Multigene Panel Testing for Patients with Early-Onset Cancer of the Colon
In a recent note, I discused some theories about why the incidence of colonic cancer is increasing in younger patients (see:Why the Increased Incidence of Colonic Cancer Among Younger Americans?). Continuing in this same vein, a recent article I came across raised the issue of multigene panel testing to reveal genetic mutations in the roughly one-third of patents with early onset colonic cancer (see:Multigene Panel Testing Reveals Mutations in One-Third of Early Onset CRC Patients). Below is an excerpt from the article:Although the overall incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) has been decreasing in the United States over the past 15 to 20 years, the incidence of early-onset CRC has been increasing....[A]n important new study...used multigene panel testing to closely examine genetic mutations among CRC patients younger than 50.The researchers found that 16 percent of these patients did test positive for one or more genetic mutations, which might have important ramifications regarding heightened cancer risk for both the patients and their relatives.....[T]his study is the first time in which researchers used multigene panel testing to look at potentially important mutations among patients with early-onset CRC....The study of early-onset CRC patients was part of a larger study which included all CRC patients in Ohio, which is being run by theOhio Colorectal Cancer Prevention Initiative (OCCPI).OCCPI is a statewide program involving 51 hospitals that screens newly ...
Authors: Wang X, Wen Y, Xue L, Lu R, Tang H, Gao N, Zhang J, Xue Q PMID: 31961109 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Wang P, Xue L, Wang L, Tang H, Lv C, Xue Q PMID: 31961108 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Wu G, Ke J, Wang J, Zhu X, Xiong S PMID: 31961113 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Anterior-dominant prostate cancer is harder to detect and presents with higher prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels than prostate cancer in other locations, according to a database study.Reuters Health Information
When the patriarch of a Boston-area family was diagnosed with stage 3 pancreatic cancer, the family was told he needed to start treatment immediately.
AbstractGlioblastoma is a devastating tumor affecting the central nervous system with infiltrative capacity, high proliferation rate and chemoresistance. Therefore, it is urgent to find new therapeutic alternatives that improve this prognosis. Herein, we focused on tannic acid (TA) a polyphenol with antioxidant and antiproliferative activities. In this work, the antitumor and antioxidant effects of TA on rat (C6) glioblastoma cells and their cytotoxicity relative to primary astrocyte cultures were evaluated in vitro. Cells were exposed to TA of 6.25 to 75 μM for 24, 48 and/or 72 h. In addition, colony formati...
CONCLUSIONS: in our experience, surgery under ERAS protocols did not have an impact on decreasing global QOL in patients undergoing elective colorectal cancer surgery. The use of ERAS protocols in colorectal surgery achieves a positive influence, not only by decreasing surgical-related complications but also in terms of functional recovery, by decreasing the negative effects of surgery on patient QOL. PMID: 31960699 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsXJR played an important role in anti-BC through multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway mechanisms, in which quercetin and ursolic acid may be the key active components. The anticancer effect of multi-component application was better than that of a single component. This study not only deepened our understanding of the role of TCM in the prevention and treatment of diseases, but also provided a reference for the in-depth research, development and application of the ancient medicine.Graphical abstract
Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that SAA inhibited the migration and invasion of NPC cells, accompanied by downregulation of MMP-2 and inactivation of FAK, Src, and ERK pathways. These findings indicate a usefulness of SAA on restraining NPC invasion and metastasis.Graphical abstract
Authors: Gheorghiu ML, Badiu C Abstract Selenium (Se), an important oligoelement, is a component of the antioxidant system. Over the last decade, it has been ever more frequently discussed in the context of thyroid disorders. Graves' disease and Hashimoto's thyroiditis, differentiated thyroid cancer, and even endemic goiter may have common triggers that are activated by excess reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are involved in various stages of the pathogenesis of thyroid disorders. Most oxidative events occur in mitochondria, organelles that contain enzymes with Se as a cofactor. Mitochondria are responsible for...
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