The Temporospatial Role of Microcirculatory Dysfunction in the Prediction of Ischemia or Infarction in Patients with Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhages (P2.281)

Conclusions:This ongoing study suggests that patients with low mean minimal pulsatility index had poor functional outcomes relative to patients that had higher mean pulsatility index.Study Supported by: This work was supported in part by a grant from the McKnight Brain Research Foundation, Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Trust Fund, a grant from NIH National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, a Medical Student Anesthesia Research Fellowship awarded by the Foundation for Anesthesiology Education and Research, a grant from the Medical Student Research Program at the University of Florida, and the Department of Anesthesiology.Disclosure: Dr. Zamora has nothing to disclose. Dr. Gupta has nothing to disclose. Dr. Leclerc has nothing to disclose. Dr. Vasilopoulos has nothing to disclose. Dr. Dore has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Intracranial Aneurysm, and Other Cerebrovascular Malformations Source Type: research

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ConclusionsPrognostication in neurocritical care is important, and current prognostic models are limited. This gap analysis provides a summary assessment of issues that could be addressed in future studies and evidence-based guidelines in order to improve the process of prognostication.
Source: Neurocritical Care - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Gangliosides are cell membrane components, most abundantly in the central nervous system where they exert among others neuro-protective and -restorative functions. Clinical development of ganglioside replacement therapy for several neurodegenerative diseases was impeded by the BSE crisis in Europe during the 1990s. Nowadays, gangliosides are produced bovine-free and new pre-clinical and clinical data justify a reevaluation of their therapeutic potential in neurodegenerative diseases. Clinical experience is greatest with monosialo-tetrahexosyl-ganglioside (GM1) in the treatment of stroke. Fourteen randomized controlled tria...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Shanshan Zhang1, Dongli Yuan2 and Ge Tan1* 1Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China 2The Institute of Medical Information, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China Primary systemic vasculitis can affect every structure in both the central and peripheral nervous system, causing varied neurological manifestations of neurological dysfunction. Early recognition of the underlying causes of the neurological symptoms can facilitate timely treatment and improve the prognosis. This review highlights the clinical manifestations of primary systemic vasc...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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Source: Pharmacotherapy: The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: SI on Prevention Strategies in the Critically Ill Source Type: research
Hypothermia is increasingly tested in several neurological conditions, such as neonatal encephalopathy, stroke, traumatic brain injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage, spinal cord injury, and neurological outcomes of...
Source: Journal of Neuroinflammation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Short report Source Type: research
Conclusions: The current findings indicate that MST1 participates in SAH-induced BBB disruption and white matter fiber damage via the downstream NF-κB-MMP-9 signaling pathway. Therefore, MST1 antagonists may serve as a novel therapeutic target to prevent early brain injury in SAH patients. PMID: 30018671 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Behavioural Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 December 2016 Source:Progress in Neurobiology Author(s): Daniela Giuliani, Alessandra Ottani, Laura Neri, Davide Zaffe, Paolo Grieco, Jerzy Jochem, Gian Maria Cavallini, Anna Catania, Salvatore Guarini Melanocortin peptides induce neuroprotection in acute and chronic experimental neurodegenerative conditions. Melanocortins likewise counteract systemic responses to brain injuries. Furthermore, they promote neurogenesis by activating critical signaling pathways. Melanocortin-induced long-lasting improvement in synaptic activity and neurological performance, including learning and memory,...
Source: Progress in Neurobiology - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Objective To use an unbiased method to test a previously reported association between cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) embolisation and the subsequent development of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Methods A hospital record linkage database was used to create cohorts of individuals coded as having cerebral and peripheral vessel AVMs, stroke (separately for haemorrhagic and ischaemic), transient ischaemic attack (TIA) and subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). The rate ratio for subsequent ALS was compared to a reference cohort. Results An increased rate ratio for ALS was found in relation to prior AVM (2.69; p=0.0...
Source: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Open access, Genetics, Drugs: CNS (not psychiatric), Motor neurone disease, Neuromuscular disease, Spinal cord, Stroke Neurodegeneration Source Type: research
Abstract Acute brain and spinal cord injuries affect hundreds of thousands of people worldwide. Though advances in pre-hospital and emergency and neurocritical care have improved the survival of some to these devastating diseases, very few clinical trials of potential neuro-protective strategies have produced promising results. Medical therapies such as targeted temperature management (TTM) have been trialed in traumatic brain injury (TBI), spinal cord injury (SCI), acute ischemic stroke (AIS), subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), but in no study has a meaningful effect on outcome bee...
Source: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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