Similarity-based interference in sentence comprehension: Literature review and Bayesian meta-analysis
We report a comprehensive review of the published reading studies on retrieval interference in reflexive-/reciprocal-antecedent and subject-verb dependencies. We also provide a quantitative random-effects meta-analysis of eyetracking and self-paced reading studies. We show that the empirical evidence is only partly consistent with cue-based retrieval as implemented in the ACT-R-based model of sentence processing by Lewis and Vasishth (2005) (LV05) and that there are important differences between the reviewed dependency types. In non-agreement subject-verb dependencies, there is evidence for inhibitory interference in configurations where the correct dependent fully matches the retrieval cues. This is consistent with the LV05 cue-based retrieval account. By contrast, in subject-verb agreement as well as in reflexive-/reciprocal-antecedent dependencies, no evidence for inhibitory interference is found in configurations with a fully cue-matching subject/antecedent. In configurations with only a partially cue-matching subject or antecedent, the meta-analysis reveals facilitatory interference in subject-verb agreement and inhibitory interference in reflexives/reciprocals. The former is consistent with the LV05 account, but the latter is not. Moreover, the meta-analysis reveals that (i) interference type (proactive versus retroactive) leads to different effects in the reviewed dependency types and (ii) the prominence of the distractor strongly influences the interference effect. In...
PPAR-γ Agonists and Their Role in Primary Cicatricial Alopecia. PPAR Res. 2017;2017:2501248 Authors: Harnchoowong S, Suchonwanit P Abstract Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR-γ) is a ligand-activated nuclear receptor that regulates the transcription of various genes. PPAR-γ plays roles in lipid homeostasis, sebocyte maturation, and peroxisome biogenesis and has shown anti-inflammatory effects. PPAR-γ is highly expressed in human sebaceous glands. Disruption of PPAR-γ is believed to be one of the mechanisms of primary cicatricial alopecia (PCA) pathoge...
The president scored a 30 out of 30 on a cognitive assessment during his physical last week, his doctor told reporters
Conclusions: The hierarchical structure of the CART model provides a diagnostic algorithm linked with the risk of malignancy at every step of the procedure. It also provides guidance on the use of ancillary examinations as it goes by simple, human understandable rules.Acta Cytologica
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The risk for type 2 diabetes was reduced by almost half throughout their childbearing years for women who breastfed for 6 months or longer, a study found.Medscape Medical News
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - U.S. President Donald Trump passed a cognitive test and is in overall excellent health, but needs to lose 10 to 15 pounds (4.5 to 6.8 kg) by eating better and starting to exercise, the White House physician said on Tuesday.
CONCLUSION: Our findings do not support epicardial fat's beneficial effects on bone health, whereas general adiposity has an osteotropic effect. The association between EFT and BMC is through common genetic component factors. PMID: 29332861 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: Affected infants and toddlers in Fukushima suggested some growth disturbances and early adiposity rebound, which can cause obesity. The future growth of children affected by disasters should be followed carefully. PMID: 29332860 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Los Angeles-based model Lauren Wasser, 29, lost her right leg in 2012 and had the other one amputated last week. 'Life is about to be so different, again!' she said in a post before the surgery.
In this study, eleven volunteers (aged 37-52) took six early-afternoon naps (30 minutes) in their occupational workplace, under two different conditions: control 'Naps' or 'Naps + RT' with a within-subjects design. Our results demonstrate that adding RT to naps changes sleep architecture, with a significant increase in the TST, mostly due to N2 sleep stage (and N3, to a lesser extent). Therefore, the deepening of short naps with RT involving hypnosis might be a successful non-pharmacological way to extend sleep duration and to deepen sleep in occupational settings. PMID: 29332862 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]