Clinical indications for high-resolution MRI diagnostics of the peripheral nervous system.

[Clinical indications for high-resolution MRI diagnostics of the peripheral nervous system]. Radiologe. 2017 Feb 10;: Authors: Godel T, Weiler M Abstract CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Peripheral neuropathies are common and diagnostically often challenging disorders. Difficulties particularly exist in lesion localization and recognition of complex spatial lesion patterns. STANDARD DIAGNOSTIC METHODS: Medical history taking, neurological examination, neurophysiological tests and nerve ultrasonography represent the gold standard in the diagnosis of peripheral nerve lesions but have known methodical limitations. METHODICAL INNOVATIONS: The use of 3 Tesla magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) is an additional diagnostic imaging tool recently developed for the high-resolution visualization of long segments of peripheral nerves. Reasonable clinical indications for MRN are exemplarily presented. PERFORMANCE: Using MRN a direct visualization and thus precise localization of focal and non-focal peripheral nerve lesions of various origins can be achieved with high spatial resolution down to the anatomical level of nerve fascicles. ACHIEVEMENTS: Using MRN large anatomical areas of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) can be covered in a single examination session, spatial nerve lesion patterns can be evaluated and the underlying causes can often be detected. PRACTICAL RECOMMENDATIONS: The MRN is a valuable supplement to the diagnos...
Source: Der Radiologe - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

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Conclusions. The nerve roots of CIDP, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type-1, and polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M protein, and skin changes syndrome were difficult to distinguish by MRN. Atypical CIDP patients had less nerve root injury compared with typical CIDP patients. MRN of either the brachial plexus or the lumbosacral plexus had a high diagnostic accuracy for CIDP, and it is not necessary to perform both parts of the examination. Level of Evidence: 2
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: DIAGNOSTICS Source Type: research
Condition:   Chemotherapy-induced Peripheral Neuropathy Intervention:   Drug: Cannabidiol 100 MG/ML Sponsors:   Zealand University Hospital;   University of Copenhagen Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionGanglioside monosialic acid potentially decreases severe utidelone plus capecitabine-induced peripheral neuropathy in metastatic breast cancer, and further investigation is needed to validate the manageable efficacy of GM1 in CIPN.Clinical Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov, identifier NCT02253459.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Peripheral neuropathies including Guillain ‐Barré syndrome may be linked to life‐threatening COVID‐19. Plasma exchange is a safe rescue therapy in severe COVID‐19 with associated neurological manifestations and thromboinflammation. AbstractPeripheral neuropathies including Guillain ‐Barré syndrome may be linked to life‐threatening COVID‐19. Plasma exchange is a safe rescue therapy in severe COVID‐19 with associated neurological manifestations and thromboinflammation.
Source: Clinical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research
HbA1c variability has been linked to retinopathy, renal disease and autonomic neuropathy in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). Although the same relationship has b...
Source: Diabetology and Metabolic Syndrome - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Short report Source Type: research
We present a previously unreported case of long segment torsion and vascular compromise of the ulnar nerve following anterior subcutaneous transposition with a description of the imaging findings based on the unique structure of the nerve and the presence of a blood nerve barrier (BNB) and a discussion of the potential vulnerability of a transposed and torsed nerve.
Source: Clinical Imaging - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Musculoskeletal and Emergency Imaging Source Type: research
ConclusionsEribulin is active in HER2 − breast cancer. This study reveals that provider-assessed AEs can vary greatly from patient experiences. Future studies should incorporate CTCAE and PRO instruments to improve reporting of treatment-related AEs.ClinicalTrials.gov Registration: NCT01827787
Source: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study aimed to prospectively explore severity and prevalence of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) and examine the correlation between clinician-assessed (objective) and patient-reported (subjective) CIPN in breast cancer survivors receiving taxane.MethodsThis was a prospective, longitudinal study. Purposive sampling was adapted to enroll women newly diagnosed with breast cancer and about to receive taxane. The CIPN was assessed after breast cancer diagnosed and before chemotherapy (T1), before cycle 1 to 4 taxane infusion (T2 to T5), and after chemotherapy completion (T6 to T8). Total Neuropathy Score ...
Source: Supportive Care in Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in aging adults in the U.S. has risen dramatically, particularly among U.S. Veterans, where it currently affects over 20% of the Veteran population [1]. Metformin is recommended as a first line treatment for individuals with T2DM and normal kidney function, resulting in nearly 70% of all U.S. Veterans receiving metformin to treat their T2DM [2].
Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Sensory neuropathy was the main finding. Diagnosing PN based on symptom prevalence assessed by checklists and questionnaire has a risk of overestimating the prevalence of PN. The age and the time of disease evolution were factors related to neuropathy. In our study we found that 39% of the patients did not have neuropathic alterations despite clinical suspicion, which opens up new questions about the mechanisms of PD neuropathy and the possibility of fine fiber neuropathy in these patients, motivating further research. PMID: 33006509 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Neurodiagnostic Journal - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurodiagn J Source Type: research
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