Female menstrual cycle in a dish

(Northwestern University) What if women could have a miniature, personalized reproductive system made with their own tissues that could predict how they would respond to certain medications? Northwestern has developed the first phase of this technology, made with human tissue, which could eventually change the future of research and treatment of diseases in women's reproductive organs. It will allow physicians to test drugs for safety and effectiveness and better understand such diseases as endometriosis, fibroids, cancer and infertility.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians should remain conscious of the possibility of endometriosis mimicking advanced ovarian cancer and infiltrating the peritoneum and internal organs of the abdominal cavity, including the urinary tract. Imaging techniques, including CT and MRI, are not always effective in establishing the correct diagnosis preoperatively. PMID: 29953801 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Eur J Gynaecol Oncol Source Type: research
Authors: Amalinei C, Păvăleanu I, Lozneanu L, Balan R, Giuşcă SE, Căruntu ID Abstract Firstly described at the end of nineteenth century, endometriosis remains an enigmatic disease, from etio-pathogenesis to specific markers of diagnosis and its ability to associate with malignancies. Our review has been designed from a historical perspective and steps up to an updated understanding of the disease, facilitated by relatively recent molecular and genetic progresses. Although the histopathological diagnosis is relatively simple, the therapy is difficult or ineffective. Experimental models have been extremely usef...
Source: Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica - Category: Cytology Tags: Folia Histochem Cytobiol Source Type: research
Conclusions Our finding of an increased risk of HGSC associated with PID lends support to the hypothesis that inflammatory processes may be involved in the etiology of HGSC.
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, ovarian endometriosis is seen with both malignant and borderline ovarian tumours, the association being significant with borderline tumours. Fortunately, the endometriosis-associated malignant ovarian tumours are mostly early stage. Impact statement What is already known on this subject? Epidemiologic data suggest that endometriosis has malignant potential. However, a subgroup of women with endometriosis at a high risk for ovarian cancer is yet to be clarified. Currently, endometriosis and ovarian cancer association does not seem to have a clinical implication. What do the results of this study add? The find...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
Abstract Endometriosis can have several different presentations, including overt ascites and peritonitis; increased awareness can improve diagnostic accuracy and patient outcomes. We aimto provide a systematic review and report a case of endometriosis with this unusual clinical presentation. The PubMed/MEDLINE database was systematically reviewed until October 2016. Women with histologically-proven endometriosis presenting with clinically significant ascites and/or frozen abdomen and/or encapsulating peritonitis were included; thosewith potentially confounding conditionswere excluded.Our search yielded 37 articles describi...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetricia - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Authors: Guo J, Cao B, Xu X, Wu F, Zhu B Abstract Endometriosis is a common gynecological disease characterized by the outgrowth of the endometrium, however, the detailed molecular etiology remains largely uncharacterized. Recent studies have implicated that endometriosis is potentially a precancerous lesion, and that CCCTC‑binding factor (CTCF) mutations may be involved in the pathogenesis of this disorder. However, the detailed CTCF mutation spectrum in Chinese patients with ovarian endometriosis remains largely unknown. In the present study, a cohort of 92 patients with ovarian endometriosis were analyzed...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Metabolomics analysis of the eutopic endometrium in endometriosis was effectively characterized by UHPLC-ESI-HRMS-based metabolomics. Our study supports the importance of purine and amino acid metabolites in the pathophysiology of endometriosis and provides potential biomarkers for semi-invasive diagnosis of early-stage endometriosis. PMID: 29712562 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Reproductive Biology - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reprod Biol Endocrinol Source Type: research
Abstract Endometriosis is a common and challenging condition of reproductive-aged women that carries a high individual and societal cost. The many molecular dissimilarities between endometriosis lesions and eutopic endometrium create difficulties in the development of new drug therapies and treatments. Surgery remains the gold standard for definitive diagnosis, but it must be weighed against the risks of surgical morbidity and potential decreases in ovarian reserve, especially in the case of endometriomas. Safe and effective surgical techniques are discussed within this article for various presentations of endomet...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
(Abstracted from BJOG 2018;125(1):64–72) The mainstay for the diagnosis and treatment of endometriosis is surgery. After the initial surgery, women often undergo multiple operations in an attempt to alleviate persistent symptoms of pain and infertility.
Source: Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey - Category: OBGYN Tags: Gynecology: Office Gynecology Source Type: research
We acknowledge the ongoing concerns of women with endometriosis, a chronic gynaecological condition affecting about 176 million women worldwide, regarding information about their increased ovarian cancer risk. Endometriosis is an inflammatory disease process characterised by lesions of endometrial-like tissue outside the uterus —commonly on the pelvic peritoneum and ovaries—that is associated with debilitating pelvic pain and infertility.1 Although benign, endometriosis has cancer-like features,2 a mutation profile similar to that of ovarian cancer,3 and an increased ovarian cancer risk.
Source: LANCET - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research
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