Unveiling of HIV dynamics among transgender women: a respondent-driven sampling study in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Publication date: Available online 8 February 2017 Source:The Lancet HIV Author(s): Beatriz Grinsztejn, Emilia M Jalil, Laylla Monteiro, Luciane Velasque, Ronaldo I Moreira, Ana Cristina F Garcia, Cristiane V Castro, Alícia Krüger, Paula M Luz, Albert Y Liu, Willi McFarland, Susan Buchbinder, Valdilea G Veloso, Erin C Wilson Background The burden of HIV in transgender women (transwomen) in Brazil remains unknown. We aimed to estimate HIV prevalence among transwomen in Rio de Janeiro and to identify predictors of newly diagnosed HIV infections. Methods We recruited transwomen from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, by respondent-driven sampling. Eligibility criteria were self-identification as transwomen, being 18 years of age or older, living in Rio de Janeiro or its metropolitan area, and having a valid peer recruitment coupon. We recruited 12 seed participants from social movements and formative focus groups who then used peer recruitment coupons to refer subsequent peers to the study. We categorised participants as HIV negative, known HIV infected, or newly diagnosed as HIV infected. We assessed predictors of newly diagnosed HIV infections by comparing newly diagnosed with HIV-negative participants. We derived population estimates with the Respondent-Driven Sampling II estimator. Findings Between Aug 1, 2015, and Jan 29, 2016, we enrolled 345 eligible transwomen. 29·1% (95% CI 23·2–35·4) of participants had no previous HIV testing (adjusted fro...
Publication date: Available online 13 October 2019Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (English Edition)Author(s): Yuichi Ohgoshi, Yosuke Usui, Satoshi Terada, Yoshimasa Takeda, Aiji Ohtsuka
ConclusionsThis case series demonstrates that the use of a high frequency jet ventilator for cardiac MRI was feasible, safe, providing good quality cardiac imaging and avoiding anesthesia personnel to be inside the hazardous environment of MRI room. Future studies are needed to confirm its safety and efficiency in pediatric patients.ResumoJustificativa e objetivosA ressonância magnética (RM) cardíaca é uma técnica utilizada na avaliação de crianças com cardiopatias congênitas. A anestesia geral garante imobilidade, especialmente em pacientes não cooperador...
ConclusionsBronchodilator dose responsiveness may be useful for phenotyping and may be of utility in practice and future studies focused on asthma outcomes or quantification of treatment responses. In children and adolescents, this phenotype of poor bronchodilator responsiveness may be associated with periods of relatively stable disease yet marked airway constriction in response to triggers, including tobacco smoke, respiratory infections/pneumonia, and aeroallergens.
ConclusionWe applied the ALDEN score to the claims database to identify possible culprit drugs for SJS and TEN in South Korea. This approach could shed light on research and policymaking for drug adverse reactions.
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2019Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Luis Caraballo, Mahapatra Shayan, Ves Dimov, Frank J. Eidelman
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2019Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Timothy E. Dribin, Kenneth A. Michelson, Michael C. Monuteaux, David Schnadower, Mark I. Neuman
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2019Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Sande O. Okelo, Andrew L. Bilderback, Maria Fagnano, Jill S. Halterman
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2019Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Nannan Lai, Luyao Liu, Li Lin, Chaoqun Cui, Ying Wang, Qing Min, Ermeng Xiong, Wenjie Wang, Wenjing Ying, Qinhua Zhou, Jia Hou, Jinqiao Sun, Ji-Yang Wang, Xiaochuan Wang
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2019Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Lina Marenco-Hillembrand, Salvador Alvarez-Elcoro, Osarenoma U. Olomu, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa, Vivek Gupta, Alexei Gonzalez-Estrada
ConclusionsHistory of penicillin-associated rash (without angioedema, mucosal ulceration, or systemic involvement), more than 1 year ago, is sufficient to select a patient for a direct oral penicillin challenge. This large multicenter study demonstrates that this approach appears safe, and risk is comparable to that in other procedures being performed in primary care in Australia. The higher risk patients are more likely to benefit from skin testing. This simple risk-based delabeling strategy could potentially be used by nonallergists, leading to more efficient penicillin allergy delabeling service provision.