The transcription factor MAFK induces EMT and malignant progression of triple-negative breast cancer cells through its target GPNMB

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is particularly aggressive and difficult to treat. For example, the transforming growth factor–β (TGF-β) pathway is implicated in TNBC progression and metastasis, but its opposing role in tumor suppression in healthy tissues and early-stage lesions makes it a challenging target. Therefore, additional molecular characterization of TNBC may lead to improved patient prognosis by informing the development and optimum use of targeted therapies. We found that musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma (MAF) oncogene family protein K (MAFK), a member of the small MAF family of transcription factors that are induced by the TGF-β pathway, was abundant in human TNBC and aggressive mouse mammary tumor cell lines. MAFK promoted tumorigenic growth and metastasis by 4T1 cells when implanted subcutaneously in mice. Overexpression of MAFK in mouse breast epithelial NMuMG cells induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) phenotypes and promoted tumor formation and invasion in mice. MAFK induced the expression of the gene encoding the transmembrane glycoprotein nmb (GPNMB). Similar to MAFK, GPNMB overexpression in NMuMG cells induced EMT, tumor formation, and invasion, in mice, whereas knockdown of MAFK in tumor cells before implantation suppressed tumor growth and progression. MAFK and GPNMB expression correlated with poor prognosis in TNBC patients. These findings suggest that MAFK and its target gene GPNMB play important roles in the malign...
Source: Signal Transduction Knowledge Environment - Category: Science Authors: Tags: STKE Research Articles Source Type: news

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AbstractAccurate staging and re-staging of cancer in children is crucial for patient management. Currently, children with a newly diagnosed cancer must undergo a series of imaging tests, which are stressful, time-consuming, partially redundant, expensive, and can require repetitive anesthesia. New approaches for pediatric cancer staging can evaluate the primary tumor and metastases in a single session. However, traditional one-stop imaging tests, such as CT and positron emission tomography (PET)/CT, are associated with considerable radiation exposure. This is particularly concerning for children because they are more sensi...
Source: Pediatric Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medical Students (MD) Source Type: forums
ConclusionsOur study confirms and extends our knowledge on the tyrosine kinase inhibitors effects on thyroid, showing that thyroid autoimmunity is frequently observed in chronic myeloid leukemia patients on long-term therapy and is associated with a better oncological response.
Source: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Breast carcinosarcoma is a rare subtype of metaplastic breast cancer. It is characterised by large tumour size, higher rates of axillary nodal involvement, higher rates of both local and distant recurrence, and is difficult to diagnose with preoperative core needle biopsies. Adjuvant treatment after surgical operation may improve the five-year OS of patients with breast carcinosarcoma. PMID: 31820860 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Polish Journal of Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Pol J Pathol Source Type: research
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Source: Familial Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Gulcin Tezcan1, Ekaterina V. Martynova1, Zarema E. Gilazieva1, Alan McIntyre2, Albert A. Rizvanov1 and Svetlana F. Khaiboullina1,3* 1Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia 2Centre for Cancer Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom 3Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Nevada, Reno, Reno, NV, United States Inflammation has a crucial role in protection against various pathogens. The inflammasome is an intracellular multiprotein signaling complex that is linked to pathogen sensing and...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Toxicology - Category: Toxicology Authors: Tags: Toxicology Source Type: research
Abstract Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is particularly aggressive and difficult to treat. For example, the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) pathway is implicated in TNBC progression and metastasis, but its opposing role in tumor suppression in healthy tissues and early-stage lesions makes it a challenging target. Therefore, additional molecular characterization of TNBC may lead to improved patient prognosis by informing the development and optimum use of targeted therapies. We found that musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma (MAF) oncogene family protein K (MAFK), a member of the small MAF family of...
Source: Science Signaling - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Sci Signal Source Type: research
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Source: Cancer Control - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: BMC Cancer Source Type: research
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