Multiple lifestyle risk behaviours and excess weight among adolescents in Barcelona, Spain.

CONCLUSIONS: These results highlight the importance of a multiple-behaviour approach in preventive programmes aimed at reducing adolescent obesity. PMID: 28314469 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - Category: Global & Universal Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

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ConclusionJiao-tai-wan has the potential to attenuate systemic inflammation and cognitive impairment in partially sleep-deprived rats. The possible underlying mechanism is by preventing an inflammation trigger being transferred through the gut-brain-axis.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Study Objectives:To evaluate the influence of sex on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)-related symptoms and prevalent cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a large clinical population of patients.Methods:A total of 6,716 patients (mean age 52 years, 24% women) had undergone diagnostic polysomnography and completed the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Athens Insomnia Scale, and Beck Depression Inventory. We investigated the predictive value of sex on associated symptoms and prevalent cardiovascular disease, after adjustment for relevant confounding factors including age, obesity, and comorbidities.Results:Most of the patients (90%) ha...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsExclusive olive oil consumption was associated with metabolic indices such as obesity and CRF and a healthy lifestyle profile. The exclusive consumption of olive oil as part of a balanced MD does seem to provide favorable health benefits and should be further promoted.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
ConclusionIn this population of overweight and obese patients with moderate and severe OSAS, 66% of patients had diabetes or glucose intolerance and 28% were newly diagnosed. Diabetes and glucose intolerance were not related to OSAS severity, contrary to insulin resistance. These data suggest that there is value in systematic screening for glucose metabolism disorders in all patients with moderate and severe OSAS.
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Right now, one in 12 children and adolescents in the US are severely obese. If that isn’t startling enough, consider this: among 12-to-15-year-olds, that number jumps to one in 10 — and among 16-to-19-year-olds, it is one in seven. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), the best hope for many of these youths may be bariatric surgery. Bariatric surgery is surgery that helps with weight loss by making the stomach smaller and making other changes in the digestive system. It’s jarring to think about doing irreversible surgery on an adolescent — or a child, as the AAP discourages age limi...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Adolescent health Children's Health Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Parenting Source Type: blogs
Authors: Mukhopadhyay M, Roy S, Bera M, Bhattacharya G Abstract Sleep-related problems and obesity are steadily increasing due to sedentary lifestyle, intake of junk food, and certain genetic predisposition. Thus, the burden of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is elevated, and associated complications cause work-time loss, leading to an economic burden on the society. Early diagnosis can prevent several complications of OSA, and the condition can be corrected by stabilizing the glycemic status of an individual. Cardiovascular diseases, including various arrhythmias, arising due to OSA are previously described. Herein,...
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research
Authors: Taylor CR, Dominguez JE, Habib AS Abstract Obesity is a significant global health problem. It results in a higher incidence of complications for pregnant women and their neonates. Cesarean deliveries are more common in obese parturients as well. The increased burden of comorbidities seen in this population, such as obstructive sleep apnea, necessitates antepartum anesthetic consultation. These patients pose unique challenges for the practicing anesthesiologist and may benefit from optimization prior to delivery. Complications from anesthesia and overall morbidity and mortality are higher in this population...
Source: Local and Regional Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Local Reg Anesth Source Type: research
The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between gender-specific and obesity-related airway anatomy in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) by using cephalometric analyses.
Source: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
ConclusionsHospitalization for HRF is associated with a high morbidity and mortality. Our observation that home oxygen use was associated with increased mortality suggests that oxygen use could be a risk factor for death in patients with HRF.
Source: Lung - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesWe aimed to detect obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) among school-age children presented with nocturnal enuresis (NE) and to identify the possible risk factors for OSA in them.MethodsSixty-six children aged  >  5–16 years presented with NE were enrolled in the study. Children with urinary tract anatomical abnormalities or infection, intellectual disabilities, genetic syndromes, psychological issues, and diabetes mellitus were excluded. They were clinically examined, scored using sleep clinical record score (SCR), and subjected for full-night polysomnogram (PSG). Children with obstr...
Source: Lung - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
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