A Social Dominance Theory Perspective on Attitudes Toward Girl Child Marriages in Turkey: The Legitimizing Role of Ambivalent Sexism
AbstractThe girl child marriage practice (a forced marriage involving a young woman under age 18) is a serious problem in Turkey as it is in many developing countries. It is important to investigate the reasons behind individuals ’ support for girl child marriages. The aim of the present study is to examine attitudes toward girl child marriages in Turkey within the perspective of social dominance theory (Sidanius and Pratto1999). Namely, we investigate the relationship between social dominance orientation and attitudes toward girl child marriages. We also examine the mediating role of ambivalent sexism (both hostile and benevolent) in this association. Students (N = 388) from two universities in Ankara completed the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory, the Social Dominance Orientation (SDO) Scale, and our Attitudes toward Girl Child Marriages Scale. Results indicate that men have more positive attitudes toward girl child marriages than women do. In addition, SDO p redicts positive attitudes toward girl child marriages. Also, hostile, but not benevolent, sexism mediates the relationship between SDO and attitudes toward girl child marriages. The present study shows that those who endorse male dominance and gender inequality also have more positive attitudes tow ard girl child marriages. It also shows that these people draw on their hostile attitudes toward women in order to legitimize these kinds of marriages.
CONCLUSIONS: The concept of soldier-centered care often emerges in discussions about optimal physical performance and medical readiness for soldiers. Although soldier-centered care and patient-centered care have similar conceptual underpinning, it is important to clarify the unique physical and medical requirements for soldiers that differentiate soldier-centered care from patient-centered care. Implementing the defining attributes of soldier-centered care in the U.S. Army primary care setting may improve the quality of care and health outcomes for soldiers. When defining performance metrics for primary care models of care...
Authors: Waller SG Abstract Three important but neglected principles of evaluation of global health engagement missions are stakeholder engagement, impact, and relative value. Implementing better M&E programs could be carried out in this fiscal year, without new appropriations or manpower. The result would be cost savings and improved security cooperation. PMID: 31942621 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: Clinica Chimica ActaAuthor(s): Guodong Zhao, Yong Ma, Hui Li, Shiming Li, Yun Zhu, Xiaoyu Liu, Shangmin Xiong, Yi Liu, Jin Miao, Sujuan Fei, Minxue Zheng, Xiangwei ZhaoAbstractBackgroundMethylated SFRP2 was previously reported as a non-invasive biomarker for colorectal cancer (CRC) detection with a relatively low sensitivity for early stage CRC. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of a new plasma based CRC screening assay, SpecColon test, which tested methylated SFRP2 and SDC2 simultaneously in a single qPCR reaction, in detecting CRC and advan...
CONCLUSIONS: MHR may be a significant and independent predictor of poor functional outcome in patients with AIS. PMID: 31941849 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Ieda N, Assadullah, Minabe S, Ikegami K, Watanabe Y, Sugimoto Y, Sugimoto A, Kawai N, Ishii H, Inoue N, Uenoyama Y, Tsukamura H Abstract Accumulating evidence suggests that kisspeptin neurons in the arcuate nucleus (ARC), which coexpress neurokinin B and dynorphin, are involved in gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)/luteinizing hormone (LH) pulse generation, while the anteroventral periventricular nucleus (AVPV) kisspeptin neurons are responsible for GnRH/LH surge generation. The present study aims to examine whether GnRH(1-5), a GnRH metabolite, regulates LH release via kisspeptin neurons. GnRH(1-5) was...
In conclusion, caffeine decreased oxidative stress and adipogenesis in GO orbital fibroblasts in vitro. These findings may contribute to the development of new types of caffeine-containing pharmacological agents for use in the management of GO. PMID: 31941844 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]