Self-monitoring for speech errors: Two-stage detection and repair with and without auditory feedback

Publication date: August 2017 Source:Journal of Memory and Language, Volume 95 Author(s): Sieb G. Nooteboom, Hugo Quené Two experiments are reported, eliciting segmental speech errors and self-repairs. Error frequencies, detection frequencies, error-to-cutoff times and cutoff-to-repair times were assessed with and without auditory feedback, for errors against four types of segmental oppositions. Main hypotheses are (a) prearticulatory and postarticulatory detection of errors is reflected in a bimodal distribution of error-to-cutoff times; (b) after postarticulatory error detection repairs need to be planned in a time-consuming way, but not after prearticulatory detection; (c) postarticulatory error detection depends on auditory feedback. Results confirm hypotheses (a) and (b) but not (c). Internal and external detection are temporally separated by some 500ms on average, fast and slow repairs by some 700ms. Error detection does not depend on audition. This seems self-evident for prearticulatory but not for postarticulatory error detection. Theoretical implications of these findings are discussed.
Source: Journal of Memory and Language - Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

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Publication date: August 2018Source: The American Journal of Surgery, Volume 216, Issue 2Author(s): Hui-Zi Li, Yu-Sheng Cheng, Xiao-Feng Wang, Wu Pan
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsProphylactic alpha-blockade reduces urinary retention following elective inguinal hernia surgery under general or spinal anaesthetic.
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
DiscussionThe reoperation for recurrence rate differed significantly between men and women. As regards the technique used for primary repair, laparoscopic groin hernia repair lowered the risk of reoperation for recurrence in women whereas it doubled the risk in men.
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionMesh sutured closure represents a simplified and effective surgical strategy for contaminated midline incisional hernia repair.
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionIn patients with combined colon and renal injuries, it seems reasonable to treat each organ on its own merit, without the expectation of increased morbidity or mortality. In the non-damage control setting, most colonic injuries may be safely repaired, and a peri-renal haematoma that is not expanding or actively bleeding may be safely left alone.
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
I made the pilgrimage to storied Manhattan last week for the first conference organized by the Life Extension Advocacy Foundation (LEAF), titled Ending Age-Related Diseases. It was well organized, all in all a very professional effort. Congratulations are due to the volunteers who set it all up and kept everything moving smoothly. The attendees were a mix of researchers, entrepreneurs, advocates, interested members of the public, and investors of various stripes - a good mix, one that in the present excitable market environment provoked a great deal of useful networking. The presentations were recorded and will star...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Healthy Life Extension Community Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: The present study suggested that the repair effect of nasal mucosa-derived MSCs in orbital fracture is achieved by facilitating the expressions of osteogenic markers Runx2, OCN, OPN and BSP. However, the pathways of actions are unknown and further studies are required to elucidate the concrete mechanism. PMID: 30018713 [PubMed]
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
Authors: Jin Z, Xu L, Zhang L, Zhao M, Li D, Ye L, Ma Y, Ren S, Yu H, Wang D, Liang C, Chen B Abstract Interleukin enhancer binding factor 2 (ILF2) participates in several aspects of DNA and RNA metabolism and regulates gene expression at multiple levels; however, its role in breast cancer remains undefined. The variant statuses of ILF2 in human breast cancer were evaluated using the COSMIC database. Altered ILF2 expression in normal breast tissue relative to cancer tissue and in breast cancer patients with different clinicopathological characteristics, molecular subtypes, clinical outcomes and chemotherapy respons...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
Authors: Kosinski LR, Gil JA, Durand WM, DeFroda SF, Owens BD, Daniels AH Abstract OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to identify patient characteristics that increase risk for unplanned readmission within 30 days of an initial hospital stay after outpatient rotator cuff repair (RCR). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed utilizing the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) datasets from 2012-2015. Patients were preliminarily included in the study based on the presence of a primary Common Procedural Terminology (CPT) code for rotator cuff repair (23410, 23412, 23420, and 2...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research
Authors: Bracesco N, Sosa V, Blanc L, Contreras V, Candreva EC, Salvo VA, Hocart S, Mechoso B, Nunes E Abstract DNA repair pathways, cell cycle checkpoints, and redox protection systems are essential factors for securing genomic stability. The aim of the present study was to analyze the effect of Ilex paraguariensis (Ip) infusion and one of its polyphenolic components rutin on cellular and molecular damage induced by ionizing radiation. Ip is a beverage drank by most inhabitants of Argentina, Paraguay, Southern Brazil, and Uruguay. The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae (SC7Klys 2-3) was used as the eukaryotic model. E...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research - Category: Research Tags: Braz J Med Biol Res Source Type: research
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