Comorbid psychopathology and everyday functioning in a brief intervention study to reduce khat use among Somalis living in Kenya: description of baseline multimorbidity, its effects of intervention and its moderation effects on substance use

ConclusionSomali khat users in Kenya are highly burdened by multimorbidity of depression, PTSD and khat-psychotic symptoms. The main effects for time and differences in healthy vs. mentally ill khat users indicate potential of unspecific support and the specific need for mental health care in combination with substance abuse treatment. The increase of everyday functioning promises more options for alternative activities, preventing excessive use and addiction.
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Conclusion Currently available pharmacotherapies for PTSD are poorly effective on a substantial proportion of patients. Given this high rate of pharmacological unresponsiveness, further studies are needed to extend the knowledge of the basic mechanisms associated with the pathophysiology of this disorder. The findings discussed in this review suggest that DAergic dysfunction, especially genetic-dependent DAergic alteration, plays a prominent role in the pathophysiology of PTSD; as a consequence, drugs targeting the DAergic system might be therapeutically relevant. A better understanding of how and which DAergic dysfunctio...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Ryan R. Kelly1,2†, Lindsay T. McDonald1,2†, Nathaniel R. Jensen1,2, Sara J. Sidles1,2 and Amanda C. LaRue1,2* 1Research Services, Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center, Charleston, SC, United States 2Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, United States The significant biochemical and physiological effects of psychological stress are beginning to be recognized as exacerbating common diseases, including osteoporosis. This review discusses the current evidence for psychological stress-associated mental health disorders as risk factors for os...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Let’s get candid about male mental health. Men don’t get a lot of compassion — not as a gender, not toward one another, and not toward ourselves. We are the more impulsive, less refined gender that has not progressed much since our cave-dwelling days. We’ve learned to use a salad fork since then, however, and we pretend to enjoy chivalry. Sadly — and perhaps due to our ruffian status — men are often perceived as an expendable lot, regularly sent to do life’s dirty work like unclogging municipal sewers, diffusing IEDs, repossessing tractors, or mining for coal and ore miles below E...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Addictions Anxiety Career Depression Men's Issues Personal Stories Sleep Stress Suicide Source Type: news
By Dr. Sudip Bose, MD Nov. 29, 2016 -- According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 22.5 percent of American adults suffered from a mental illness in the past year.[1] That's almost 1 in 4 people. This means that almost all of us either know someone or are ourselves affected by a mental illness of some kind. These mental illnesses come with many different names: depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, and alcoholism to name a few. Those affected by mental illness must overcome one thing they all have in common: the stigma of the illness. They must battle that in addition to the universal challen...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that occurs following a life-threatening event such as military combat, natural disasters, terrorist incidents, serious accidents, or physical or sexual assault. Approximately eight percent of all people will experience PTSD at some point in their life. That number rises to about 30 percent for combat veterans. Those suffering with PTSD may experience several different types of symptoms: Reliving. Becoming emotionally or physically upset when reminded or triggered. Nightmares and flashbacks are extremely common. Avoidance. Staying away from places or peop...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Addiction Anger Disorders General Marriage and Divorce Medications Psychology Psychotherapy PTSD Relationships Trauma Anxiety Disorder Counseling Medicine Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Psychological Trauma Source Type: blogs
You can make significant strides in overcoming codependency by developing new attitudes, skills, and behavior. But deeper recovery may involve healing trauma that usually began in childhood. Trauma can be emotional, physical, or environmental, and can range from emotional neglect to experiencing a fire. Childhood events had a greater impact on you then than they would today because you didn’t have coping skills that an adult would have. As a consequence of growing up in a dysfunctional family environment, codependents often suffer further trauma due to relationships with other people who may be abandoning, abusive, a...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Abuse Caregivers Children and Teens Disorders Domestic Violence Family General Parenting Psychology Psychotherapy PTSD Treatment ACE Avoidance Child Abuse Codependency Codependent Relationship Depersonalization Dysfunct Source Type: news
April is "Alcohol Awareness Month." On the surface this appears to be about alcohol, its use and abuse, it implies that we need to learn more about why a person might drink alcoholically or, by extension use other substances to their detriment. But there is a much larger story here. It's the story of all of those mothers, fathers, sisters, brothers, aunts, uncles and cousins who care about and are concerned about this person who is abusing alcohol. And even closer to the bone it is about the partners and children of alcoholics and the day-to-day suffering that becomes their life. So what happens to them? At leas...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
This article originally appeared as part of the On Coming Alive project: http://oncomingalive.com/posts/adjusting-lens-shifting-survival-back-life/ ___________________ If you -- or someone you know -- need help, please call 1-800-273-8255 for the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline. If you are outside of the U.S., please visit the International Association for Suicide Prevention for a database of international resources. If you're struggling with an eating disorder, call the National Eating Disorder Association hotline at 1-800-931-2237. Need help with substance abuse or mental health issues? In the U.S., call 800-662-HE...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conclusion Evaluating the potential harms of a commonly used drug—especially a complex substance like marijuana—is a challenging but vital task. Fully informed awareness of both the potential and proven benefits and the potential and proven harms of marijuana are necessary in order to have rational discussions with patients, teens, and decision makers regarding marijuana use. Based on a review of the current literature, we suggest the mnemonic DDUMB (dependence, driving, underachievement, mental illness, and “bad to worse”) as a tool that captures several of the more well-supported, brain-based risk...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology Child Adol Mental Disorders Cognition Current Issue Medical Issues Neurologic Systems and Symptoms Psychiatry Psychopharmacology Review Substance Use Disorders Cannabis dependence drug-related har Source Type: research
As the New Horizons spacecraft made its historic flight to Pluto and some scientists explored the far reaches of our solar system, others were making some incredible advances in their exploration of the inner workings of the mind.  Studies published this year shed light on the mysteries of the brain and human behavior, and began paving the way for new treatments to mental and neurological health problems, ranging from addiction to autism to Alzheimer's disease.  Here are eight fascinating things we learned about the human mind in 2015.  1. Smartphones are wildly distracting.  Americans are spending more...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news
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