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Thyroid lesions in patients with acromegaly - case-control study and update to the meta-analysis.

CONCLUSIONS: According to our results thyroid lesions were significantly more common in patients with acromegaly; in case of TC the difference was not significant. The updated meta-analysis showed significantly increased prevalence of both disorders. In conclusion, systematic thyroid examination should be an important part of follow-up in case of acromegalic patients. (Endokrynol Pol 2017; 68 (1): 2-6). PMID: 28255974 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Endokrynologia Polska - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Endokrynol Pol Source Type: research

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Acromegaly is a rare disorder caused by chronic growth hormone (GH) hypersecretion. While diagnostic and therapeutic methods have advanced, little information exists on trends in acromegaly characteristics over time. The Liège Acromegaly Survey (LAS) Database, a relational database, is designed to assess the profile of acromegaly patients at diagnosis and during long-term follow-up at multiple treatment centers. The following results were obtained at diagnosis. The study population consisted of 3173 acromegaly patients from ten countries; 54.5% were female. Males were significantly younger at diagnosis than females ...
Source: Endocrine-Related Cancer - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
It is debated if acromegalic patients have an increased risk to develop malignancies. The aim of the present study was to assess the standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) of different types of cancer in acromegaly on a large series of acromegalic patients managed in the somatostatin analogs era. It was evaluated the incidence of cancer in an Italian nationwide multicenter cohort study of 1512 acromegalic patients, 624 men and 888 women, mean age at diagnosis 45 ± 13 years, followed up for a mean of 10 years (12573 person-years) in respect to the general Italian population. Cancer was diagnosed in 124 patients, 72 wom...
Source: Endocrine-Related Cancer - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeAcromegaly is a disease associated with an increased risk for several kinds of neoplasms including colon and thyroid cancer. Although the association between acromegaly and pancreatic neoplasms has not been elucidated, it has recently been reported thatGNAS gene mutations were found in 58% of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs), which are representative pancreatic cystic lesions, suggesting a link between IPMNs and acromegaly. To assess the prevalence of pancreatic cystic lesions in patients with acromegaly, we performed a retrospective cross-sectional single institute study.MethodsThirty consec...
Source: Pituitary - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsMalignant neoplasms are significantly more common in patients with acromegaly. Particularly, risk of thyroid cancer was increased over fivefold. Systematic screening for neoplastic diseases should be important part of follow-up in these patients. Further case –control studies are strongly indicated to evaluate which neoplasms are more common in acromegalic patients and what is the exact risk of malignancy.
Source: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2017 Source:Best Practice & Research Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism Author(s): S. Pekic, M. Stojanovic, V. Popovic Growth hormone (GH) replacement in GH deficient (GHD) children secures normal linear growth, while in GHD adults it improves metabolic status, body composition and quality of life. Safety of GH treatment is an important issue in particular concerning the controversy of potential cancer risk. Unlike in congenital IGF-1 deficiency, there is no complete protection against cancer in GHD patients. Important modifiable risk factors in GHD patients are obes...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractCarney complex is a familial lentiginosis syndrome; these disorders cover a wide phenotypic spectrum ranging from a benign inherited predisposition to develop cutaneous spots not associated with systemic disease to associations with several syndromes. Carney complex is caused byPRKAR1A mutations and perturbations of the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) signaling pathway. In addition to the cutaneous findings, the main tumors associated with Carney complex are endocrine: 1) primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease, a bilateral adrenal hyperplasia leading to Cushing syndrome; 2) growth-hormone secret...
Source: Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Abstract Carney complex is a familial lentiginosis syndrome; these disorders cover a wide phenotypic spectrum ranging from a benign inherited predisposition to develop cutaneous spots not associated with systemic disease to associations with several syndromes. Carney complex is caused by PRKAR1A mutations and perturbations of the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) signaling pathway. In addition to the cutaneous findings, the main tumors associated with Carney complex are endocrine: 1) primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease, a bilateral adrenal hyperplasia leading to Cushing syndrome; 2) growth-hor...
Source: ENDOCR REV - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Rev Endocr Metab Disord Source Type: research
DiscussionPolycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects 6-8% of reproductive-age women making it the most common endocrinopathy in this age group. There is no consensus on the specific diagnostic criteria for PCOS in adolescents as many of the characteristics overlap with normal adolescent physiology. However, patients should have evidence of hyperandrogenism, oligo- or amenorrhea, and potentially polycystic ovaries. PCOS has a genetic component although a specific gene has not been identified. Incidence of PCOS is 20-40% for a woman with a family history. Hyperandrogenism Androgen levels change during puberty therefore actual ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that patients with acromegaly have an increased risk of thyroid cancer and therefore they should undergo regular screening with hormonal and ultrasound evaluation of the thyroid and FNAB when required. PMID: 27685924 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of B.U.ON. - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J BUON Source Type: research
ConclusionThyroid micro-carcinomas are probably over-diagnosed among acromegalic patients. In regard to colon cancer, there is no sufficient data to suggest that colon cancer risk is higher in acromegaly compared to the general population.
Source: Pituitary - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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