Millions Have Condition That Can Cause Infertility

Pelvic inflammatory disease often caused by sexually transmitted infections, CDC experts say
Source: WebMD Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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This article aims to synthesize recent literature on reproductive health and healthcare of women Veterans. We updated a literature search to identify manuscripts published between 2008 and July 1, 2017. We excluded studies that were not original research, only included active-duty women, or had few women Veterans in their sample. Manuscripts were reviewed using a standardized abstraction form. We identified 52 manuscripts. Nearly half (48%) of the new manuscripts addressed contraception and preconception care (n = 15) or pregnancy (n = 10). The pregnancy and family planning literature showed tha...
Source: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Semin Reprod Med 2018; 36: 340-350 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1678752 Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in the United States. Within the U.S. military, the age- and race-adjusted chlamydia infection rates among female service members are consistently higher than civilian rates, with a 20% annual acquisition rate among young active-duty women. The sequelae of chlamydia disproportionately impact women in terms of severity and cost. Untreated chlamydia progresses to pelvic inflammatory disease in 40% of cases, and is a leading cause of fallopian tube damage and pelvic adhesive disea...
Source: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe application of HLA*PRG:LA tool to the study of male infertility provided novel insights for anHLA correlation with semen quality, namely among SHV and OLI phenotypes. The discovery of anHLA ‐A*29:02/HPV crosstalk, together with former reports ofHLA alleles conferring resistance –susceptibility to diverse human pathogens, raises the hypothesis of a mechanistic link between male infertility,HLA polymorphism, and host response to STD.
Source: Andrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
In this study, we carried out a screen to identify C. trachomatis genes important for recovery from IFNγ- and/or penicillin-induced stress. We found that ptr, encoding a poorly characterized secreted protease, is required for rapid recovery from IFNγ- but not penicillin-induced stress. Materials and Methods Cell Culture, Infection and C. trachomatis Strains HeLa (CCL-2, ATCC) and Vero cells (CCL-81, ATCC) were cultured in high glucose Dulbecco’s modified Eagle’s medium (Gibco) supplemented with 10% FBS (Natocor) without antibiotics in 5% CO2 at 37°C in a humidified atmosphere. Cells were rout...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
(MedPage Today) -- Research on gonorrhea finds similar risks for ectopic pregnancy, tubal infertility as chlamydia
Source: MedPage Today Infectious Disease - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
UCLA Health Rates of sexually transmitted diseases have risen for the past four years to record highs in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ’slatest analysis. In California, the state health departmentfound that the number of people diagnosed with syphilis, gonorrhea or chlamydia in 2017 was 45 percent higher than five years prior.These sorts of statistics may spark a fear that there ’s little we can do to protect ourselves — but that’s not the full story.Dr. Leena Nathan, an obstetrician/gynecologist at UCLA Health-Westlake Village, consults with peo...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 6 February 2019Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical Obstetrics &GynaecologyAuthor(s): Ertan SaridoganAbstractGynaecologists are frequently involved in the management of conditions which may result in reduced fertility or treatments they administer can lead to infertility. Sexually transmitted infections and pelvic inflammatory disease are the most common cause of tubal damage, gynaecologists can play an important role in the identification and early treatment. Pelvic surgery for conditions such as leiomyoma, ovarian cysts and endometriosis can lead to pelvic adhesions and iatr...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Abstract Fertility awareness, or general knowledge about one's fertility, is low in adolescents and in adult women as well. Misconceptions about reproduction contribute to high rates of unplanned pregnancy in the United States, as well as delayed childbearing and infertility. Alhough primary care providers caring for adolescents have historically focused on contraception and reduction of sexually transmitted infections during their sexual and reproductive health conversations with adolescents and young adult women, fertility awareness counseling would help these women optimize their future fertility and make infor...
Source: Pediatric Annals - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Pediatr Ann Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In men, regimens with azithromycin are probably less effective than doxycycline for microbiological failure, however, there might be little or no difference for clinical failure. For women, we are uncertain whether azithromycin compared to doxycycline increases the risk of microbiological failure. Azithromycin probably slightly reduces adverse events compared to doxycycline in men and women together but may have little difference in men alone. We are uncertain whether doxycycline compared to ofloxacin reduces microbiological failure in men or women alone, or men and women together, nor if it reduces clinical f...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
This study sought to determine the frequency of filled prescriptions for adolescents prescribed antibiotics for outpatient management of STIs and identify factors associated with prescription filling.
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - Category: Child Development Authors: Source Type: research
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