Genotyping and investigating capsular polysaccharide synthesis gene loci of non-serotypeable Streptococcus suis isolated from diseased pigs in Canada

This study provides further insight in understanding the genetic characteristics ofcps loci in non-serotypeableS. suis strains recovered from diseased animals. When using a combination of the previously described 35 serotypes and the complete NCL system, the number of untypeable strains recovered from diseased animals in Canada would be significantly reduced.
Source: Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

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This study assessed the prevalence, risk factors, and co-infectivity of CTBP such as piroplasms, rickettsiae, Coxiella burnetii, hepatozoa, hemotropic mycoplasmas, and Borrelia spp., using PCR and phylogenetic analyses. Of the 510 dogs tested, three CTBP, including Anaplasma phagocytophilum 16S rRNA (13; 2.6%), Hepatozoon canis 18S rRNA (2; 0.4%), and Mycoplasma haemocanis 16S rRNA (1; 0.2%) were detected. PCR adapted to amplify A. phagocytophilum msp2 and groEL genes generated amplicons thereof in two out of 13 positive dogs. One shelter dog was co-infected with A. phagocytophilum and M. haemocanis. However, Ehrlichia spp...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Hein Sprong, Sander Moonen, Sipke E. van Wieren, Tim R. HofmeesterAbstractCattle grazing has been suggested to reduce the risk for Lyme borreliosis by decreasing the density of questing Ixodes ricinus infected with Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato. We tested the hypotheses that cattle grazing used in woodland management decreases the density of questing I. ricinus, and that it decreases the nympal infection prevalence of B. burgdorferi sensu lato. We further expected the nympal infection prevalence of tick-borne pathogens that ...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our in vitro and in vivo experimental findings show that P1 possesses antiviral activity against JEV infections, is safe to use, and has potential for further development as an antiviral treatment against JEV infections.
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
ConclusionWe report a second case of tsutsugamushi disease with multi-organ dysfunction syndrome and immune thrombocytopenia, which resolved after treatment and extensive care.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: Marked difference noted between two groups in Aptt prolongation, INR elevation, ALT level, S.Fibrinogen, CCHF IgM positivity, major bleeding symptoms and CNS involvement while no such major difference seen in other parameters like platelet count, total WBC count and other clinical parameters. Further study with large sample size from indian patients needed to confirm above findings. PMID: 31801328 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Conclusion: Mosquitoes and midges have got a crucial role in the transmission of arboviruses. The risk of occurrence for the investigated arboviruses will continue depending upon many factors including the presence of these viruses in Turkey and its neighboring countries, uncontrolled livestock movements, global warming and climate changes. PMID: 31803784 [PubMed]
Source: Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Arthropod Borne Dis Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2019Source: Research in Veterinary ScienceAuthor(s): Marta Perez-Sancho, Teresa García-Seco, Concepción Porrero, Nerea García, Susana Gomez-Barrero, Jose María Cámara, Lucas Domínguez, Julio ÁlvarezAbstractFeral pigeons have increased in urban settings worldwide becoming a potential health risk for humans and other animals. Control and surveillance programs are essential to prevent the possible transmission of zoonotic pathogens carried by pigeons. A surveillance program was carried out in Madrid City (Spain) during 2005–20...
Source: Research in Veterinary Science - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of a set of HEV control strategies on pig farms. Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with farmers, veterinarians and farming advisors to collect general data, their level of knowledge of HEV, their opinion on the technical feasibility of certain changes in practices, their perception of the respective responsibilities of the different stakeholders, and their feelings about the importance of the issue, following the framework of the Theory of Planned Behaviour. The interviews made it possible to highlight potential barriers and preferred motivators f...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Abstract Zoonotic monkey B virus (Macacine alphaherpesvirus 1; BV) infections are extremely serious and usually fatal. Drugs currently used for treatment were developed for the treatment of herpes simplex virus but are less effective against BV. Effective suppression of viral replication in the skin could prevent the virus from invading the nervous system. To test this hypothesis, the efficacy of topical administration of several drugs against lethal BV infection was evaluated in female BALB/c mice that were infected by scarification. Drugs were then applied to the site of inoculation. As 3% preparations, most dru...
Source: Comparative Medicine - Category: Zoology Authors: Tags: Comp Med Source Type: research
This study demonstrates the presence of TSCT in Dar es Salaam, however, NCC was only associa ted with a few cases of epilepsy. The small fraction of PWE with cysticercosis- and taeniasis-Abs may suggest that active transmission ofT.solium plays only a minor role in Dar es Salaam. A sufficiently powered risk analysis was hampered by the small number of PWE with TSCT; therefore, further studies are required to determine the exact routes of infection and risk behavior of affected individuals.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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