Medical News Today: Immune cell may turn heart inflammation into heart failure

New research examines the role of a type of white blood cells called eosinophils on heart inflammation, dilated cardiomyopathy, and heart failure in mice.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Heart Disease Source Type: news

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AbstractAimsThe prevalence and hospitalizations of patients with heart failure (HF) aged
Source: European Journal of Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Chronic valvular heart disease leads to systolic dysfunction and left atrial enlargement that ultimately results in heart failure. PURPOSE: To investigate prognostic importance of Echocardiography and plasma natriuretic peptide levels that increase as a compensatory response and can be used as predictive markers for cardiac hypertrophy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The patients were divided into three groups: 51 with left ventricle hypertrophy due to aortic valve disease; 126 with left atrial enlargement due to mitral valve dysfunction; and 76 with both conditions. Atrial natriuretic peptid...
Source: Acta Radiologica - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Acta Radiol Source Type: research
In this study we aimed to evaluate management strategies in our pediatric cardiac transplantation candidates with PH and high PVR prior to OHT. METHOD: Twenty-six cardiac transplantation candidates (age: 10.2 ± 4.6, 1-17 years) underwent cardiac catheterization for the determination of PVR and pulmonary arterial pressure. They were admitted to the hospital and received 1-3 days of intravenous (IV) vasodilator therapy; 0.5-3 μg/kg/min nitroglyserin and/or 0.5-3 μg/kg/min nitroprusside, 5-15 μg/kg/min dobutamin and/or dopamin to keep systolic blood pressure above 80 mmHg. RESULTS: Thirteen patients ...
Source: The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Turk J Pediatr Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This novel extracorporeal VAD system with a hydrodynamically levitated centrifugal pump can safely and successfully bridge patients with advanced heart failure to subsequent therapeutic stages. PMID: 32461539 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circ J Source Type: research
Authors: Peix A, García B Abstract Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide, and a health problem in low- and middle-income as well as high-income countries. They also constitute the main cause of death in Latin America, with ischemic heart disease as the principal cause in most countries of the region. In Cuba, heart disease is the first cause of death, followed by cancer and stroke. In its 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the UN recognizes the importance of chronic non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular diseases. Cuba has participated actively as lead partner in...
Source: MEDICC Review - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: MEDICC Rev Source Type: research
AbstractThe majority of patients hospitalized for heart failure (HF) are admitted to internal medicine (IM) rather than to cardiology (CA) units, but to date few studies have analyzed the characteristics of these two populations. In this snapshot survey, we compared consecutive patients admitted for HF in six IM units vs. one non-intensive CA unit. During the 6-month survey period, 467 patients were enrolled (127 in CA, 27.2% vs. 340 in IM, 72.8%). IM patients were almost 10  years older (CA 75 ± 10, IM 82 ± 8 years;p 
Source: Internal and Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractIn humans, it is acknowledged that dilated cardiomyopathy is also caused by infection-induced myocarditis. To evaluate whether the occurrence of lesions of dilated cardiomyopathy in cattle may be triggered by myocarditis, an adult Holstein-Friesian dairy cow which showed dilated cardiomyopathy associated with myocarditis was examined by histopathology. Traumatic pericarditis or idiopathic congestive heart failure was clinically suspected, and the animal was culled because of unfavorable prognosis. Histopathological examination revealed an intrinsic cardiomyopathic lesion that overlapped with myocarditis. Cardiomyoc...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Authors: Alfarih M, Syrris P, Arbustini E, Augusto JB, Hughes A, Lloyd G, Lopes LR, Moon JC, Mohiddin S, Captur G Abstract In a five-generation family carrying a novel frameshift LMNA variant (c.1434dupG, p.Leu479AlafsX72), imaging-augmented segregation analysis supports its association with lamin heart disease. Affected members exhibit conduction abnormalities, supraventricular and ventricular arrythmias, dilated cardiomyopathy with non-infarct pattern midwall septal fibrosis, heart failure and thromboembolic complications. PMID: 31788659 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Myologica - Category: Neurology Tags: Acta Myol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The high variability of morphological findings and clinical manifestations of LVNC results in frequent overlooking of this disorder. Therefore, it is important to make the specialists more familiar with this condition and its pathology. Magnetic resonance imaging represents a conducive method to make correct diagnosis of LVNC under several specific conditions, particularly in case of non-conclusive echocardiographic finding. PMID: 31785212 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neuroendocrinology Letters - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Neuro Endocrinol Lett Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic value of plasma growth and differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) level, GDF-15 mRNA expression in circulating mononuclear cells (MNCs), and plasma pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) level for heart failure in patients with different underlying cardiac diseases, namely dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and coronary artery heart disease (CAD), and assess their value in predicting the severity of heart failure and long-term cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. METHODS: Fasting venous blood samples were collected from 261 patients with DCM and 251 patients with CA...
Source: Journal of Southern Medical University - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao Source Type: research
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