Other conditions of the lung (abscesses, inhaled foreign bodies, bullous lung disease, hydatid)

Publication date: Available online 28 March 2017 Source:Surgery (Oxford) Author(s): Herbert J. Witzke, Vladimir Anikin Lung abscess remains a common complication of pneumonia and aspiration, particularly in immunosuppressed patients and must be differentiated from a cavitary form of lung cancer. The conservative treatment with antibiotics is still the main therapeutic approach; however, percutaneous drainage may be employed in selected cases. Inhaled foreign bodies require a prompt diagnosis with rigid or a combination of rigid and flexible bronchoscopies to remove the foreign body avoiding complications and the need for a thoracotomy. Bullous lung disease is a common pathology mainly developing as a result of emphysema. Occasionally congenital or acquired lung cysts are diagnosed. Surgical bullectomy is the treatment of choice but external drainage may be indicated in patients with a limited functional reserve. Hydatid lung disease is caused by Echinococcus affecting most commonly the liver and lung. Resection of the cystic lesions may be necessary to eliminate the symptoms and to prevent further complications.
Source: Surgery (Oxford) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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Conclusion: In patients with COPD, we considered that attention to the onset of LC should be paid regardless of the background factors. In patients with COPD, it was effective to perform chest CT once a year for early detection and treatment of LC.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Monitoring airway disease Source Type: research
Conclusions: Diagnosis of ILD is an additional benefit to early detection of LC in high-risk smokers. Prevalence of lung cancer in this group is high.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias Source Type: research
Smoke-measuring smart shirts, breath sound analyzing algorithms, and smart inhalers pave the way of pulmonology and respiratory care into the future. As the number of patients suffering from asthma, COPD, or lung cancer due to rising air pollution and steady smoker-levels will unfortunately not decrease any time soon, we looked around what technology can do to help both patients and caregivers. The results are breathtaking. Attacks of breathlessness are too common The diseases which pulmonologists and respiratory care specialists attempt to fight are among the most common conditions in the modern world – and t...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Artificial Intelligence Future of Medicine Health Sensors & Trackers AI asthma cancer cancer treatment care COPD diagnostics inhaler lung lung cancer management medical specialty pulmonology respiratory respiratory care Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with a history of lung disease including chronic bronchitis, emphysema, tuberculosis, lung cancer and pneumonia, and a history of thoracic surgery, might have an increased post-acupuncture risk of pneumothorax. This information may possibly help physicians avoid post-acupuncture pneumothorax. PMID: 31433202 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research
Abstract Indium is mainly used as indium-tin oxide (ITO), which has a unique character of transparency, and is a requisite in making liquid crystal displays. Pulmonary toxicity of indium compounds in humans were not recognized until the last 2 decades. Several initial human cases of indium-related lung disease, named indium lung, were reported in Japan, with their main pathologic findings being interstitial pneumonia, emphysema and cholesterol crystals-containing granulomas. In 2010, three cases with alveolar proteinosis were reported from the United States and China. As of March 2019, more than 10 cases of inters...
Source: The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Tohoku J Exp Med Source Type: research
This study aimed to identify the active components of YYQFT and elucidate the underlying mechanism on non-small cell lung cancer. First, YYQFT was extracted with different solvents, and then the most effective extract was determined by assessing their effects on non-small cell lung cancer cell growth. Second, several active compounds from YYQFT were identified, and quercetin was the one of the important active ingredients. Subsequently, the in vivo antitumor activity of quercetin was confirmed in a lung cancer xenograft model in mice. 200 μ g/mL quercetin significantly reduced tumor volume without affecting body weight ...
Source: The American Journal of Chinese Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Chin Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: Serum concentration and alleleic conformation of SFTPD has a significantly high predictive value for COPD and AECOPD. Thus, these can be tested further and could be applied as a predictive or prognostic marker. Introduction Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) affects lungs and exhibits irreversible airflow conditions that leads to improper respiratory function (Carolan et al., 2014). COPD is a global disease burden which accounts for ~3 million deaths annually (Zemans et al., 2017) and is responsible for the increase in worldwide mortality and morbidity (Dickens et al., 2011). Chronic Obstructi...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn this study, we developed and validated a deep learning algorithm that classified clinically important abnormalities in chest radiographs at a performance level comparable to practicing radiologists. Once tested prospectively in clinical settings, the algorithm could have the potential to expand patient access to chest radiograph diagnostics.
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: In one of the largest reported cohorts of IIP+E, we provide tobacco use data not previously reported and outcomes in a high-prevalence cohort. GroupAge At Dx(Y)Ever Smokers(%)PYHTYYQAlive 5 Y After Dx(%)Y from Dx to DeathO2 Last Visit(%)Lung Cancer(%)Pulmonary Hypertension(%)Diabetes(%)IIP+E(n=202)69.697.144.034.917.955.74.965.013.916.441.5IIP-E (n=250)69.880.025.826.323.660.74.561.12.812.141.1LG+E(n=103)
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias Source Type: research
Publication date: 2018Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports, Volume 25Author(s): Pradnya D. Patil, Samir Sultan, M. Frances Hahn, Sreeja Biswas Roy, Mitchell D. Ross, Hesham Abdelrazek, Ross M. Bremner, Nitika Thawani, Rajat Walia, Tanmay S. PanchabhaiAbstractPatients under consideration for lung transplantation as treatment for end-stage lung diseases such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) often have risk factors such as a history of smoking or concomitant emphysema, both of which can predispose the patient to lung cancer. In fact, IPF itself increases the risk of lung cancer development by 6.8% to 20%. Solid org...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
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