Opioid Use Common Even After Minor Surgery

This study shows that new chronic opioid use after surgery may be one of the most common complications after surgery,” said lead study author Dr. Chad Brummett of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. “Given that the rates of new chronic use did not differ between major and minor surgery, this suggests that patients continue to use their opioids for reasons other than the pain from the surgery,” Brummett added by email. Addressing patients’ acute pain during their recovery from surgery may be a way to prevent them from becoming a statistic in the opioid epidemic, he suggested. About 50 million people have surgery that doesn’t require an overnight hospital stay each year. The new findings suggest that more than 2 million people may become chronic opioid users after these operations, researchers note in JAMA Surgery. Adding inpatient procedures might make the tally of post-operative chronic opioid users even higher. For the study, researchers examined insurance claims data from 2013 to 2014 for about 36,000 adults ages 18 to 64 who had not used opioids in the previous year, at least until the month prior to surgery. About four in five patients had minor surgical procedures for things like removing varicose veins or hemorrhoids or treating carpal tunnel syndrome. Roughly one in five had major operations like weight-loss surgery, hernia repair or hysterectomies. Patients commonly need pain relief in the days or weeks after surgery. Researchers def...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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We describe the most highly recommended generic and disease-specific PRO tools in SCD and discuss the challenges of incorporating them in clinical practice. EXPERT OPINION: PRO measures are essential to incorporate into SCD clinical trials either as primary or secondary outcomes. The use of PRO measures in SCD facilitates a patient-centered approach, which is likely to lead to improved outcomes. Significant challenges remain in adapting PRO tools to routine clinical use and in developing countries. PMID: 33034214 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Review of Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Expert Rev Hematol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Meta GeneAuthor(s): Mansour Zamanpoor, Hamid Ghaedi, Mir Davood Omrani
Source: Meta Gene - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic DisordersAuthor(s): Xiangtao Li, Huan Zhang, Luyuan Niu, Yaping Feng, Xiaoyun Luo, Changming Zhang, Fuxian Zhang
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Currently in fellowship doing bread/butter procedures (MBB, epidurals, PNB, few SCS/PNS trials, etc.) and just interviewed at a private practice spot where they do a lot of procedures that I will have not done any training in prior to graduating (e.g. IT pump, SI fusion, Vertiflex, Kypho, MILD, Discectomy, lots of SCS/PNS trials etc) and significant amount of "OR pain procedures" at a very busy practice seeing 30-40 pts/day - how many of you are commonly performing these procedures and are... private practice concern
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Pain Medicine Source Type: forums
CONCLUSIONS: Considering the low number of university students disclosing sexual assaults to health professionals or support services, the results of this survey suggest more work is needed to facilitate greater disclosures to health professionals enabling victims to access the services they need regardless of alcohol use. PMID: 33032303 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Conclusions: The study ’s findings support the efficacy of tube weaning based on the published “Graz model of tube weaning” for children born with EA/TEF and indicate the necessity of specialized tube weaning programs for these patients.What is Known:• Children with esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula often suffer from feeding problems and tube dependency.• Different tube weaning programs and outcomes have been published, but not specifically for children with EA.What is New:• Evaluation of a large sample of children referred for tube weaning after EA repair.• Most children wi...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2020Source: Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 75Author(s): Jian Zhang, Xiaohang Fu, Wenhui Li, He Li, Zhiwei Ying, Xinqi Liu, Liduan Yin
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Publication date: October 2020Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, Volume 89Author(s): E.K. Grantham, A.S. Warden, G.S. McCarthy, A. DaCosta, S. Mason, Y. Blednov, R.D. Mayfield, R.A. Harris
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2020Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, Volume 89Author(s): Fernando Lopes, Fernando A. Vicentini, Nina L. Cluny, Alexander J. Mathews, Benjamin H. Lee, Wagdi A. Almishri, Lateece Griffin, William Gonçalves, Vanessa Pinho, Derek M. McKay, Simon A. Hirota, Mark G. Swain, Quentin J. Pittman, Keith A. Sharkey
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Ebrahimi-Zadehlou P, Najafpour A, Mohammadi R Abstract PURPOSE: It is compulsory to make a tension-free, end-to-end repair in transected injuries. However, when it comes to longer defects, placement of an autograft or nerve conduits is required. The present study was designed to assess regenerative potential of silymarin nanoparticles loaded into chitosan conduit on peripheral nerve regeneration in a transected sciatic nerve model in rat. METHODS: In NML group left sciatic nerve was exposed through a gluteal muscle incision and after careful hemostasis skin was closed. In TSC group left sciatic nerve w...
Source: Neurological Research - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research
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