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Scientists develop fluid-filled artificial womb to potentially help premature babies

(Reuters) – Scientists in the United States have developed a fluid-filled womb-like bag known as an extra-uterine support device that could transform care for extremely premature babies, significantly improving chances of survival. In pre-clinical studies with lambs, the researchers were able to mimic the womb environment and the functions of the placenta, giving premature offspring a crucial opportunity to develop their lungs and other organs. Around 30,000 babies in the United States alone are born critically early – at between 23 and 26 weeks of gestation, the researchers told reporters in a telephone briefing. At that age, a human baby weighs little more than 500 grams, its lungs are not able to cope with air and its chances of survival are low. Death rates are up to 70% and those who do survive face life-long disability. “These infants have an urgent need for a bridge between the mother’s womb and the outside world,” said Alan Flake, a specialist surgeon at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia who led the development of the new device. His team’s aim, he said, was to develop an extra-uterine system where extremely premature babies can be suspended in fluid-filled chambers for a vital few weeks to bring them over the 28-week threshold, when their life chances are dramatically improved. It could take up to another 10 years, but by then he hopes to have a licensed device in which babies born very prematurely are given the chance ...
Source: Mass Device - Category: Medical Equipment Authors: Tags: Research & Development Source Type: news

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Spastic peroneal flatfoot (SPFF) is a rare hindfoot pathology usually seen in the adolescent age group that is characterized by painful spasms in the peroneal muscles. We have clinically observed that patients with SPFF also have some behavioral and emotional difficulties and problems in their academic achievements. Because of these observations, we investigated the prevalence and patterns of psychiatric disorders and intellectual disability among young subjects with SPFF. Our cohort consisted of 16 patients with SPFF.
Source: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Hey guys, With the godly D-school prices and the saturation of dentistry I decided to apply for the military scholarship and took this time to learn more about it. One thing that caught my attention is the physical test that is required. I have a muscle conditions that makes thing like climbing up stairs difficult (but definitely doable- myotonia congentia is the condition I speak of ). Can I pass the physical portion of the officer training? What types of things must you do? Will they... Military scholarship for someone with Physical Disability
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Source Type: forums
ConclusionBaricitinib 4  mg was efficacious compared to placebo in US and ROW subpopulations. Safety was similar between subgroups.FundingEli Lilly&Company and Incyte Corporation.Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov identifiers, NCT01721057; NCT01710358.
Source: Rheumatology and Therapy - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo report the standard of care, latest advances, interesting new findings, and controversies about the treatment of Bell ’s palsy in the acute phase.Recent FindingsTreatment with prednisolone alone within 72  h still is the treatment standard. The role of antivirals still is unclear. Since 2009, no trials with influence on the treatment standards have been performed. A study to clarify the role of prednisolone treatment in children is ongoing. Patient-related outcome measures like the Facial Clinimetri c Evaluation Scale and the Facial Disability Index are important tools to assess the q...
Source: Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionACs after LDLLT, limited to bronchial stenosis, require significantly earlier treatment and have a greater adverse impact on survival than ACs after CLT.
Source: Surgery Today - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionThe economic costs of MS impose a heavy burden on the patients and their families. Supplementing the information on the cost of MS to society, our finding should be included as background information in decisions on reimbursing and allocating public resources for the well-being of MS patients and their families.
Source: The European Journal of Health Economics - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
We reported a surge in the use of augmented reality in healthcare at the end of 2016, with the trend continuing in 2017. Notably, Microsoft’s HoloLens was successfully used for spinal surgery applications by a surgical navigation company named ...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Exclusive Source Type: blogs
Medicaid block grants have been a centerpiece of Republican health proposals for more than a decade. Proponents, including House Speaker Paul Ryan (R-WI), argue that giving states a fixed amount of money through a block grant or per-person limit with few strings attached gets Washington out of the way and allows for state innovation. Although the most recent block grant legislation did not reach the Senate floor, proponents have promised to continue to push for it. But one need look no further than the growing health crisis in Puerto Rico to understand why capped federal money and state flexibility will not solve serious h...
Source: Health Affairs Blog - Category: Health Management Authors: Tags: Medicaid and CHIP block grants disaster relief Puerto Rico Source Type: blogs
Author Affiliations open 1Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Environmental Science and Public Health, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China 2Center on Clinical and Epidemiological Eye Research, Affiliated Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China 3Center on the Early Life Origins of Disease, Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA 4Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA 5Channing ...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Life after losing a loved one to vaccines is very painful. With a heavy heart, we share Sebastian Ryan Morley’s story. He was a healthy boy whose life ended after routine vaccinations. Sebastian’s mother and grandmother have worked many years in both the veterinary and human healthcare fields. What they were taught in school led them to believe vaccines were safe, but now they will never vaccinate again. We thank his family for coming forward and sharing very important information the public isn’t usually made aware of. Sebastian’s grandmother, Valerie Murfin, shared: “On December 11, 2002, wh...
Source: vactruth.com - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Augustina Ursino Human Top Stories adverse reactions dtap Hepatitis B vaccine Sebastian Ryan Morley truth about vaccines Vaccine Death vaccine injury VAERS Valerie Murfin Source Type: blogs
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