Next: Will brain sensors be able to infer the mental state of a person –and, for example, identify sarcasm in a message?

-– Illustrative image from U.S. Patent No. 8,082,215 Today we highlight a thought-provoking patent by Intellectual Ventures. (As mentioned, we are featuring foundational Pervasive Neurotech patents–from older to newer by issue date–to gain a glimpse into future applications) U.S. Patent No. 8,082,215: Acquisition and particular association of inference data indicative of inferred mental states of authoring users Assignee(s): The Invention Science Fund I, LLC (Intellectual Ventures) Inventor(s): Edward K. Y. Jung, Eric C. Leuthardt, Royce A. Levien, Robert W. Lord, Mark A. Malamud, John D. Rinaldo, Jr., Lowell L. Wood, JR. Technology Category: Neuro-monitoring Issue Date: December 20, 2011 SharpBrains’ Take: Focused on evaluating the mental state of a message’s author, the ‘215 patent describes some interesting aspects of neurotechnology that make the patent noteworthy. Electronic communication has become pervasive in society, but the intent of the message may be “lost” in  transmission, for example when an email or text recipient interprets a message as literal despite the sender’s intent of sarcasm. The ‘215 patent describes a method for inferring data, for example through EEG or fMRI sensors, associated with the mental state of an author of an electronic message and identifying a congruity (or incongruity) between that mental state and inferred mental state from the communication itself. The b...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Technology brain data brain sensors EEG fMRI Intellectual Ventures mental states neuro-monitoring neuro-technology patent The Invention Science Fund Source Type: blogs

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CONCLUSION: Prevalence of antibiotic use was high not only versus other hospitals in the region but globally including Africa, coupled with significant evidence of sub-optimal prescribing. Swift action is needed to improve future prescribing to reduce AMR. One or two areas should initially be targeted for quality improvement including development of local guidelines, documentation of antibiotic indications and/or stop/review dates. PMID: 33034234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Rombauts A, Abelenda-Alonso G, Cuervo G, Gudiol C, Carratalà J Abstract INTRODUCTION: Despite adequate antibiotic coverage, community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a leading cause of hospitalization and mortality worldwide. It induces both a local pulmonary and a systemic inflammatory response, particularly significant in severe cases. The intensity of the dysregulated host response varies from patient to patient and has a negative impact on survival and other outcomes. AREAS COVERED: This comprehensive review summarizes the pathophysiological aspects of the inflammatory response in CAP, brie...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Hammerschlag MR, Sharma R Abstract INTRODUCTION: Azithromycin was recommended as the first-line therapeutic regimen for treatment of genital infections in men and women by the Centers for Disease Control in 1998. A series of studies of azithromycin for treatment of rectal chlamydial infection in men who have sex with men (MSM) found that azithromycin was significantly less effective than doxycycline. AREAS COVERED: Literature on treatment of rectal C. trachomatis from 2000 through May 2020 was searched using PubMed. Retrospective and observational studies were identified documenting the frequency and t...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Reissier S, Cattoir V Abstract INTRODUCTION: Streptogramins (pristinamycin and quinupristin-dalfopristin) can be interesting options for the treatment of infections due to Gram-positive cocci, especially multidrug-resistant isolates. AREAS COVERED: This review provides an updated overview on structural and activity characteristics, mechanisms of action and resistance, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic and clinical use of streptogramins. EXPERT OPINION: The streptogramin antibiotics act by inhibition of the bacterial protein synthesis. They are composed of two chemically distinct compounds, namely typ...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part BAuthor(s): Ping He, Yi Zhang, Xinyi Zhao, Jie Wei, Tianhong Xu, Jiang Wu, Naichao Chen
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part AAuthor(s): Cheng Han, Yinping Zhang, Marc Redmile-Gordon, Huan Deng, Zhenggui Gu, Qiguo Zhao, Fang Wang
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part AAuthor(s): Taesik Go, Jihwan Kim, Sang Joon Lee
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part AAuthor(s): Daeeun Kwon, Woobin Bae, Jeonghwan Kim
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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