173: effectiveness of community and school- based interventions on control and prevention of tobacco use in adolescents: a randomized community intervention trial

Background and aims: Most consumers of tobacco begin to consume it before age 18. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of community and school-based interventions to reduce tobacco consumption in high school students. Methods: This was a randomized community intervention trial. We first selected two economically and culturally similar cities including Ajabshir and Malekan in East Azerbaijan province, Iran, then one city, Ajabshir, was randomly selected for intervention. The intervention included educational activities and community-based environmental policies. Final year high school students including 1965 and 2457 were participants of the study in the intervention and control group, respectively. The outcome was reduction in the prevalence of tobacco use. All analysis conducted in SPSS version 19 using paired t test, analysis of covariance, independent t-test and chi square. Results: Finally 1885 and 2302 participants in intervention and control groups (cities) were analyzed, respectively. Intervention significantly increased the awareness and prevented the adverse changes in attitude and attention to tobacco use (P
Source: BMJ Open - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Open access Oral Source Type: research

Related Links:

Journal Name: The International Journal of Biostatistics Issue: Ahead of print
Source: The International Journal of Biostatistics - Category: Statistics Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Clinical and public health guidelines have a role to play in promoting health equity by explicitly considering equity in the process of guideline development. PMID: 31537503 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Zeitschrift fur Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualitat im Gesundheitswesen - Category: Health Management Tags: Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes Source Type: research
A panel of experts discussed progress and looming risks in the health insurance market during the Sacramento Business Journal's  Trends&Innovations in Health Benefits&Care event on Sept. 5 at Arden Hills Country Club. Sacramento Business Journal Editor-in-Chief Adam Steinhauer moderated the conversation. The panelists included: Renee Bosley, senior vice president of employee benefits, Epic Insurance Brokers&Consultants Dr. Dan  Field, chief medical officer, MDstaffers William Huff, head…
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: Bayesian Network's features including graphical representation, easy belief updating, performance testing, and sensitivity analysis facilitate the process of predicting occupational incident probability including fall events. Proposed approach is a step toward quantitative risk analysis of occupational incidents. PMID: 31538862 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research
Abstract Despite the success of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockade by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) blockers, current therapies for hypertension and related cardiovascular diseases are still inadequate. Identification of additional components of the RAS and associated vasoactive pathways, as well as new structural and functional insights into established targets, have led to novel therapeutic approaches with the potential to provide improved cardiovascular protection and better blood pressure control and/or reduced adverse side effects. The simultaneo...
Source: Pharmacological Reviews - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Pharmacol Rev Source Type: research
Brain-computer interface technology is moving fast and Silicon Valley is moving in. Will we all soon be typing with our minds?Almost two years ago, Dennis Degray sent an unusual text message to his friend. “You are holding in your hand the very first text message ever sent from the neurons of one mind to the mobile device of another,” he recalls it read. “U just made history.”Degray, 66, has been paralysed from the collarbones down since an unlucky fall over a decade ago. He was able to send the message because in 2016 he had two tiny squares of silicon with protruding metal electrodes surgically im...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Neuroscience Computing Facebook Technology Source Type: news
Conclusions: The obtained results suggest that the occurrence of NC-CAH in premenopausal women may increase cardiometabolic risk. PMID: 31538536 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
Authors: Dong Y, Li G Abstract Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common forms of chronic liver disease in developed countries and is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and metabolic syndrome. It is defined as steatosis in over 5% of hepatocytes. The disease spectrum of NAFLD ranges from simple fatty liver to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, liver fibrosis, even hepatic cirrhosis. The disease affects various extra-hepatic systems such as the cardiovascular system and urinary system. Heart-related disease is identified as the leading cause of mor...
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This study reports the comprehensive changes of transporters, metabolizing enzymes, nuclear receptors, and ezrin/radixin/moesin proteins in the livers of BDL rats. The expression levels of nuclear receptors and radixin that regulate the transcription and localization of CYP and/or transporters were decreased by BDL. PMID: 31539322 [PubMed - in process]
Source: J Pharm Pharm Sci - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: J Pharm Pharm Sci Source Type: research
Abstract Currently, treatments for dengue infection are only symptomatic as no antiviral agents nor vaccines are available to combat this virus. Despite challenges faced by researchers, many efforts are ongoing to reduce cases of dengue infection either by targeting the vector or the virus. Vector population is monitored and reduced by using mechanical, chemical and biological controls. Chemical control is achieved either by using synthetic or natural insecticides where the latter is more preferable. In biological control, bacteria, fungi and larvivorous fish are utilised to reduce the vector population. Moreover,...
Source: J Pharm Pharm Sci - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: J Pharm Pharm Sci Source Type: research
More News: Azerbaijan Health | Education | Environmental Health | General Medicine | Middle East Health | Smokers | Students | Study | Teachers | Universities & Medical Training