Acquisition of Tacting Using a Speech-Generating Device in Group Learning Environments for Preschoolers with Autism

AbstractSkinner (1957) described the tact as the most important verbal operant; however, there remains a disproportionate amount of research evaluating mand training compared to tact training for young children with autism. The current study sought to alleviate some of this disparity by evaluating the effectiveness of the iPad ® and application Proloquo2Go™ as a speech-generating device, using a multiple baseline design, on the acquisition of a tact repertoire in three preschool aged children with autism. The procedures employed a time delay with full physical prompts, during a “circle time” routine. During the cir cle time routine, the classroom teacher would read the lift-the-flap children’s book “Where’s Spot?” and pause for five-seconds upon reaching the targeted animal for each respective student. During this time delay if the student independently selected the picture that corresponded to the ani mal, evoking the SGD’s digitized output, the teacher provided verbal praise. If the child did not respond or responded incorrectly, a full physical prompt was used to evoke the tact of the animal. Results indicated that all three participants acquired the ability to tact at least one animal at 100 % independence, across three consecutive sessions, after an average of four training sessions. This skill was also found to maintain for those two participants for whom maintenance data were taken. These results extend the evidence b...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research

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ConclusionsStudies have focused predominantly on assessing transcription or translation/text generation skills with little systematic attention to relationships between writing and language domain or mediational systems skills. Reviewed studies offer preliminary findings, areas of needed future research, and implications for continued research into understanding and supporting the writing skill development of children with ASD.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Kurihara M, Ishiura H, Bannai T, Mitsui J, Yoshimura J, Morishita S, Hayashi T, Shimizu J, Toda T, Tsuji S Abstract Heterozygous mutations in KIF1A have been reported to cause syndromic intellectual disability or pure spastic paraplegia. However, their genotype-phenotype correlations have not been fully elucidated. We herein report a man with autism and hyperactivity along with sensory disturbance and spastic paraplegia, carrying a novel de novo mutation in KIF1A (c.37C>T [p.R13C]). Autism and hyperactivity have only previously been reported in a patient with c.38 G>A (R13H) mutation. This case sugge...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
ConclusionAll countries under study have incorporated the values of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in their respective education systems while emphasising the need to include as many children in the mainstream system as possible.
Source: Molecular Autism - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
AbstractMicrodeletions encompassing 14q11.2locus, involvingSUPT16H andCHD8, were shown to cause developmental delay, intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorders and macrocephaly. Variations leading toCHD8 haploinsufficiency or loss of function were also shown to lead to a similar phenotype. Recently, a 14q11.2 microduplication syndrome, encompassingCHD8 andSUPT16H, has been described, highlighting the importance of a tight control of at leastCHD8 gene-dosage for a normal development. There have been only a few reports of 14q11.2 microduplications. Patients showed variable neurodevelopmental issues of variable severi...
Source: Neurogenetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
An experienced trust chief executive has been chosen to lead a national taskforce group charged with improving inpatient mental health, learning disability and autism services for young people.
Source: HSJ - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
ConclusionThe Universal Declaration of Human Rights was a critical juncture in international policy and created an environment where the universal right to education has been implemented for all children in the countries under study.
Source: Molecular Autism - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The researchers that examined school aged children, all agreed that children with disabilities would benefit from the use of assistive technology. However, they also agree that teachers are not prepared to incorporate advanced technology in the classroom. The results also show that children with physical disabilities in preschool may be too young to independently use advanced technology.Implications for RehabilitationStudents with severe disabilities often have limited interactions with same age peers. Technology can provide a means to increase the quality and quantity of time interacting with young student's p...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These insights provide a tool for reflection by educators and educational psychologists for considering how they might promote the participation of autistic pupils in different educational contexts. PMID: 31814112 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Educational Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Br J Educ Psychol Source Type: research
del D Abstract We estimated autism spectrum disorder (ASD) prevalence in 7-9 year-old children in 2015 using data from three nationwide health registry systems (Denmark, Finland, Iceland) and two French population-based regional registries. Prevalence ranged from 0.48% in South-East France to 3.13% in Iceland (South-West France: 0.73%, Finland: 0.77%, Denmark: 1.26%). Male/female ratios ranged from 3.3 in Finland to 5.4 in South-West France. Between 12% (Denmark) and 39% (South-West France) of cases were diagnosed with intellectual disability. The variations in population-based ASD prevalence across four Euro...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2019Source: NeuronAuthor(s): Sehyoun Yoon, Euan Parnell, Maria Kasherman, Marc P. Forrest, Kristoffer Myczek, Susitha Premarathne, Michelle C. Sanchez Vega, Michael Piper, Thomas H.J. Burne, Lachlan A. Jolly, Stephen A. Wood, Peter PenzesSummaryVariants in the ANK3 gene encoding ankyrin-G are associated with neurodevelopmental disorders, including intellectual disability, autism, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder. However, no upstream regulators of ankyrin-G at synapses are known. Here, we show that ankyrin-G interacts with Usp9X, a neurodevelopmental-disorder-assoc...
Source: Neuron - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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