Management of a Patient With Antiphospholipid Syndrome Undergoing Aortic Valve Replacement Using the Hepcon Hemostasis Management System Plus and Rotational Thromboelastometry: A Case Report

A 72-year-old woman with antiphospholipid syndrome underwent aortic valve replacement. Her preoperative activated partial thromboplastin time was 61.7 seconds and activated clotting time was 219 seconds. During cardiopulmonary bypass, the Hepcon Hemostasis Management System (HMS) Plus determined the heparin dose needed to maintain whole-body heparin at 3 U/mL. After cardiopulmonary bypass, 100 mg of protamine was administered based on heparin-protamine neutralization, and the activated clotting time decreased. We applied rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) to diagnose residual heparin using the INTEM/HEPTEM clotting time ratio. The HMS and ROTEM are useful for heparin-protamine control in antiphospholipid syndrome.
Source: A&A Case Reports - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Case Reports: Case Report Source Type: research

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We describe two patients with antiphospholipid syndrome presenting with neurologic events and large non-bacterial aortic valve vegetations. Both patients were successfully managed with anticoagulation and demonstrated rapid dissolution of lesions without evidence of recurrent embolic events. We provide a literature review describing additional cases managed with anticoagulation with dissolution of valvular lesions over time. Our cases further support the efficacy and safety of anticoagulation in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome and non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis in the context of arterial embolization. P...
Source: Lupus - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Lupus Source Type: research
A case report of a patient with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) with positive lupus anticoagulant and a mechanical mitral valve replacement (MVR) who presented with a thrombosis and difficult-to-control INRs. Current literature on anticoagulation options for patients who present with these conditions as well as alternate laboratory assays are reviewed. APS can present a unique complexity and challenge to appropriate anticoagulation on warfarin. Although there are emerging data regarding the use of novel oral anticoagulants to treat this condition, they do not justify their use in a patient with APS and an MVR because of a ...
Source: Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis - Category: Hematology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
We present the case of a 42-year old female who underwent mitral valve replacement with a mechanical valve 15 months ago. The postoperative course was uneventful, and echocardiography performed 14 months postoperatively showed good valve function. The patient developed sudden dyspnea 15 months postoperatively and was referred to our hospital. Echocardiography revealed mitral stenosis with stuck leaflets. Emergent re-mitral valve replacement was successfully performed using an On-X valve (On-X Life Technologies, Austin, TX, USA). The patient tested positive for antiphospholipid antibodies. Antiphospholipid syndrome should b...
Source: The Heart Surgery Forum - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Heart Surg Forum Source Type: research
Authors: Tanaka H, Nagai Y, Kuwabara C, Shimizu R, Umeki A, Yamamoto T Abstract Acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS) is a bleeding disorder caused by an acquired deficiency of von Willebrand factor (vWF). Some patients with AVWS show a low bleeding tendency and are diagnosed by the presence of a mild prolongation of activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) preoperatively. Another cause of APTT prolongation is the presence of antiphospholipid antibody (aPL). We experienced a case of AVWS due to aortic valve stenosis in a patient with aPL in whom aortic valve replacement surgery was successful with vWF replace...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
We report an APS patient who successfully underwent aortic valve replacement while heparin concentrations were monitored using a patientā€specific titration curve using viscoelastic coagulation testing.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: PERIOPERATIVE MANAGEMENT Source Type: research
Clinical introduction A 24-year-old male presented to the emergency department with intense pain in his right lower extremity. He has a medical history significant for systemic lupus erythematosus and antiphospholipid syndrome. He also had four prior episodes of deep venous thromboses on rivaroxaban. The patient stated that early in the morning, he started to feel intense pain that started from his knee and progressed to his calf, with associated numbness and paraesthesia. On physical examination, the limb felt cold with absent right popliteal and dorsalis pedis pulses. He was immediately taken for embolectomy after discov...
Source: Heart - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Drugs: cardiovascular system, Echocardiography, Image challenges, Interventional cardiology, Clinical diagnostic tests Source Type: research
Abstract Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune hypercoagulable disorder characterized by thrombophilia, vascular thrombosis, and recurrent abortions associated with persistent antiphospholipid antibodies. APS may exist in its primary form, or more commonly is found to be associated with variety of rheumatic disorders, such as systemic lupus erythematosus. Cardiac involvement is not an uncommon complication in primary antiphospholipid patients. Libman-Sacks lesions are typically small, sessile, and wart-like, varying in size from 1-4 mm. Here we present an unusual case of a 37 year-old pregnant woman who...
Source: The Heart Surgery Forum - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Heart Surg Forum Source Type: research
We describe 3 patients with antiphospholipid syndrome who had successful heart valve surgery at our institution. We have devised an institutional protocol for antiphospholipid syndrome patients, and all 3 patients were managed according to this protocol. An algorithm-based approach is recommended because it improves team work, optimizes treatment, and improves patient outcome.
Source: Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiac Source Type: research
We report a case of a 34year old woman with antiphospholipid antibody syndrome and SLE, who presented with mitral valve regurgitation. The patient underwent a prosthetic mitral valve replacement, with no followup complications. We suggest mechanical valve replacement employment in the management of mitral regurgitation in Libman–Sacks endocarditis, in view of the recent medical literature and our own case report.
Source: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Please wait while the activity loads. If this activity does not load, try refreshing your browser. Also, this page requires javascript. Please visit using a browser with javascript enabled. If loading fails, click here to try again Click on the 'Start' button to begin the mock test. After answering all questions, click on the 'Get Results' button to display your score and the explanations. There is no time limit for this mock test. Start Congratulations - you have completed DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Mock Test 11.You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%.Your performance has been rated as %%...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiology MCQ DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Featured Source Type: blogs
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