Covered Balloon-Expanding Stents in Airway Stenosis

This report describes our experience with these stents in airway stenosis particularly as a lobar salvage therapy. Methods: This was a retrospective review of all records in which the balloon-expanding stents were used at a tertiary medical center. Ages, sex, location of stenosis, etiology of stenosis, stent size, duration of stent placement and associated interventions for airway stenosis were recorded. Patient’s self-reported respiratory symptoms, dyspnea scale, and radiographic imaging at baseline and after stent placement were also reported. Results: Twenty-one Atrium iCAST stents were inserted in 18 patients with malignant and benign airway disease. The median age was 69.5 years (interquartile range, 53.5 to 74). Most stents (n=20, 95%) were deployed in the lobar airways. There was a significant improvement in the modified Medical Research Council dyspnea scale from median of 3 to 2 (P
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

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Authors: Kunitoki K, Mutoh T, Tatewaki Y, Takano Y, Yamamoto S, Shimomura H, Nakagawa M, Arai H, Taki Y Abstract BACKGROUND Osteoporosis is a major global public health problem in the current aging era. Osteoporosis is often diagnosed only after patients have a fracture that causes a severe decline in ability to perform activities of daily life. Although the current criterion standard for diagnosing osteoporosis is dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), this modality remains less prevalent among general practitioners in geriatric medicine. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic utility of visual ins...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In treatment planning for cases that require identifying the growth peak, the use of eruption stages is not recommended as an indicator of skeletal maturity except for the early permanent dentition stage where strong diagnostic performance for identifying post-pubertal skeletal growth stage has been shown. PMID: 31522225 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Saudi Medical Journal - Category: Middle East Health Tags: Saudi Med J Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 September 2019Source: The American Journal of SurgeryAuthor(s): CDR Jamie L. Fitch, Paul T. Albini, Anish Y. Patel, Matthew S. Yanoff, LCDR Christian S. McEvoy, Chad T. Wilson, James Suliburk, Stephanie D. Gordy, S. Rob ToddAbstractBackgroundThe rising cost of healthcare requires responsible allocation of resources. Not all trauma centers see the same types of patients. We hypothesized that patients with blunt injuries require more resources than patients with penetrating injuries.MethodsThis was a retrospective analysis of all highest-level activation trauma patients at our busy urban...
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsWith six stereotactic 9-gauge vacuum-assisted biopsy specimens a final histopathological biopsy diagnosis could be established in 95% (95%CI 90%-98%) of the biopsy procedures. Taking nine 9-gauge specimens seems to be optimal. Ending the stereotactic vacuum-assisted breast biopsy procedure as soon as calcifications are retrieved may cause false negative results.
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionOur study showed that cigarette smoking did not have negative effect on union time in the metaphyseal region after correction osteotomy. The time of bone-union in heavy-smokers was 2.5 weeks more than that of non-smokers.
Source: Journal of Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
We present cases with unusual presentations and demonstrate the transmission electron microscopic features of these lesions. Furthermore, we co nfirm the importance of achieving full eradication of the etiologic bacilli to prevent recurrent disease.
Source: Head and Neck Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
AbstractTo identify the prevalence ofC. albicans in primary endodontic infections of type two diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients and compare their clinical and radiographical characteristics with a non-diabetic control group, establishing the possible relationship between primary endodontic infection, T2DM, andC. albicans, since diabetes mellitus (DM), influences the development, course, and response to the treatment of apical periodontitis, but the presence ofCandida albicans (C. albicans) has not been considered before. A total of 120 patients were selected and divided into two groups: 60 T2DM diagnosed patients and 60 no...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract Background: Surgical implant material has changed over time, from metal to stainless steel to titanium. In recent decades a new material, carbon-fibre-reinforced polyether ether ketone, has been introduced. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical and radiological feasibility and functional outcome after treatment of distal radius fractures with this new implant. Methods: Inclusion criteria: AO type B distal radius fractures treated with 2.7 mm CF/PEEK plates at one Level 1 trauma centre between 2016 and 2017. Follow-up period 1 year, measurement of range of motion and radiographic ass...
Source: Patient Safety in Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Patient Saf Surg Source Type: research
Conclusion: Syndesmotic screw removal and weight bearing may be advantageous to achieve final anatomic reduction of the syndesmosis. Syndesmotic screw removal at appropriate time could not improve foot functional outcomes; however, more studies with the larger sample size are required to confirm the results of the study. PMID: 31516888 [PubMed]
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Adv Biomed Res Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 September 2019Source: Journal of Forensic Radiology and ImagingAuthor(s): Edel Doyle, Raymond Vuong
Source: Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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