Study of Doxorubicin and Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) and Intraoperative Brachytherapy for Unresectable or Refractory Pelvic and Abdominal Rhabdomyosarcoma and Undifferentiated Sarcomas in Children
Conditions: Malignant Neoplasms of Mesothelial and Soft Tissue; Rhabdomyosarcoma, Pelvic; Rhabdomyosarcoma, Abdominal Interventions: Procedure: Abdominal Surgery; Drug: Doxorubicin; Radiation: Intra-Operative Radiation Sponsor: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Not yet recruiting - verified April 2017
This study aims to assess perilipins expression in subtypes of liposarcoma and various non-lipomatous sarcomas.Methods: A large set of 245 soft tissue sarcoma paraffin-embedded samples including 66 liposarcomas and 179 non-lipomatous sarcomas were collected for tissue microarray and immunohistochemistry to assess perilipins expression.Results: PLIN1 expression was shown in most liposarcomas (41/66) and was absent in non-lipomatous sarcomas (0/179). PLIN4 expression was shown in some liposarcomas (21/66) and was almost negative in non-lipomatous sarcomas (2/179). PLIN1 and PLIN4 expressions in liposarcoma were higher (both P
CONCLUSIONS: Our work in STS revealed an immunosuppressive TME dominated by myeloid cells, which may be overcome with activation of T-cells that traffic into the tumor. In RMS, targeting T-cells found within TLS may be key to achieve anti-tumor response. PMID: 32332015 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
a Renata Veselska Serial xenotransplantation of sorted cancer cells in immunodeficient mice remains the most complex test of cancer stem cell (CSC) phenotype. However, we have demonstrated in various sarcomas that putative CSC surface markers fail to identify CSCs, thereby impeding the isolation of CSCs for subsequent analyses. Here, we utilized serial xenotransplantation of unsorted rhabdomyosarcoma cells in NOD/SCID gamma (NSG) mice as a proof-of-principle platform to investigate the molecular signature of CSCs. Indeed, serial xenotransplantation steadily enriched for rhabdomyosarcoma stem-like cells characterized ...
AbstractEwing sarcoma (ES) and Ewing-like sarcomas are highly aggressive round cell mesenchymal neoplasms, most often occurring in children and young adults. The identification of novel molecular alterations has greatly contributed to a profound reappraisal of classification, to the extent that the category of undifferentiated round cell sarcoma has significantly shrunk. In fact, in addition to Ewing sarcoma, we currently recognize three main categories: round cell sarcomas withEWSR1 gene fusion with non-ETS family members,CIC-rearranged sarcomas, andBCOR-rearranged sarcomas. Interestingly, despite significant morphologic ...
AbstractMalignant hepatic tumors in children are rare, comprising 1.3% of all pediatric malignancies. Following hepatoblastoma, hepatocellular carcinoma is the second most common. Other malignant hepatic tumors seen in childhood include those of mesenchymal origin including undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma, angiosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma and epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, as well as biliary tumors such as cholangiocarcinoma. Diagnosis can be challenging because of their rarity, and the recognition of distinctive imaging features for certain tumors such as epithelioid hemangioendothelioma and biliary rhabdomyosarcoma c...
ConclusionWhen true laryngeal sarcomas do exist, they may prove to be challenging lesions both for the pathologist and the treating clinician. The diagnostic problems are mainly a result of the infrequent exposure of clinicians and diagnosticians to these lesions.
This article discusses their clinical relevance, recent insights into their molecular biology, and the most important differential diagnoses. Regarding the latter, immunohistochemistry and (increasingly) molecular diagnostics play a role in the diagnostic workup. We conclude with a few considerations on intraoperative consultation and macroscopic examination, as well as pathologic staging and grading of uterine sarcomas as per the most recent American Joint Cancer Commission and the F édération Internationale de Gynécologie et d’Obstétrique staging systems.
ConclusionsOur findings support the concept that AFX and PDS belong to a common tumor spectrum. We could demonstrate the diagnostic value of DNA-methylation profiling to delineating AFX/PDS from potential mimics. However, the assessment of certain histologic features remains crucial for separating PDS from AFX.
ConclusionsPET –CT in high-grade bone and soft tissue sarcoma can add significant benefit to routine CT/MRI staging. Further prospective and multi-centre evaluation of PET–CT is warranted to determine the actual predictive value and cost-effectiveness of PET–CT in directing clinical management of clinically complex and heterogeneous high-grade sarcomas.
This study showed that calcium electroporation is tolerated significantly better in normal muscle cells than sarcoma cells and as an inexpensive and simple cancer treatment this could potentially be used in connection with sarcoma surgery for local treatment. PMID: 29545923 [PubMed]