The Case | Hypomagnesemia with knee pain
A 70-year-old man presented with fever, progressive intention tremor of bilateral hands, and painful swelling over bilateral knee joints, which started 3 days before admission. He could not walk and stand up by himself on admission. He had neither diarrhea nor abdominal pain. He denied using alcohol. His comorbidities included type 2 diabetes mellitus (recent hemoglobin A1C = 7.2%), dyslipidemia, and hypertension. His medication included repaglin ide (6 mg/d), atorvastatin (10 mg/d), labetalol (200 mg/d), valsartan (80 mg/d), and hydrochlorothiazide (12.5 mg/d).
ConclusionsThis is the first randomised investigation of BP self-monitoring for the management of pregnancy hypertension and indicates that a large RCT would be feasible.
ConclusionsExtra-pelvic endometriosis, traditionally thought to be rare, have been reported in a considerable number of cases. Heightened awareness and clinical suspicion of the disease, and multi-disciplinary approach is recommended to achieve prompt diagnosis and optimize patient outcomes. At this time, there are no comparative studies to provide recommendations regarding optimal diagnostic methods, treatment options and outcomes for endometriosis involving extra-pelvic sites.
ConclusionsGVS appeared as a well-tolerated and powerful procedure for the relief of experimental pain, probably through physiological interaction within insular nociceptive networks. Either isolated or in combination with other types of vestibular activation (e.g., optokinetic stimuli), GVS deserves being tested in clinical settings.
ConclusionThe twin block is effective in the long-term management of masticatory myofascial pain as compared to trigger point injections.Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03870191
ConclusionNeedle flexor tenotomies are a relatively safe and effective treatment compared to tenotomies done by scalpel, both as treatment for ulcers and to prevent formation of new ulcers associated with hammer, mallet and claw toe deformities. As a side note, transfer complications are avoidable if all toes on one or both feet are tenotomized in one procedure.
ConclusionOur study showed a significant association between alterations in intestinal microbial composition and T1D; however, in some articles, it is not clear which one happens first. Investigation of altered gut microbiota can help in the early detection of T1D before seropositivity. Targeted microbiome modulation can be a novel potential therapeutic strategy.
ConclusionsPA activates PXR signalling and suppresses NF-κB signalling, consequently causing ameliorating inflammation. Results highlight the importance of PXR–NF-κB crosstalk in colitis and suggest a novel therapeutic reagent.Graphical abstract
A 62-year-old tall, thin African American man presented to the emergency department after four days of constipation and vomiting. He had decreased mental status, and was unable to provide a complete medical background. His spouse reported that the patient had diffuse abdominal pain for the past four days, and had been experiencing increased thirst and excessive urination for the past four weeks.She reported that the patient was unresponsive to over-the-counter laxatives and had been unable to produce bowel movements. The patient had no prior abdominal surgery, medication use, or primary care visits. The patient used to be ...
A 45-year-old woman with a history of medication-controlled essential hypertension, stage 2 chronic kidney disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and a pack-a-day cigarette habit presented less than 60 minutes after acute onset of severe shortness of breath that awoke her from sleep. She had felt well the previous day, and went to bed with no complaints. Around 4 a.m., she woke up from sleep very dyspneic, with moderate chest “discomfort” over her left chest that radiated to her back and was unchanged by position or respirations. She denied other symptoms such as fever, cough, nausea, vomiting, numbness, o...