Researchers identify 'synthetic essentiality' as novel approach for locating cancer therapy targets

(University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center) A new method has been found for identifying therapeutic targets in cancers lacking specific key tumor suppressor genes. The process, which located a genetic site for the most common form of prostate cancer, has potential for developing precision therapy for other cancers, such as breast, brain and colorectal, say researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. Study results were published in the Feb. 6 online issue of Nature.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

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This study aimed to explore whether a correlation exists between the incidence and mortality of cancers and normalized internet search volumes on the big data platform, Baidu. We also assessed whether the distribution of people who searched for specific types of cancer differed by gender. Finally, we determined whether there were regional disparities among people who searched the Web for cancer-related information. Methods: Standard Boolean operators were used to choose search terms for each type of cancer. Spearman’s correlation analysis was used to explore correlations among monthly search index values for each can...
Source: Journal of Medical Internet Research - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we show that calorie restriction is protective against age-related increases in senescence and microglia activation and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression in an animal model of aging. Further, these protective effects mitigated age-related decline in neuroblast and neuronal production, and enhanced olfactory memory performance, a behavioral index of neurogenesis in the SVZ. Our results support the concept that calorie restriction might be an effective anti-aging intervention in the context of healthy brain aging. Greater Modest Activity in Late Life Correlates with Lower Incidence of Dementia ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
(CBS Local) — The nation’s cancer death rate dropped a whopping 27 percent during the last quarter century, according to a new report by the American Cancer Society. That translates to about 2.6 million fewer cancer deaths than would have been expected if rates stayed at their peak, which was seen in 1991. “The decline in deaths is largely driven by reductions in smoking and improved treatment, as well as earlier detection for some cancers,” said lead researcher Rebecca Siegel, scientific director of surveillance research at the cancer society. The drop was driven by huge strides made in treating mo...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News American Cancer Society Local TV talkers Source Type: news
In this study, we have used four samples of microarray neuronal developmental data: control, RV (resveratrol), NGF (nerve growth factor), and RV + NGF. By using computational methods, we have identified genes that are expressed in the early stage of neuronal development and also involved in neuronal diseases. We have used MeV application to cluster the raw data using distance metric Pearson correlation coefficient. Finally, 60 genes were selected on the basis of coexpression analysis. Further pathway analysis was done using the Metascape tool, and the biological process was studied using gene ontology database. A total of ...
Source: Advances in Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Adv Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Conclusion: Although odontogenesis and tumorigenesis may seem to be unrelated processes, the clinical association between the two highlights the overlap of genetic determinants and molecular pathways. Tooth agenesis can be diagnosed during childhood and should be considered a marker for risk of neoplasms in adulthood. Healthcare providers should identify tooth agenesis and provide appropriate anticipatory guidance. PMID: 30559619 [PubMed]
Source: Ochsner Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Ochsner J Source Type: research
Involvement of the glutamine RF‑amide peptide and its cognate receptor GPR103 in prostate cancer. Oncol Rep. 2018 Nov 27;: Authors: Kawan MA, Kyrou I, Ramanjaneya M, Williams K, Jeyaneethi J, Randeva HS, Karteris E Abstract Glutamine RF‑amide peptide (QRFP) belongs to the RFamide neuropeptide family, which is involved in a wide spectrum of biological activities, ranging from food intake and cardiovascular functioning to analgesia, aldosterone secretion, locomotor activity and reproduction. Recently, QRFP has been demonstrated to exert its effects by activating the G protein‑coupled receptor GPR10...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
Conclusions: Isolated distal DVT cases made up only a small percentage of all diagnosed incident CAT events for all cancer types analyzed, with the 2-year cumulative incidence ranging from 0.5% - 2.0% for stage 4 patients. Subsequent rVTE events in these patients were principally PE or p-DVT (73%). D-DVT was not a significant predictor of rVTE. A diagnosis of incident d-DVT was strongly associated with worse survival, and for most cancers, survival was similar among patients with an incident p-DVT or PE.DisclosuresNo relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 332. Antithrombotic Therapy: Poster II Source Type: research
Dante Labs sent me their Full DNA whole genome sequencing package, and I went through a roller-coaster of feelings: I was excited to know every secret of my cells, but I was afraid to get to know my hereditary cancer risks and worried what I might find. As in my case, (scientific) curiosity usually overrides fear, I jumped into the unknown and I’m eager to share my results here. Whole genome sequencing is available to anyone. So what? The human genome is the blueprint for building a person. When the Human Genome Project was completed in 2006, and the DNA double spiral uncovered its secrets for the very first time, sc...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Biotechnology Genomics Medical Professionals Patients Personalized Medicine Policy Makers Dante Labs data DNA future genetic genome sequencing genomic data genomic testing Health health risks health science Healthcare I Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, weight cycling significantly increased life-span relative to remaining with obesity and had a similar benefit to sustained modest weight loss. Support for Oxidized Cholesterol as a Primary Cause of Atherosclerosis https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2018/11/support-for-oxidized-cholesterol-as-a-primary-cause-of-atherosclerosis/ In the paper I'll point out today, the authors provide evidence in support of the concept that it is specifically oxidized cholesterol that is the primary cause of atherosclerosis rather than the condition resulting from too much cholesterol in general. In atheroscl...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Genomics and Health Disparities Lecture Series John Carpten, PhD is Professor and Chair for the Department of Translational Genomics. His training and professional experiences include postdoctoral training at the National Human Genome Research Institute/NIH, and serving as Deputy Director of Research at the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen). Dr. Carpten ’ cancer research program spans multiple disciplines including germline genetics for disease risk and predisposition, somatic cancer genomics, health disparities research, cell biology, functional genomics, and precision medicine. The primary focus of h...
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video
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