Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) Clinical Applications: Therapeutics
The number and type of neuropsychiatric conditions being treated by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is ever increasing. In addition, the parameters utilized to treat these conditions are ever evolving. In this chapter, we explore the evidence concerning the efficacy of TMS to treat a number of psychiatric and physiological conditions: including depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, post traumatic stress disorder, chronic pain, tinnitus, stroke, and Parkinson’s disease. In addition, we outline the most commonly utilized protocols and parameters to treat each of the above conditions.
Authors: Müller T Abstract Heterogeneous expression of neurotransmitter deficits results from onset and progression of Parkinson's disease. Intervals, characterized by reappearance of motor and associated certain nonmotor symptoms, determine the end of good tolerability and efficacy of oral levodopa therapy. These "OFF" states result from levodopa pharmacokinetics and disease progression-related deterioration of the central buffering capacity for fluctuations of dopamine levels. This review discusses safinamide as an add-on therapeutic agent in orally levodopa-treated patients with "OFF" ph...
Adequately treating pain and nausea following uterine artery embolization (UAE) is a continuing challenge. Superior hypogastric nerve block (SHNB) is a successful adjunct technique for decreasing pain after embolization. This letter discusses safety measures for administration of SHNB during UAE using radial artery access, including avoiding inadvertent intravascular injection, choosing the optimal anesthetic, and treating local anesthetic systemic toxicity.
A 27-year-old competitive runner presented with deep right thigh pain for 1 year. A T2-weighted hyperintense 3-cm lesion was found in the right vastus lateralis muscle on magnetic resonance imaging, indicative of a ganglion cyst (Fig 1). Corresponding ultrasound showed a well-defined, hypoechoic lesion confirming the diagnosis of ganglion cyst. This location is rare for g anglion cyst, and such lesions have been treated only by surgical excision. Ultrasound-guided aspiration and sclerosis with sodium tetradecyl sulfate was performed.
CONCLUSION: Client-centred occupational performance goals may be facilitated through placing goal-setting in the context of life changes and lifelong development of goals, and through listening to clients' stories. Therapists may improve consistency in adoption of client-suggested goals through clarifying meaning attached to goals and being attuned to power dynamics and underlying values and beliefs around risk and goal attainability. PMID: 29671662 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
We report our experience with medial cuneiform decompressive exostectomy and superficial tendon debridement in 14 cases of recalcitrant tibilalis anterior insertional pain. We reviewed 13 patients (14 feet; 12 females, 1 male; mean age 67.9 ± 7.5; range 55 to 80 years) in whom conservative treatment had failed who had undergone debridement of the insertional tibialis anterior tendon and decompressive exostectomy of the medial cuneiform.
Plantar heel pain is a common disabling condition in adults. Biomechanical factors are important in the development of plantar heel pain. Quantitative changes in rearfoot alignment in patients with plantar heel pain have not been previously investigated. From April 2016 to March 2017, 100 patients with plantar heel pain and 100 healthy individuals were recruited. The foot posture index was used for the measurement of foot alignment. The generalized joint hypermobility condition was assessed using the Beighton scale.
CONCLUSION: Prevalence ratios of the chronic physical diseases comorbid with depression differed according to sex and age groups. Collaborative care strategies should be designed according to demographic characteristics of the population. PMID: 29669409 [PubMed]
This article reviews all the studies that have investigated the psychiatric or psychosocial sequelae of the survivors of the Japanese military sexual slavery. Most importantly, a recent study which conducted a psychiatric evaluation on the former "comfort women" currently alive in South Korea is introduced. The participants' unmarried rate was relatively high and their total fertility rate was relatively low. Majority of the participants reported having no education and being the low economic status. They showed high current and lifetime prevalence of posttraumatic disorder, major depressive disorder, somatic sym...
PMID: 29672384 [PubMed - in process]
PMID: 29672377 [PubMed - in process]