Why vaccines are important for our country ’s financial health, too

Follow me on Twitter @drClaire Imagine there was a simple treatment that could be given to babies and toddlers that was not only remarkably effective in preventing illness, but also inexpensive. And imagine that this treatment was not only inexpensive, but also lowered overall health care costs. There’s no need to imagine; the treatment exists. It’s called immunization. It’s National Infant Immunization Week, a time to recognize and celebrate immunization. It’s during infancy that we give the most vaccines, but the benefits extend far beyond infancy and beyond those babies. The protection lasts for years, keeping babies safe from vaccine-preventable illnesses as they grow — and, by decreasing the number of sick children who might make others sick, vaccines protect entire communities. But one aspect of immunization that doesn’t get as much attention is the impact they can have on health care costs. Given that national health expenditures were 17.8% of the Gross Domestic Product in 2015 (nearly $10,000 per person) and are expected to rise more than 5% a year through 2025, we need to pay attention to anything that cuts costs — especially when it cuts costs by preventing illness. The current recommended immunization schedule calls for babies to get the following vaccines by about 18 months of age (some of these are given as combination vaccines): Four doses of vaccines against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, Haemophilus influenzae, and p...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Children's Health Health policy Infectious diseases Managing your health care Parenting Prevention Vaccines Source Type: blogs

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Conclusions Despite a limited number of patients, a male predominance and late-onset psoriasis were frequently observed. Although interferon therapy for HCV can exacerbate psoriasis, it is not contraindicated. All conventional treatments and anti-TNFs can be used, provided that there is strict collaboration with hepatologists. PMID: 31418622 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Dermatological Treatment - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Dermatolog Treat Source Type: research
Conclusion: Uveitis episodes happened more frequently under rainy and windy conditions. Most factors were not significantly correlated to attacks. PMID: 31418617 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
Authors: Hon KL, Leung AKC, Leung K, Chan GCF PMID: 31416996 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Hong Kong Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Hong Kong Med J Source Type: research
Authors: Chavez-Tapia N PMID: 31416707 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2019Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 105Author(s): Rebeca T. Steipel, Matthew D. Gallovic, Cole J. Batty, Eric M. Bachelder, Kristy M. AinslieAbstractAlso known as electrospray, electrohydrodynamic atomization has been used extensively in the last 15 years to develop polymer-based particles for drug delivery in cell and animal models. More recently, novel core-shell, multi-axial, and other electrospray particles have been developed from an array of polymers for a variety of biomedical applications. This review focuses on electrospray as a novel method of particle fabrication...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2019Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): A. Skalnaya, V. Fominykh, R. Ivashchenko, D. Averchenkov, L. Grazhdantseva, N. Frigo, E. Negasheva, O. Dolya, L. Brylev, A. GuekhtAbstractThe term of neurosyphilis (NS) refers to infection of central nervous system by Treponema pallidum. Classically, it has been divided into early (meningitis, meningovascular) and late forms (general paresis and tabes dorsalis). The availability of penicillin and high sensitivity of Treponema pallidum to this antibiotic has led to a widely held perception about rarity of syphilitic forms wit...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2019Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Volume 188Author(s): Felicia W. Chu, Kristy vanMarle, Mary K. Hoard, Lara Nugent, John E. Scofield, David C. GearyAbstractIn a preschool through first grade longitudinal study, we identified groups of children with persistently low mathematics achievement (n = 14) and children with low achievement in preschool but average achievement in first grade (n = 23). The preschool quantitative developments of these respective groups of children with mathematical learning disability (MLD) and recovered children and a group of typically achieving...
Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
In this study, 13-15-months-old Holstein-Friesian steers were immunised with a subunit vaccine as a prime and a modified vaccinia Ankara vector as a boost, both expressing a chimeric multi-antigen (rMABbo – rMVA). This antigen includes the immunodominant B and T cell epitopes of three B. bovis proteins: merozoite surface antigen - 2c (MSA - 2c), rhoptry associated protein 1 (RAP - 1) and heat shock protein 20 (HSP20). Responses were compared with the Babesia bovis live attenuated vaccine used in Argentina (R1A). Eleven weeks after the first immunisation, all bovines were challenged by the inoculation of a virulent B....
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to elucidate the specific amino acids contributing to S2 epitopes. Site mutagenesis and peptide-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) showed that 16R in S2 protein was a key amino acid mediating the antigenicity of S2 protein. S2-derived peptides with 16R, but not those with 16 K, could react with sera against different types of IBVs. Notably, a commercial ELISA kit for detection of antibodies against IBV did not react with sera against all types of IBVs. Taken together, these data demonstrated that S2-derived peptides with 16R could be used as novel marker-based antigens for deve...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
In this report, considering also the literature information, a case of G.sanguinis which is thought to cause meningitis was presented. Our case is a 39-year-old female patient with a lumboperitoneal shunt. The patient was admitted to the neurosurgery clinic with a headache and vision loss and was hospitalized in the service with a pre-diagnosis of pseudotumor cerebri. Neurological examination revealed no pathological findings. Eye examination revealed mild papillary edema, local retinal hemorrhage, and bilateral expansion in retinal vascularization. There was no pathologic findings in the brain magnetic resonance imaging. ...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
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