Tranexamic acid in the German emergency medical service : A  national survey.

CONCLUSION: The survey shows a widespread distribution of TXA in the German EMS, which has significantly increased between 2010 and 2015. However, nationwide distribution has not yet been established. This rise in distribution is interpreted as a reaction to national and European guidelines for the management of severe bleeding and trauma care. A remaining question is to determine which patients should be treated with TXA, as hyperfibrinolysis is not detectable at the site of injury. PMID: 28184955 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Anaesthesist - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anaesthesist Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Men with rectal prolapse were younger, healthier, and had relatively better anorectal function than women. The Delorme-Thiersch operation in men promoted lower recurrence rates and was advantageous in preserving the fertility of young patients, but the incidence of complications was also higher in men. Adequate counseling and preparation for the possibility of complications are needed. PMID: 31726002 [PubMed]
Source: Annals of Coloproctology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Coloproctol Source Type: research
ConclusionPBM in obstetrics is based on three main pillars: diagnostic and/or therapeutic interventions during pregnancy, during delivery and in the postpartum phase. These three main pillars should be kept in mind by all professionals taking care of pregnant women, including obstetricians, general practitioners, midwifes, and anaesthesiologists, to improve pregnancy outcome and optimize resources.
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundRectal prolapse is a disease presentation with a prevalence of about 1%, mainly affecting older women. It usually presents with symptoms of rectal mass, rectal bleeding, fecal incontinence or constipation, with patients frequently feeling socially isolated as a result. Perineal rectosigmoidectomy is associated with lesser morbidity and mortality than the abdominal procedure, but with a much higher recurrence rate. Therefore, this technique is mainly suitable for the frail elderly patient. Specific outcomes in an elderly population have been described in only a few studies. We evaluated the morbidity, mort...
Source: Techniques in Coloproctology - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
A 40-year-old man was treated with tonsillectomy and underwent early surgical exploration because of bleeding. Postoperative bleeding complications were treated with bronchoscopy. In addition to obesity, normal thyroid function, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and current tobacco abuse with severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, biochemistry revealed severe hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol 572 mg/dL) and hypertriglyceridemia (1,220 mg/dL). During the postoperative period, low doses of propofol (up to 2 mg/kg/h for 10 hours), along with remifentanil (up to 0.0016 mg/kg/h for 20 hours), midazolam, and tramadol, were neede...
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
Significant bleeding is a well known complication after cardiac surgical procedures and is associated with worse outcome. Thrombelastometry (ROTEM ®) allows point-of-care testing of the coagulation status but o...
Source: BMC Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
The ROTEM sigma whole blood viscoelastic test uses different technology than the former delta model. Existing ROTEM based algorithms use cutoff values based on the delta model, and cannot be applied to the sigma model. The authors tested sensitivity and specificity of ROTEM sigma parameters to detect specific hemostatic deficiencies and established cutoff values with the aim of developing a treatment algorithm.
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
BACKGROUND Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is accepted as a resuscitation adjunct and bridge to definitive hemostasis. The ischemic burden of REBOA may be mitigated by a partial REBOA (P-REBOA) strategy permitting longer occlusion times and military use for combat trauma. We evaluated REBOA and P-REBOA in a swine multiple trauma model with uncontrolled solid organ hemorrhage and delayed resuscitation and surgical hemostasis. METHODS Anesthetized swine (51.9 ± 2.2 kg) had 20 mL/kg hemorrhage and closed femur fracture. Splenic transection was performed and free bleeding permitted...
Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: 2019 WTA PODIUM PAPERS Source Type: research
Rationale: Emergence is not simply the reverse process of induction. Many dynamic situations could occur in this period by distinct neurobiology as recent studies indicated. Herein we report a rare case of failure of emergence from general anesthesia after cervical spine surgery. Patient concerns: Despite the perioperative vital signs and laboratory results were unremarkable, the patient could not recover his mental status and spontaneous breathing during emergence. 20 minutes after cessation of anesthetic drug administration, his blood pressure suddenly began to decrease requiring transfusion and vasopressor. Diag...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Botulinum toxin (Botox) was introduced for the management of internal anal sphincter (IAS) achalasia after a pull-through procedure in Hirschsprung disease (HD). We conducted a prospective evaluation of the efficacy and safety of this Botox treatment. Our study group included 15 patients with HD (median age, 4.8 years; range, 1.7–7.4 years) who experienced persistent constipation after pull-through surgery. Rectal biopsy and colon study were performed before Botox injection to exclude agangliosis. Intersphincteric Botox injections (dose, 4 IU/kg) were performed at 3 sites, (3, 6, and 9 o’clock) under general a...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
The SCA Blood Conservation Working Group provides a summary of recommendations regarding patient blood management in cardiac surgery.Anesthesia &Analgesia
Source: Medscape Critical Care Headlines - Category: Intensive Care Tags: Anesthesiology Journal Article Source Type: news
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