Persistence of secondary prevention medication and related factors for acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack in China.

CONCLUSIONS: More than half of patients with AIS and TIA reported discontinuing one or more secondary prevention medications within 3 months of hospital discharge. Several factors associated with medication persistence were identified. Here, we propose strategies that could be implemented to improve the quality of secondary prevention. PMID: 28420316 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurological Research - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research

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Giuseppe Ristagno1*, Francesca Fumagalli1, Barbara Bottazzi2, Alberto Mantovani2,3,4, Davide Olivari1, Deborah Novelli1 and Roberto Latini1 1Department of Cardiovascular Research, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research IRCCS, Milan, Italy 2Humanitas Clinical and Research Center-IRCCS, Milan, Italy 3Humanitas University, Milan, Italy 4The William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom The long pentraxin PTX3 is a member of the pentraxin family produced locally by stromal and myeloid cells in response to proinflammatory signals and microbial moieties. The p...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Embolism associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis shows circadian variation with highest rates 4–6 h before midday. This corresponds with peak circadian incidence of stroke and other vascular complications. These and ASED Study results show that monitoring frequency, duration, and time of day are important in ES detection. Introduction Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detected microembolism in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) may help stratify the risk of stroke and other arterial disease complications in persons with advanced (≥60%) asymptomatic carotid stenosis. If so, this techniqu...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Reducing residual cardiovascular risk in patients treated with statins and having hypertriglyceridemia was addressed by Reduction of Cardiovascular Events with Icosapent Ethyl–Intervention Trial (REDUCE-IT) [1]. REDUCE-IT was a double blind placebo controlled multicenter randomized trial. Patients with established cardiovascular disease or diabetes mellitus with other risk factors treated with statins were evaluated. At study inclusion they needed to have fasting triglyceride levels between 135 and 499 mg/dL and LDL cholesterol level 41 to 100 mg/dL. They were randomized to either 2 g of icosapent ethyl twice ...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiology Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: Approximately one-third of patients with ocular ischaemia had ≥3 vascular risk factors with recurrences higher in these patients. Yet only half of those with previous ischaemic ocular events were on antiplatelets or statins. These patients should be investigated and treated as aggressively as other forms of TIA or stroke.Cerebrovasc Dis 2018;45:228 –235
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study aims to evaluate adherence to lipid-lowering therapy (LLT) guidelines amongst patients with ischaemic stroke/TIA.MethodsUsing hot and cold pursuit methods from multiple hospital/community sources, all stroke and TIA cases in North Dublin City were prospectively ascertained over a 1-year period. Adherence to National Cholesterol Education Programme (NCEP) III guidelines, before and after index ischaemic stroke/TIA, was assessed.ResultsAmongst 616 patients (428 ischaemic stroke, 188 TIA), total cholesterol was measured following the qualifying event in 76.5% (471/616) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in 60.1% (37...
Source: Irish Journal of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2017 Source:Canadian Journal of Cardiology, Volume 33, Issue 12 Author(s): Lena Rivard, Paul Khairy Atrial fibrillation (AF) and dementia are major health issues, with growing evidence suggesting a consistent association between AF and all forms of dementia. Although dementia and AF share several risk factors, the association appears to be independent of a history of clinical stroke and other comorbidities such as hypertension, heart failure, and diabetes. Proposed mechanisms linking AF to cognitive decline include altered hemodynamics resulting in cerebral hypoperfusion, inflammation, genetic f...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Time limit: 0 Quiz-summary 0 of 20 questions completed Questions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Information This test series requires login for attempting. You can login easily with your Facebook account (Use the CONNECT WITH icon on the upper part of right sidebar displaying t...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: General Cardiology Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: Oral anticoagulation was significantly underused in NVAF patients in China. Age, sex, concurrent drug usage and disease history were associated factors. Improving warfarin adherence was promising to reduce ischemic stroke risk of NVAF patients. PMID: 29022745 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
Conclusions -The addition of ezetimibe to simvastatin in patients stabilized after ACS reduces the frequency of ischemic stroke, with a particularly large effect seen in patients with a prior stroke. Clinical Trial Registration -URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov Unique Identifier: NCT00202878. PMID: 28972004 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research
Opinion statementOptimal diagnosis and management of stroke in young adults benefit from a multidisciplinary team, including a vascular neurology specialist. In addition to the “standard” vascular risk factors including smoking, hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia, one needs to consider alternative etiologies including substance abuse, carotid/vertebral artery dissections, and rare genetic conditions among others. Once a young patient is determined to have had a stroke, the next question a clinician should ask iswhy did this patient have a stroke? A “heart to head” diagnostic approach is reco...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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