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Self-monitoring for speech errors: Two-stage detection and repair with and without auditory feedback

Publication date: August 2017 Source:Journal of Memory and Language, Volume 95 Author(s): Sieb G. Nooteboom, Hugo Quené Two experiments are reported, eliciting segmental speech errors and self-repairs. Error frequencies, detection frequencies, error-to-cutoff times and cutoff-to-repair times were assessed with and without auditory feedback, for errors against four types of segmental oppositions. Main hypotheses are (a) prearticulatory and postarticulatory detection of errors is reflected in a bimodal distribution of error-to-cutoff times; (b) after postarticulatory error detection repairs need to be planned in a time-consuming way, but not after prearticulatory detection; (c) postarticulatory error detection depends on auditory feedback. Results confirm hypotheses (a) and (b) but not (c). Internal and external detection are temporally separated by some 500ms on average, fast and slow repairs by some 700ms. Error detection does not depend on audition. This seems self-evident for prearticulatory but not for postarticulatory error detection. Theoretical implications of these findings are discussed.
Source: Journal of Memory and Language - Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

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We would like to tell you about the December issue of the Journal of Vascular Surgery and some of the key articles. The first paper, by Chandra and co-authors from Stanford, entitled “Management and outcomes of symptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysms during the past 20 years,” compares symptomatic patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), defined as those who had new onset abdominal pain or aneurysm tenderness with no rupture found by computed tomography scan or in the operating room. In these patients, the repair of AAA was primarily open from 1995 to 2004 and evolved to primarily endovascular repair ...
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Journal of Vascular Surgery – December 2017 Audiovisual Summary Source Type: research
The aim is to present current results of open complex aortic repair in patients with connective tissue disease (CTD).
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Selected Abstract from the November Issue of the European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Source Type: research
The aim was to assess the survival of patients who had been turned down for repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and to examine the factors influencing this.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Selected Abstract from the November Issue of the European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Source Type: research
I support and appreciate the recent examination of gender differences in the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) recently addressed by Deery et  al in this publication.1 The authors make a compelling case that women are likely to be underserved where endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is concerned and, as a result, are at higher risk for 30-day death and major complications. Other studies have concurred with the higher rate of female comp lications.2-5
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
We appreciate your comments about our work and are eagerly anticipating the first publications from the TriVascular Evaluation of Females Who Are Underrepresented Candidates for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair (LUCY) study. We agree that the outcomes in women with abdominal aortic aneurysms have repeatedly been shown to be suboptimal, and these data can no longer be overlooked. As Dr Ash described, women have been poorly represented in all major randomized, controlled trials and are likely also to be under-represented in retrospective series, including ours, of outcomes in patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair ...
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
A 21-year-old woman with a history of congenital middle aortic syndrome presented with recurrent, refractory hypertension (141/94  mm Hg) and bilateral lower extremity claudication. At 3 years old, the patient had undergone a thoracoabdominal bypass graft with an 8-mm Dacron (DuPont, Wilmington, Del) conduit. A volume-rendered computed tomography study with contrast demonstrated the 8-mm thoracoabdominal bypass graft was pat ent, without evidence of stenosis of the bypass graft or of any visceral vessels (A/Cover).
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Vascular images Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Our findings suggest that targeted regulation of Notch1 signaling may have a useful effect on stem cell transformation. Notch1 signaling may have a potential brain-protection effect, which may result from neurogenesis. PMID: 29150595 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
AbstractIn almost all human tissues and organs, adult stem cells or tissue stem cells are present in a unique location, the so-called stem cell niche or its equivalent, continuously replenishing functional differentiated cells. Those endogenous stem cells can be expanded for cell therapeutics usingex vivo cell culture or recalled for tissue repairin situ through cell trafficking and homing. In the aging process, inefficiency in the endogenous stem cell –mediated healing mechanism can emerge from a variety of impairments that accumulate in the processes of stem cell self-renewal, function, differentiation capacity, an...
Source: Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the highly proliferating C2A subtype is characterized by TOP2A gene up‐regulation and FA pathway activation and HB therapeutic arsenal could include Bortezomib for the treatment of patients with the most aggressive tumors. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Hepatology - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Liver Biology and Pathobiology Source Type: research
Conclusions The type of suture technique had no significant effect on complication rates after Snodgrass hypospadias repair and thus the choice of technique depends on surgeon preference.
Source: Arab Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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