Tomatoes, Limes and Sex-Selective Abortions

Credit: Curt Carnemark / World Bank. CC BY-NC-ND 2.0By Lyndal RowlandsUNITED NATIONS, Apr 7 2017 (IPS)When Bimla Chandrasekharan saw that women who gave birth to baby girls were being sent out of the house by their angry husbands and mothers-in-law she realised a basic biology lesson was needed.“We start educating them on this XY chromosome,” Chandrasekharan who is Founder and Director of Indian women’s rights organisation EKTA told IPS. “(But) we don’t say XY chromosome, we do it with tomatoes and limes. ‘Tomato tomato’ it becomes a girl, ‘tomato lime’ it becomes a boy.”It is just a start but this lesson helps to show fathers that they in fact determine the sex of their children.According to the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), there are now 117 million girls who are ‘missing’ worldwide because of sex selective abortion and infanticide.The problem ballooned in India and China in the 1990s, partly due to increased access to ultrasounds. But according to the UNFPA the problem has also now spread to new regions including Eastern Europe and South-East Asia.A new UNFPA program to address the problem in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Viet Nam, Bangladesh and Nepal will draw on the experiences of both India and China in addressing the problem. “The evidence we have (of what) what really works is changing social norms and gender norms that under-value girls and a...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: Global & Universal Authors: Tags: Aid Development & Aid Featured Gender Gender Violence Global Governance Headlines Health Human Rights IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse TerraViva United Nations Women's Health Abortion Femicide India Patriarchal Societies UN Wo Source Type: news

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Authors: Abdellaoui T, Laaribi N, Bouayad G, Akioud W, Mouzari Y, Elasri F, Reda K, Oubaaz A PMID: 30904287 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal Francais d Ophtalmologie - Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Fr Ophtalmol Source Type: research
Authors: Sheehan FH, McConnaughey S, Freeman R, Zierler RE Abstract BACKGROUND: We developed simulator-based tools for assessing provider competence in transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and vascular duplex scanning. METHODS: Psychomotor (technical) skill in TTE image acquisition was calculated from the deviation angle of an acquired image from the anatomically correct view. We applied this metric for formative assessment to give feedback to learners and evaluate curricula.Psychomotor skill in vascular ultrasound was measured in terms of dexterity and image plane location; cognitive skill was assessed from me...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Conclusions: Intraocular tumours represent the most common clinicopathological indication for ocular enucleation in our study population. Following ocular trauma and systemic diseases, the rate of enucleation decreased in the last decade, compared to those previously reported in other developed countries. However, changes were not observed for surgical diseases, infectious and inflammatory causes, or for miscellaneous and unclassified diseases. Orbital implant financing should be increased to ensure better postoperative aesthetic rehabilitation, following enucleation in Hungary. PMID: 30895157 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research
Authors: Ravaioli F, Colecchia A, Alemanni LV, Vestito A, Dajti E, Marasco G, Sessa M, Pession A, Bonifazi F, Festi D Abstract INTRODUCTION: Veno-occlusive-disease (VOD), known also as sinusoidal-obstruction-syndrome (SOS), is one of the main complications of haematopoietic stem cell transplantation and is related to the treatment with pyrrolizidine alkaloids or other toxic agents (chemotherapy for liver-metastasis). Clinical diagnosis using the recent criteria from the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, is the reference for VOD/SOS diagnosis. However, increasing evidence suggests the emerg...
Source: Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
In conclusion, we described the US semeiotics of various lung disorders assessed during VATS by reporting the preliminary data of the first s tudy which applies the methodology systematically to all patients undergoing the surgery procedure. Final results from the study will further elucidate how the technique could be of use during the VATS procedure.
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis;   Mutation Ala393Thr of the MARS Gene;   mutationSer567Leu of the MARS Gene Interventions:   Drug: Methionine;   Drug: Vitamin B12, B9, B6, C supplementation;   Diagnostic Test: Methionine/homocysteine Dosage;   Diagnostic Test: Thoracic CT scan;   Diagnostic Test: Abdominal and liver ultrasound.;   Diagnostic Test: Brain MRI Sponsor:   Assistance Publique ...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
The objective of this study is to evaluate the interest of measurement of the aortic surface by planimetry with the scanner.MethodsThis retrospective single-center study focused on 127 patients with symptomatic tight RA who were referred to a TAVI between January 2017 and February 2018. On CT, the valvular calcium score and the aortic area (by planimetry) were evaluated. On ultrasound, performed for each patient as the CT scan, the aortic area and the mean gradient were also measured. Concordance between CT and ultrasound to estimate the aortic area was evaluated by a Bland and Altman test. Correlations between the differe...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Younger women undergoing annual mammography exams had higher recall rates than...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Breast tissue seems less dense on DBT scans Study questions value of supplemental breast ultrasound New MRI coil vest may improve breast cancer screening JNCI: Breast screening AI software equals radiologists Dedicated breast CT shows promise for cancer screening
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Conclusions: Average age at the time of diagnosis of RCC in Sri Lankan patients is lower than the developed world, with a large proportion of patients being under 50 years. Obesity, hypertension, and DM are associated risk factors for RCC in Sri Lankan patients while smoking is not.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: We found that CCT measurements between the AL-Scan–UP, Lenstar LS900–UP, and AL-Scan–Lenstar LS900 showed very strong correlation and comparable agreement. AL-Scan–UP showed the closest agreement and these devices can be used interchangeably in clinical practice. Galilei significantly showed higher value of CCT compared to other methods. It was also observed that the Al-Scan had excellent intraobserver repeatability.
Source: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Source Type: research
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