New Antibiotics Urgently Needed to Combat Resistant Bacteria

Credit: WHO/Jim HolmesBy IPS World DeskROME/GENEVA, Feb 28 2017 (IPS)The United Nations health organisation has just published its first ever list of antibiotic-resistant “priority pathogens” – a catalogue of 12 families of bacteria that pose the greatest threat to human health. The list was drawn up in a bid to guide and promote research and development (R&D) of new antibiotics, as part of the World Health Organization (WHO) efforts to address growing global resistance to antimicrobial medicines.The list highlights in particular the threat of gram-negative bacteria that are resistant to multiple antibiotics. These bacteria have built-in abilities to find new ways to resist treatment and can pass along genetic material that allows other bacteria to become drug-resistant as well, WHO reported on Feb. 27.“This list is a new tool to ensure R&D responds to urgent public health needs,” says Dr Marie-Paule Kieny, WHO’s Assistant Director-General for Health Systems and Innovation. “Antibiotic resistance is growing, and we are fast running out of treatment options. If we leave it to market forces alone, the new antibiotics we most urgently need are not going to be developed in time.”New resistance mechanisms are emerging and spreading globally, threatening our ability to treat common infectious diseases, resulting in prolonged illness, disability, and death.Without effective antimicrobials for prevention and treatment of infections, med...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: Global & Universal Authors: Tags: Featured Global Headlines Health Human Rights TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Christian Radmayr
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur study found that the decision-making process in ESRD is multifactorial and involves not only medical factors, but also assessment of social factors, quality of life, and patient/family preference. Bettering our understanding of this decision-making process will positively impact patients and families through more informed decision-making.
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractCardiovascular disease (CVD) is a life-limiting comorbidity in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In childhood, imaging studies have demonstrated early phenotypic characteristics including increases in left ventricular mass, carotid artery intima-media thickness, and pulse wave velocity, which occur even in young children with early stages of CKD. Vascular calcifications are the signature of an advanced phenotype and are mainly found in adolescents and young adults treated with dialysis. Association studies have provided valuable information regarding the significance of a multitude of risk factors in prom...
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundEnteral feeding by tube in chronic kidney disease (CKD) before 2 years of age improves growth. Whether it is effective after this age is unknown. We assessed whether height and weight SDS changed after tube feeding was started in children with CKD above 2 years of age.MethodsRetrospective study of pre-transplant, pre-pubertal children (
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe 20-year follow-up analysis of pediatric renal care services in European countries revealed that pediatric nephrology has become a well-established subspecialty in pediatrics and nephrology in 2017. The ESPN will continue its efforts to further improve pediatric renal care for European children by harmonizing remaining disparities of renal care services.
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundBecause of the severe shortage of suitable deceased donors, ABO-incompatible living donor kidney transplantation (ABOi LDKT) is performed even in pediatric recipients in Japan. We performed pediatric ABOi LDKT using rituximab without anti-A/B antibody removal.MethodsThirteen pediatric recipients (mean age 7.4, range 3.4 –15.7, four females) whose baseline anti-A/B IgG titers were ≤ × 64 underwent ABOi LDKT without antibody removal and splenectomy between July 2013 and April 2017 at Toho University. Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) was initiated on day − 10. Rituximab (...
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Resumo Este artigo avalia a rela ção de custos entre a saúde pública e a implementação do saneamento básico na capital da Guiné-Bissau. Analisaram-se seis cenários, incluindo três opções para o sistema de esgotamento sanitário (sistema coletivo com rede coletora e estação elevatória de esgoto, sistema simplificado i ndividual por latrina e sistema coletivo completo com rede coletora, estação elevatória e estação de tratamento de esgoto) e duas para o sistema de abastecimento de &...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Resumo Este artigo avalia a rela ção de custos entre a saúde pública e a implementação do saneamento básico na capital da Guiné-Bissau. Analisaram-se seis cenários, incluindo três opções para o sistema de esgotamento sanitário (sistema coletivo com rede coletora e estação elevatória de esgoto, sistema simplificado i ndividual por latrina e sistema coletivo completo com rede coletora, estação elevatória e estação de tratamento de esgoto) e duas para o sistema de abastecimento de &...
Source: Saude e Sociedade - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionIndiana pouch is a successful continence urinary reservoir with a reproductible technique, however long-term observation is needed.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionDirect-to-implant IBR after skin-sparing mastectomy is a viable option for breast cancer patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy.ResumenIntroducciónLa reconstrucción inmediata (RMI) tras mastectomía en pacientes que han recibido quimioterapia neoadyuvante (QTNA) sigue siendo controvertida. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar y comparar resultados oncológicos y las tasas de complicaciones y reintervención en pacientes sometidas a QTNA y un grupo control.MétodosAnálisis observacional retrospectivo de casos-controles. Pacientes con cáncer de mama inter...
Source: Cirugia Espanola - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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