Optimized detection and characterization of liver metastases : The role of current MRI contrast agents.

This article describes the role of extracellular and hepatobiliary contrast agents for the detection and characterization of liver metastases. Moreover, the current knowledge on safety, sequence optimization, transient severe dyspnea and the combination of hepatobiliary with intravascular contrast agents for liver imaging is discussed. PMID: 28204853 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Radiologe - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

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AbstractPurpose of ReviewContrarily to what happens with rectal cancer, the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the assessment of colon cancer has been limited. However, we may witness a ‘paradigm shift’ in the future. Classically, colon cancer has been assessed by computed tomography (CT) which is considered the workhorse for evaluating this neoplasm as it provides insights not only about local and regional disease as well as about distant metastases. However, as the accuracy o f CT is somewhat limited, recent reports about the use of MRI in colon cancers have been published. In this review we will ass...
Source: Current Colorectal Cancer Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionCRT should be considered for cT3N0 patients, but its timing (neoadjuvant vs. adjuvant) seems not to affect the disease-free survival in the present cohort of patients.
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Conclusion: An international consensus definition for the rectum is the point of the sigmoid take-off as visualized on imaging. The sigmoid take-off can be identified as the mesocolon elongates as the ventral and horizontal course of the sigmoid on axial and sagittal views respectively on cross-sectional imaging. Routine application of this landmark during multidisciplinary team discussion for all patients will enable greater consistency in tumour localisation.
Source: Annals of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES Source Type: research
ConclusionAside from one reader demonstrating increased sensitivity, no significant difference in accuracy parameters or inter-observer agreement was found between MR using b800 and b1500 for the detection of residual tumor after neoadjuvant CRT for LARC. However, there was a suggestion of a trend towards increased sensitivity with b1500, and further studies using larger cohorts may be needed to further investigate this topic.
Source: Abdominal Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Rationale: Uterine adenosarcoma (UA) with sarcomatous overgrowth (ASSO) is a rare and aggressive disease. Herein, wereported the case of a young patient with advanced uterine ASSO. Patients concerns: A 29-year-old woman with the diagnoses of endometrial polyp and adenomyosis underwent hysteroscopic endometrial polypectomy for the giant endometrial polyp. Postoperative regular ultrasound scan indicated thickened endometriumand an ill-defined mass with continuous enlargement in the myometrium of the posterior wall of the uterus, which was considered as an adenomyoma. Two years after hysteroscopy, she was re-admitted due...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Rationale: Colorectal cancer is the most common type of cancer leading to death; approximately 10% to 25% of rectal cancer patients present with synchronous colorectal liver metastases. However, the management of synchronous colorectal liver metastases is difficult, especially for patients unable to tolerate chemotherapy or surgery. To date, the optimum treatment of colorectal liver metastasis patients remains controversial, and the curative effect is unsatisfactory. Therefore, we established a novel therapeutic approach to treat colorectal liver metastases employing radiotherapy plus immunotherapy. Patient concerns: ...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Parasitic diseases, such as those caused by Fasciola hepatica, should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of primary or metastatic liver tumors, such as colorectal cancer liver metastasis, in patients living in endemic areas. PMID: 31528248 [PubMed]
Source: World Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: World J Hepatol Source Type: research
Conclusions: In 3D brachytherapy of cervical cancer, GO and IPSA optimizations do not present a significant difference in target dose coverage; nevertheless, IPSA may reduce the maximum dose to normal tissue when compared with GO. PMID: 31523240 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Contemp Brachytherapy Source Type: research
Abstract Thirty per cent of all colorectal tumours develop in the rectum. The location of the rectum within the bony pelvis and its proximity to vital structures presents significant therapeutic challenges when considering neoadjuvant options and surgical interventions. Most patients with early rectal cancer can be adequately managed by surgery alone. However, a significant proportion of patients with rectal cancer present with locally advanced disease and will potentially benefit from down staging prior to surgery. Neoadjuvant therapy involves a variety of options including radiotherapy, chemotherapy used alone o...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Discussion: The majority of studies examining the relationship between CT based body composition and systemic inflammation were in primary operable diseases and in patients with colorectal cancer. These studies showed that there was a consistent association between low skeletal muscle mass and the presence of a systemic inflammatory response. These findings have important implications for the definition of cancer cachexia and its treatment.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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