Enhancing the toolbox to study IL-17A in cattle and sheep

AbstractThe development of methods to detect cytokine expression by T cell subsets in ruminants is fundamental to strategic development of new livestock vaccines for prevention of infectious diseases. It has been possible to detect T cell expression of IFN- γ, IL-4 and IL-10 in ruminants for many years but methods to detect expression of IL-17A are relatively limited. To address this gap in capability we have cloned bovine and ovine IL-17A cDNAs and expressed biologically-active recombinant proteins in Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells. We used the tr ansfected CHO cells to screen commercially-available antibodies for their ability to detect IL-17A expression intracellularly and in culture supernates. We demonstrate that an ELISA for bovine IL-17A detects native ovine IL-17A. Moreover, the constituent polyclonal antibodies (pabs) in the ELISA wer e used to enumerate peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) expressing IL-17A from cattle and sheep by ELISpot. We identified two monoclonal antibodies (mabs) that detect recombinant intracellular IL-17A in CHO cells by flow cytometry. One of these mabs was used to detect native intracellular IL-1 7A expression in PBMC in conjunction with cell surface phenotyping mabs [CD4+ve, CD8+ve and Workshop Cluster 1 (WC-1)+ve gamma-delta (γδ)] we show that distinct T cell subsets in cattle (defined as CD4+ve, CD8+ve or WC-1+ve) and sheep (defined as CD4+ve or WC-1+ve) can express IL-17A following act ivation. These novel te...
Source: Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

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ConclusionThe present study reports a variant subgroup GII-a PEDV HM2017 strain in China and characterize its pathogenicity. PEDV strain HM2017 of subgroup GII-a presents a promising vaccine candidate for the control of PED outbreaks in China.
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Parasitology InternationalAuthor(s): L. Buffoni, M.M. Piva, P. Baska, K. Januszkiewicz, L.J. Norbury, K.C. Prior, D. Dezen, A.S. Silva, H. Wedrychowiczhz, R.E. MendesAbstractThe aim of this study was to assess the immune response and the protective efficacy elicited by the vaccination with the recombinant Fasciola hepatica myosin regulatory light chain (FhrMRLC) in Adjuplex® adjuvant against the infection with F. hepatica in rats. Four groups of 15 animals each were used for the study, one group was immunized with the recombinant F. hepatica MRLC in Adjuplex&re...
Source: Parasitology International - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
In this study, we generated two recombinant RABVs, rERAG333E/NiVG and rERAG333E/NiVF, expressing the NiV Malaysian strain attachment glycoprotein (NiV-G) or fusion glycoprotein (NiV-F) gene based on the rERAG333E vector platform. Both rERAG333E/NiVG and rERAG333E/NiVF displayed growth properties similar to those of rERAG333E and caused marked syncytia formation after co-infection in BSR cell culture. Adult and suckling mice intracerebrally inoculated with the recombinant RABVs showed NiV-G and NiV-F expression did not increase the virulence of rERAG333E. Oral vaccination with rERAG333E/NiVG either singularly or combined wi...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, such as Crohn's Disease and ulcerative colitis, are linked to abnormalities of the gut microbiota in humans and in animals. Patients generally present reduced bacterial diversity in their intestinal flora along with excessive levels of bacteria that express a protein called flagellin, which favors their mobility.
Source: World Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Featured Research Research and Development Source Type: news
(University of Queensland) A new technology to produce safer 'hybrid' viruses at high volumes for use in vaccines and diagnostics for mosquito-borne diseases has been developed at The University of Queensland.Researchers from UQ and QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute have exploited the benign characteristics of the Binjari virus - inert to humans - to produce 'dangerous looking' mosquito-borne viruses such as Zika and dengue, but which cannot grow in humans or animals.
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
(INSERM (Institut national de la sant é et de la recherche m é dicale)) In animals, a vaccine modifying the composition and function of the gut microbiota provides protection against the onset of chronic inflammatory bowel diseases and certain metabolic disorders, such as diabetes and obesity. This research was conducted by the team of Beno î t Chassaing, Inserm researcher at Institut Cochin (Inserm/CNRS/Universit é de Paris), whose initial findings have been published in Nature Communications.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Trichinella spiralis is a major zoonotic tissue-dwelling nematode, which is a public health concern and a serious hazard to animal food safety. It is necessary to exploit an anti-Trichinella vaccine to interrupt ...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Veterinary Immunology and ImmunopathologyAuthor(s): Qingtao Liu, Jing Yang, Xinmei Huang, Yuzhuo Liu, Kaikai Han, Dongmin Zhao, Lijiao Zhang, Yin LiAbstractAvian influenza subtype H9N2 infection is a mild but highly contagious disease that is associated with a decrease in the efficacy of vaccine interventions, and an increase in susceptibility to secondary infections in poultry. However, the immune evasion mechanism of H9N2 avian influenza viruses (AIVs) in chickens is poorly understood. Dendritic cells (DCs) are immune cells of major importance, involved in innate ...
Source: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
In this study, prophylactic passive immunization was performed in a miniature swine model, using two vaccination-induced monoclonal antibodies (mAb), JEV-31 and JEV-169. These were selected as representatives for antibodies reactive with the major antigenic structures in the E protein of JEV and related flaviviruses. JEV-31 recognizes the lateral ridge of E protein domain III (EDIII) whilst JEV-169 has a broad footprint of binding involving residues throughout domains I (EDI) and II (EDII) of the E protein. Detection of neutralizing antibodies in the serum of immunized animals mimics the presence of neutralizing antibodies...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Streptococcus suis is a major swine pathogen causing arthritis, meningitis and sudden death in post-weaning piglets and is also a zoonotic agent. S. suis comprises 35 different serotypes of which the serotype 2 i...
Source: BMC Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
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