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Unusual Cause of Dysphagia in a Post-Stroke Patient

We describe the evaluation and treatment of a 53-year-old man with a history of intracerebral hemorrhage in the left basal ganglia who presented with dysphagia caused by a vallecular cyst.
Source: Dysphagia - Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

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We appreciated the article by Kidwell et al.1 that showed higher first-recorded blood pressure (BP) and greater delta mean arterial pressure are associated with the development of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) lesions in acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The most desirable BP target and optimal antihypertensive strategy in ICH are controversial.2 The relationship between BP and outcome is more complex than simply linear, and mechanisms other than BP reduction play a role. There is accruing evidence that not only absolute BP levels but their variation over time affect ICH prognosis.3 Besides increasing the risk of he...
Source: Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: WRITECLICK & amp;reg; EDITOR ' S CHOICE Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn patients with DWI‐ASPECTS ≤5, two‐thirds of patients experienced good neurological outcome when recanalized by state‐of‐the‐art thrombectomy, whilst only one in 14 non‐recanalizers achieved similar outcomes. Pretreatment markers of good neurological outcomes were DWI‐ASPECTS>2, intravenous thrombolysis and glycaemia ≤6.8 mmol/l.
Source: European Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
ConclusionThis guideline is intended for neurocritical care clinicians who have chosen to use TTM in patient care; it is not meant to provide guidance regarding the clinical indications for TTM itself. While there are areas of TTM practice where clear evidence guides strong recommendations, many of the recommendations are conditional, and must be contextualized to individual patient and system needs.
Source: Neurocritical Care - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
DiscussionThe results of this trial will provide critical evidence for XNJ in the treatment of AIS as a complementary approach that can be initiated after reperfusion therapy or when the AIS is not eligible for thrombolytic treatment.Trial registrationClinical Trials.gov, ID:NCT02728180. Registered on 28 March 2016.
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
CONCLUSION: Oral anticoagulation was significantly underused in NVAF patients in China. Age, sex, concurrent drug usage and disease history were associated factors. Improving warfarin adherence was promising to reduce ischemic stroke risk of NVAF patients. PMID: 29022745 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
ConclusionTotal end‐diastolic volume and central blood volume changed during blood depletion and repletion, and differed between stages of hemorrhage. These indicators might be useful for assessing volume status instead of, or in addition to cardiac index and dynamic indicators.
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research
Authors: Planton M, Raposo N, Albucher JF, Pariente J Abstract Cerebral amyloid angiopathy is diagnosed in stroke units after lobar intracerebral hemorrhage. CAA can also be diagnosed in memory clinics when patients are referred for cognitive impairment assessment, and may be a reason for admission to emergency or neurology departments because of rapidly progressive cognitive or neurological decline, or a transient focal neurological episode. CAA may even be observed in older community-dwelling individuals. Neuropsychological impairment in CAA has been described over the past 20 years. The symptoms most commonly re...
Source: Revue Neurologique - Category: Neurology Tags: Rev Neurol (Paris) Source Type: research
There is uncertainty regarding the effectiveness and occurrence of thromboembolic events in patients treated with prothrombin complex concentrates (PCCs) for the management of major bleeding events (MBEs) on rivaroxaban or apixaban. We investigated the effectiveness of PCCs given for the management of MBEs in patients on rivaroxaban or apixaban. Between 1 January 2014 and 1 October 2016, we prospectively included patients on rivaroxaban or apixaban treated with PCCs for the management of MBEs. The effectiveness of PCCs was assessed by using the International Society of Thrombosis and Hemostasis Scientific and Standardizati...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Free Research Articles, Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Clinical Trials and Observations Source Type: research
by Niklas H übel, Mahshid S. Hosseini-Zare, Jokūbas Žiburkus, Ghanim Ullah Simultaneous changes in ion concentrations, glutamate, and cell volume together with exchange of matter between cell network and vasculature are ubiquitous in numerous brain pathologies. A complete understanding of pathological conditions as well as normal brain function, therefore, hinges on eluc idating the molecular and cellular pathways involved in these mostly interdependent variations. In this paper, we develop the first computational framework that combines the Hodgkin–Huxley type spiking dynamics, dynamic ion concentrations and...
Source: PLoS Computational Biology - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated age and time effects on the risk of first onset stroke in SSRI-exposed (SSRIEXP) adult subjects. METHODS: We analyzed an 8-year cohort from the National Health Insurance Research Database, Taiwan. Patients were defined as SSRIEXP subjects if they received SSRI prescriptions for at least 2 consecutive months during January 1, 2001, to December 31, 2007. Otherwise, they were categorized as SSRI-nonexposed (SSRINONE) subjects. Stroke diagnosis was made according to ICD-9 codes 430-432 (hemorrhagic stroke) and 433-437 (ischemic stroke). RESULTS: Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed a gre...
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research
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