The lexical boost effect is not diagnostic of lexically-specific syntactic representations
Publication date: August 2017 Source:Journal of Memory and Language, Volume 95 Author(s): Christoph Scheepers, Claudine N. Raffray, Andriy Myachykov Structural priming implies that speakers/listeners unknowingly re-use syntactic structure over subsequent utterances. Previous research found that structural priming is reliably enhanced when lexical content is repeated (lexical boost effect). A widely held assumption is that structure-licensing heads enjoy a privileged role in lexically boosting structural priming. The present comprehension-to-production priming experiments investigated whether head-constituents (verbs) versus non-head constituents (argument nouns) contribute differently to boosting ditransitive structure priming in English. Experiment 1 showed that lexical boosts from repeated agent or recipient nouns (and to a lesser extent, repeated theme nouns) were comparable to those from repeated verbs. Experiments 2 and 3 found that increasing numbers of content words shared between primes and targets led to increasing magnitudes of structural priming (again, with no ‘special’ contribution of verb-repetition). We conclude that lexical boost effects are not diagnostic of lexically-specific syntactic representations, even though such representations are supported by other types of evidence.
Conclusions: This is the first Italian prospective study performed with a large cohort of CKD patients over a 3-year period. Considering the multifactorial burden of diseases associated with CKD patients, the need for greater attention to CKD and related disorders is paramount.Nephron
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Conclusions: Laser enucleation for the treatment of recurrent BPO is feasible and seems to be a safe and effective procedure.Urol Int
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Conclusion: By a genetic approach that limits residual confounding and reverse causation in observational conventional epidemiological studies, TSH and eGFR are not causally associated, which suggests genetically elevated TSH concentrations may not affect the renal function.Kidney Blood Press Res 2018;43:1121 –1130
Conclusion: Our results show significant effects of L-carnitine supplementation on lipid metabolism. Further clinical trials, as well as experimental research are needed to define the role of lipid metabolism in CKD population. Significant benefits of L-carnitine supplementation in patients with better initial serum albumin levels suggest that this therapy should not be restricted to patients with the worst nutritional and overall status.Kidney Blood Press Res 2018;43:1113 –1120
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