Nonthrombotic pulmonary embolisms.

[Nonthrombotic pulmonary embolisms]. Radiologe. 2017 Feb 08;: Authors: Bach AG, Schramm D, Surov A Abstract The term nonthrombotic pulmonary embolism (NTPE) is defined as embolization of pulmonary arteries caused by foreign bodies (e. g. detached catheter fragments), biological substances (e. g. septic thrombus) or exogenous substances (e. g. gas). The frequency of NTPE is underestimated. Symptoms can cover the spectrum from undetectable to sudden death. In addition to mechanical obstruction of the pulmonary arteries, some NTPEs trigger an inflammatory cascade that causes deterioration of vascular, pulmonary and cardiac function. Radiological imaging in combination with the medical history of patients is sufficient to identify most NTPEs with certainty. The aim of this article is to make readers aware of the symptoms, frequency, relevance, classification, pathophysiology, laboratory findings and radiological findings of the most frequent forms of NTPE. The spectrum of forms presented here includes pulmonary embolisms due to foreign bodies (intravascular, intracorporeal and extracorporeal), amniotic fluid, endogenous tissue, fat, tumors, septic thrombi, hydatids, cement, metallic mercury, gas, silicone and particles. PMID: 28180915 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Radiologe - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

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