Meet Evatar: The Lab Model That Mimics the Female Reproductive System

Researchers hope the model, fashioned from human and mouse tissue, will help with research into endometriosis, fibroids, cancer and infertility.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Reproductive System (Human) Research Source Type: news

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In conclusion, ovarian endometriosis is seen with both malignant and borderline ovarian tumours, the association being significant with borderline tumours. Fortunately, the endometriosis-associated malignant ovarian tumours are mostly early stage. Impact statement What is already known on this subject? Epidemiologic data suggest that endometriosis has malignant potential. However, a subgroup of women with endometriosis at a high risk for ovarian cancer is yet to be clarified. Currently, endometriosis and ovarian cancer association does not seem to have a clinical implication. What do the results of this study add? The find...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
Abstract Endometriosis can have several different presentations, including overt ascites and peritonitis; increased awareness can improve diagnostic accuracy and patient outcomes. We aimto provide a systematic review and report a case of endometriosis with this unusual clinical presentation. The PubMed/MEDLINE database was systematically reviewed until October 2016. Women with histologically-proven endometriosis presenting with clinically significant ascites and/or frozen abdomen and/or encapsulating peritonitis were included; thosewith potentially confounding conditionswere excluded.Our search yielded 37 articles describi...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetricia - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Authors: Guo J, Cao B, Xu X, Wu F, Zhu B Abstract Endometriosis is a common gynecological disease characterized by the outgrowth of the endometrium, however, the detailed molecular etiology remains largely uncharacterized. Recent studies have implicated that endometriosis is potentially a precancerous lesion, and that CCCTC‑binding factor (CTCF) mutations may be involved in the pathogenesis of this disorder. However, the detailed CTCF mutation spectrum in Chinese patients with ovarian endometriosis remains largely unknown. In the present study, a cohort of 92 patients with ovarian endometriosis were analyzed...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Metabolomics analysis of the eutopic endometrium in endometriosis was effectively characterized by UHPLC-ESI-HRMS-based metabolomics. Our study supports the importance of purine and amino acid metabolites in the pathophysiology of endometriosis and provides potential biomarkers for semi-invasive diagnosis of early-stage endometriosis. PMID: 29712562 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Reproductive Biology - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reprod Biol Endocrinol Source Type: research
Abstract Endometriosis is a common and challenging condition of reproductive-aged women that carries a high individual and societal cost. The many molecular dissimilarities between endometriosis lesions and eutopic endometrium create difficulties in the development of new drug therapies and treatments. Surgery remains the gold standard for definitive diagnosis, but it must be weighed against the risks of surgical morbidity and potential decreases in ovarian reserve, especially in the case of endometriomas. Safe and effective surgical techniques are discussed within this article for various presentations of endomet...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
(Abstracted from BJOG 2018;125(1):64–72) The mainstay for the diagnosis and treatment of endometriosis is surgery. After the initial surgery, women often undergo multiple operations in an attempt to alleviate persistent symptoms of pain and infertility.
Source: Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey - Category: OBGYN Tags: Gynecology: Office Gynecology Source Type: research
We acknowledge the ongoing concerns of women with endometriosis, a chronic gynaecological condition affecting about 176 million women worldwide, regarding information about their increased ovarian cancer risk. Endometriosis is an inflammatory disease process characterised by lesions of endometrial-like tissue outside the uterus —commonly on the pelvic peritoneum and ovaries—that is associated with debilitating pelvic pain and infertility.1 Although benign, endometriosis has cancer-like features,2 a mutation profile similar to that of ovarian cancer,3 and an increased ovarian cancer risk.
Source: LANCET - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionWe sought to characterize changes in healthcare spending associated with the onset of 22 endometriosis-related comorbidities.MethodsWomen aged 18 –49 years with endometriosis (N = 180,278) were extracted from 2006–2015 de-identified Clinformatics® DataMart claims data. For 22 comorbidities, comorbidity patients were identified on the basis of having a first comorbidity diagnosis after their initial endometriosis diagnosis. Controls were identified on the basis of having no comorbidity diagnosis and were matched 1:1 to comorbidity patients on demographics and baseline spend...
Source: Advances in Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion This case illustrates a presentation of endometriosis in a postmenopausal woman mimicking advanced mullerian malignancy. The patient's estrogenic state from obesity in combination with the agonist action of the tamoxifen likely contributed to her rare presentation. While findings such as a thickened endometrial stripe are typical of tamoxifen use, such widespread proliferation of endometriosis resulting in a pelvic mass, genito-urinary obstruction, and plaque-like pelvic spread are not. Précis Endometriosis is a benign estrogen dependent condition rarely problematic in a postmenopausal patient. Tamoxifen ...
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Apigenin is a plant‐derived flavonoid having antiproliferative, anti‐inflammatory, and anti‐angiogenic properties in chronic and metabolic diseases, and cancers. However, the functional role of apigenin remains to be identified in human endometriosis that is a benign inflammatory disease causing infertility, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, and chronic abdominal or pelvic pain. In the present study, we determined the effects of apigenin on two well‐established human endometriosis cell lines (VK2/E6E7 and End1/E6E7). Apigenin reduced proliferation and induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in the both endometriosis cell ...
Source: Journal of Cellular Physiology - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
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