtap Hepatitis B vaccine Sebastian Ryan Morley truth about vaccines Vaccine Death vaccine injury VAERS Valerie Murfin Source Type: blogs
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