Methohexital for analgosedation of ventilated intensive care patients : Prospective nonrandomized single center observational study on incidence of delirium.

[Methohexital for analgosedation of ventilated intensive care patients : Prospective nonrandomized single center observational study on incidence of delirium.] Anaesthesist. 2014 May 14; Authors: Volz D, Vogt A, Schütz M, Hopf HB Abstract BACKGROUND: Delirium is defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition, text revision (DSM-IV-TR) as a potentially reversible disturbance of consciousness and a change of cognition caused by a medical condition, drug intoxication, or medication side effect. Delirium affects up to 80 % of intensive care unit (ICU) patients and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. One risk factor for development of delirium in ventilated intensive care unit patients is sedation. The German S3 guidelines on "Analgesie, Sedierung und Delirmanagement in der Intensivmedizin" (analgesia, sedation and delirium management in intensive care medicine) of the DGAI (German Society for Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine) and the DIVI (German Interdisciplinary Association for Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine) recommend midazolam and propofol for sedation, although both drugs are associated with a high incidence of delirium. AIM: Within the framework of this study the question arose whether the barbiturate methohexital could be associated with a lower incidence of delirium in comparison to midazolam or propofol in analgosedated and ventilated ICU patients. ...
Source: Der Anaesthesist - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anaesthesist Source Type: research

Related Links:

AbstractPurposeBreast surgery is an exceedingly common procedure and associated with an increased incidence of acute and chronic pain. Preemptive regional anesthesia techniques may improve postoperative analgesia for patients undergoing breast surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of preoperative bilateral serratus plane block on postoperative opioid consumption in patients undergoing breast reduction surgery.MethodsAfter ethical board approval, 40 patients undergoing breast reduction surgery were randomized into 2 groups: control group (Group C,n = 20) and serratus plane block group (Grou...
Source: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusion In conclusion, it appears that LET is superior to conventional anesthesia including mepivacaine infiltration in the pediatric emergency departments. Pretreatment with LET is significantly less painful but equally effective. Hence, we recommend LET as a topical anesthetic in the pediatric emergency department. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusion: During laser for ROP, low dose fentanyl infusion was found to be efficacious in reducing pain as compared with 24% sucrose.What is Known:• Preterm infants undergoing laser photocoagulation for ROP suffer significant amount of pain.• Standard of care for pain relief in infants undergoing laser therapy in developed countries is general anesthesia (GA) or combination of sedation, analgesia, and paralysis (SAP).What is New:• During laser photocoagulation for ROP, fentanyl infusion at low dose (1 mcg/kg/hr) is efficacious in reducing pain as compared to 24% oral sucrose.
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: An analysis of consecutive Medicare patients (American Society of Anesthesiologists classes I-III) who underwent mostly 1-level and some 2-level ACDFs in an ASC setting demonstrates that surgical complications occur at a low rate with a safety profile similar to that reported for both inpatient ACDF and patients younger than 65 years. In an effort to reduce cost and improve efficiency of care, surgeons can safely perform ACDF in the Medicare population in an ASC environment utilizing patient selection criteria and perioperative management similar to those reported here. PMID: 31731271 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
Conclusions Continuous or intermittent wound infusion is safe and effective in reducing pain scores and opioid consumption in plastic surgery. Though the overall pain-lowering effect appears to be modest, ease of catheter insertion and patient satisfaction make this technique an alluring alternative to more validated approaches such as neuraxial or peripheral nerve blocks.
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Paper Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 November 2019Source: Fuß &SprunggelenkAuthor(s): N. Maffulli, R. AicaleAbstractIn the past three decades, the incidence of overuse tendinopathy has risen. Tendinopathy affects also middle-aged overweight patients with no history of increased physical activity. Tendinopathy is the result of a chronic failure of healing response. Several conservative therapeutic options have been proposed.The management of tendinopathy is primarily conservative, and many patients respond to such measures. Eccentric exercises and shock wave therapy provide promising excellent clinical results. H...
Source: Fuss and Sprunggelenk - Category: Podiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Pain relief during SWL operations is still a challenging issue for many clinicians. Our study demonstrates that, among many other anesthetic/analgesic agents and techniques described, unilateral US guided TAP block and diclofenac combination is a feasible option for pain relief during SWL procedures. PMID: 31697254 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research
Thoracic injuries present many challenges for management in the acute and inpatient settings, including achieving appropriate pain control. Traditional modalities, such as opioids and spinal epidural anesthesia, are associated with multiple complications. Ultrasound-guided regional nerve blocks are becoming more prevalent, and they have been shown to be an effective modality of pain control for other traumatic injuries. Models comprised of animal tissue to simulate human anatomy are widely utilized to facilitate training of needle-guided procedures, but no such model for the serratus anterior plane block has yet been defin...
Source: The Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Ultrasound in Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract Despite advances in medicine and numerous agents that counteract pain, millions of patients continue to suffer. Attention has been given to identify novel botanical interventions that produce analgesia by interacting with nociceptive-transducing channels. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the actual knowledge of Acmella oleracea (L.) and its activities, particularly those that are anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and painkiller. These activities are attributed to numerous bioactive compounds, such as phytosterols, phenolic compounds and N-alkylamides (spilanthol, responsible for many act...
Source: Fitoterapia - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Fitoterapia Source Type: research
This study compares the severity of postoperative complications in patients undergoing LRS who have received lidocaine intraoperatively either intravenously or via paravertebral administration versus saline.Methods/designWe will conduct a single-center randomized controlled trial involving 153 patients undergoing LRS through a thoracoscopic approach. The patients will be randomly assigned to one of the following study groups: intravenous lidocaine with more paravertebral thoracic (PVT) saline, PVT lidocaine with more intravenous saline, or intravenous remifentanil with more PVT saline. The primary outcome will be the compa...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
More News: Anesthesia | Anesthesiology | Diprivan | Emergency Medicine | Fentanyl | Intensive Care | Men | Nurses | Nursing | Pain | Pain Management | Propofol | Statistics | Study