Tracheobroncopathia osteochondroplastica: Three case reports with literature review
T Aktas, F Aktas, Z Ozmen, N Yaşayancan, A ArıcıNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(4):495-497Tracheobroncopathia osteochondroplastica (TO) is a benign disease of the large airways seen very rarely. It is characterized by 1-3 mm sized ossified nodular lesions in submucosa. Its etiology is unclear, but it is stated that malignancy, chronic inflammation, amyloidosis, and genetic factors might have an effect on it. It was first described by Wilks in a 38-year-old man diagnosed with tuberculosis in 1857. Generally, patients are asymptomatic and TO is diagnosed incidentally. But symptoms become significant with infections and obstruction in tracheabronchial tree. Generally chest radiography is normal, so thorax computed tomography can be remarkable in diagnosis of TO. Besides, final diagnosis can be established by viewing ossified nodules in trachea and bronchus through the fiberoptic bronchoscopy. Amyloidosis, tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, bronchial carcinoma, and tracheobronchial calcinosis must be remembered in differential diagnosis. Also ossifications in submucosa and proof of bone marrow in histopathological examinations are important in diagnosis of TO. Mostly palliative treatment is performed to the symptoms . We want the clinicians to keep in mind for this very rarely seen tracheal disease with three case reports.
Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that the aberrant expression of CDCA gene family members plays an indispensable role in tumorigenesis. PMID: 31955607 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
[East African] The Global Fund, the body that finances the world's HIV, tuberculosis (TB) and malaria programmes, has given Kenya Ksh42 billion ($420 million) to cover the intervening years to 2024.
75 years old patient, with controlled diabetes and hypertension, very fit. he underwent in 2009, a radical prostatectomy followed 30 fractions of adjuvant 3D conformal radiation therapy to the prostatic bed only. in 2018: PSA rise to 2.16 2019: PSA 2.16 Pet PSMA showed a 7 mm LN at the level of L4-5 secondary lesion, with no recurrence in the tumor bed, neither in bone or other LNs. He was put on decapeptyl + casodex. please vote the poll
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: International Journal of PaleopathologyAuthor(s): Elizabeth A. Nelson, Jane E. Buikstra, Alexander Herbig, Tiffiny A. Tung, Kirsten I. BosAbstractAndean paleopathological research has significantly enhanced knowledge about the geographical distribution and evolution of tuberculosis (TB) in pre-Columbian South America. In this paper, we review the history and progress of research on ancient tuberculosis (TB) in the Andean region, focusing on the strengths and limitations of current approaches for the molecular detection of ancient pathogens, with special attention to...
Discussion and conclusions: AMK induced benign or malignant gastric tumours depends on the period of AMK administration. Genes including Mapk13, Nme1, Gsta4, Gstm1, Jun, Mgst2, Ggt6, Gpx2, Gpx8, Calml3, Rasgrp2, Cd44, Gsr, Dgkb, Rras, Amt, Pik3cb, Plcb3, Tp53, Hras, Myc, Src, Akt1, Gnai3, Fgfr3, PDE2a, and PDE3a were found to be critical in aristolochic acid-induced gastric tumour process. PMID: 31957525 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusions: We provided evidence that ARID2 knockout could contribute to disruption of NER process through inhibiting the recruitment of XPG, resulting in susceptibility to carcinogens and potential hypermutation. These findings have far-reaching implications for therapeutic targets in cancers harboring ARID2 mutations.
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Journal of Critical CareAuthor(s): Leonardo Lorente, María M. Martín, Antonia Pérez-Cejas, Agustín F. González-Rivero, Mónica Argueso, Luis Ramos, Jordi Solé-Violán, Juan J. Cáceres, Alejandro Jiménez, Victor García-MarínAbstractPurposePreviously our team found higher serum substance P concentrations at day 1 of a malignant middle cerebral artery infarction (MMCAI) in non-surviving than in surviving patients. Thus, the objective of this study was to determine whether serum substance ...
Authors: Park CH, Kim MJ, Yang CY, Yokozawa T, Shin YS Abstract Safflower seed is effective against oxidative stress, mediating the activation of the apoptotic signaling pathway in the renal tissues of cisplatin-treated mice. The anticancer activity of safflower in various cancer cell lines has also been reported. The present study was conducted to evaluate the potential synergistic anticancer effects of the co-treatment of safflower seed extracts and cisplatin in RKO cells and in BALB/c mice bearing RKO cell-derived human colorectal tumors. In the cellular system, RKO cells were treated with safflower seed extract...