New Clinical Advisory: Randomized, Multi-Center, Phase III Study of Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation Comparing Regimen Intensity in Patients with Myelodysplastic Syndrome or Acute Myeloid Leukemia (BMT CTN 0901)

The National Institutes of Health's National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute has suspended enrollment for the clinical study BMT CTN 0901 conducted by the Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network (BMT CTN) after preliminary data appeared to show benefit for one approach to the intensity of conditioning for allogeneic stem cell transplantations in patients eligible for the study.
Source: PubMed New and Noteworthy - Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

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Markus Hartl* and Rainer Schneider Center of Molecular Biosciences (CMBI), Institute of Biochemistry, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria The neuronal proteins GAP43 (neuromodulin), MARCKS, and BASP1 are highly expressed in the growth cones of nerve cells where they are involved in signal transmission and cytoskeleton organization. Although their primary structures are unrelated, these signaling proteins share several structural properties like fatty acid modification, and the presence of cationic effector domains. GAP43, MARCKS, and BASP1 bind to cell membrane phospholipids, a process reversibly regulate...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Myelodysplastic syndromes patients receiving Azacitidine and who had dose reduction before achieving the objective response had significantly lower overall survivals and progression ‐free survivals compared to patients who had dose reduction after achieving the objective response, and we strongly recommend that this should be taken in high consideration when proceeding to dose reduction. AbstractWe performed a retrospective analysis of 93 myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) patients with intermediate 2 or high ‐risk IPSS score to study the impact of Azacitidine (AZA) relative dose intensity (RDI)
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
AbstractPatients with Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) and secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia (sAML) have a very poor prognosis after failure of hypomethylating agents (HMA). Stem cell transplantation is the only effective salvage therapy, for which only a limited number of patients are eligible due to age and comorbidity. Combination therapy of venetoclax and azacitidine (5-AZA) seems to be a promising approach in myeloid malignancies, but data from patients with HMA failure are lacking. Furthermore, a considerable concern of combination regimens in elderly AML and MDS patients is the toxicity on the remaining healthy hemato...
Source: Experimental Hematology and Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, we characterized MDS-associated SRSF2 mutants (P95H, P95L, and P95R). We found that those mutants and wild-type SRSF2 proteins showed nuclear localization in HeLa cells. In vitro splicing reaction also revealed that mutant proteins associated with both precursor and spliced mRNAs, suggesting that the mutants directly participate in splicing. We established the human myeloid leukemia K562 cell lines that stably expressed myc-tagged wild-type or mutant SRSF2 proteins, and then performed RNA-sequence to analyze the splicing pattern of each cell line. The results revealed that both wild-type and mutants affected...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conditions:   Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute;   Myelodysplastic Syndromes Intervention:   Drug: JNJ-67571244 Sponsor:   Janssen Research & Development, LLC Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusions 1. For the first time rejuvenation therapy was started so late, at the point when half of the animals had already died, and the high (31 ± 5%) extension in maximal lifespan of the remaining animals was found. such significant effect on the maximal lifespan, unlike the median lifespan fluctuations, indicates that BM transplantation affects the intrinsic aging mechanism. The life-extending effect was significantly stronger than in earlier works with similar design (no irradiation or chemotherapy, no hereditary pathologies in recipients, advanced age at the start of the BM administration) because of (i) th...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Source: Annals of Hematology - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 April 2019Source: Leukemia Research ReportsAuthor(s): Meiyu Chen, Jie Liu, Wei Qin, Qian Wang, Ri Zhang, Hongying ChaoAbstractThe natural history of primary hypereosinophilia remains poorly defined, given the underlying disease heterogeneity. Recently, targeted NGS helps to establish clonality in a subset of patients with hypereosinophilia. We first reported the clonal evolution in a long-term follow-up patient with hypereosinophilia. This case initially presented with chronic eosinophilic leukemia, not otherwise specified (CEL-NOS), successively transformed to myelodysplastic syndromes...
Source: Leukemia Research Reports - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
This study proposed a pilot study of a new tool for a reliable and accurate stratification of patients with acute leukemia based on an integrative model of leukemia behavior, cell characterization, and clinical features, in addition, to an evaluation of intra-tumor and inter-tumor heterogeneity. Together our approach allows us to introduce an integrative quantitative approach to use zebrafish and tumor characterization as a prediction tool for the behavior of acute leukemia in young adults. Materials and Methods Animal Care and Handling Zebrafish wild-type (A/B and TAB5) adults were raised and maintained according to st...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study demonstrated that the incidence of ischemic heart disease and death were three times higher among men with low birth weight compared to men with high birth weight (5). Epidemiological investigations of adults born at the time of the Dutch famine between 1944 and 1945 revealed an association between maternal starvation and a low infant birth weight with a high incidence of hypertension and coronary heart disease in these adults (23). Furthermore, Painter et al. reported the incidence of early onset coronary heart disease among persons conceived during the Dutch famine (24). In that regard, Barker's findin...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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